Major State Aids & Taxes: Description of the Data
The aids and taxes information contain the most recent available data for the programs and
historical information. In the published report, the data is for a five-year time period. Some of the data are county level, while other tables
and graphs are by region or groupings of regions.
One table uses northern and southern groupings of the 80 nonmetro counties. The groupings were selected for convenience, rather than for
any specific analytical purpose. The northern and southern regions are grouped as follows:
- 1: Northwest
- 2: Headwaters
- 3: Arrowhead
- 4: West Central
- 5: Five
- 7E: East Central
- 6E: Six East
- 6W: Upper Minnesota Valley
- 7W: Central Minnesota
- 8: Southwest
- 9: Nine
- 10: Southeastern Minnesota
The seven metro counties are not included in either the northern or southern
Each aid and tax contains the
following information about the program, maps, and historical data:
- Program Description: Describes the aid or tax and provides the
statewide amount for the most recent available year, any relevant reporting
information, and the source of the data. In some cases, summary tables
itemizing the data in different ways (e.g., by program totals) are included.
Any recent law changes that affect the program and are important in analyzing
the data are noted.
Maps: Two maps show the per capita distribution for the most recent
year available of the aid or tax by county and economic development region.
2014 population is used to calculate per capita amounts throughout these web pages. The 2014 population estimates used here are from the
Minnesota State Demographer.
The counties were grouped by dividing the data for each aid and tax into
three ranges. The map legend shows the size of the ranges, the per
capita amount received or paid by the average county or economic development
region, the range from lowest to highest amount per capita, and the overall
statewide per capita amount. In some cases, a small number of counties may
have per capita aid or tax amounts much higher or lower than all other
counties. For purposes of comparability, the groupings constructed on the
county data ranges were also used for maps presenting data by economic
All maps are on a per capita basis for comparability among counties. For some
aids and taxes, however, other measures would probably be more appropriate.
For example, a measure incorporating per pupil units could provide insight
into the distribution of education aid. Construction of such measures on a
county basis is beyond the scope of this report due to time and data
limitations. Where appropriate, suggested alternatives are noted.
Historical Data: A table provides historical data for the state and
the geographic areas of the state. The right-hand column shows a percentage
change for the time period presented, calculated using nominal dollars (i.e.,
not adjusted for inflation). Hennepin and Ramsey counties are shown separately
from the rest of the metro counties because of their greater size, and because
each contains a city of the first class.
A statewide graph shows the trend of the data in nominal dollars and
in constant (inflation-adjusted) dollars, adjusted for inflation using the implicit price deflator for state
and local government expenditures, as published by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. This is the only place where amounts
presented are adjusted for inflation.