Journal of the House - 51st Day - Friday, May 10, 2019 - Top of Page 5649

STATE OF MINNESOTA

 

Journal of the House

 

NINETY-FIRST SESSION - 2019

 

_____________________

 

FIFTY-FIRST DAY

 

Saint Paul, Minnesota, Friday, May 10, 2019

 

 

      The House of Representatives convened at 10:00 a.m. and was called to order by Melissa Hortman, Speaker of the House.

 

      Prayer was offered by Representative Sondra Erickson, District 15A, Princeton, Minnesota.

 

      The members of the House gave the pledge of allegiance to the flag of the United States of America.

 

      The roll was called and the following members were present:

 


Acomb

Albright

Anderson

Bahner

Bahr

Baker

Becker-Finn

Bernardy

Bierman

Boe

Brand

Cantrell

Carlson, A.

Carlson, L.

Christensen

Claflin

Considine

Daniels

Daudt

Davids

Davnie

Dehn

Demuth

Drazkowski

Ecklund

Edelson

Elkins

Erickson

Fabian

Fischer

Franson

Freiberg

Garofalo

Gomez

Green

Gruenhagen

Haley

Halverson

Hansen

Hassan

Hausman

Heinrich

Hertaus

Hornstein

Howard

Huot

Johnson

Jurgens

Kiel

Klevorn

Koegel

Kotyza-Witthuhn

Koznick

Kunesh-Podein

Lee

Lesch

Liebling

Lien

Lillie

Lippert

Lislegard

Loeffler

Long

Lucero

Mahoney

Mann

Mariani

Marquart

Masin

McDonald

Mekeland

Miller

Moller

Moran

Morrison

Munson

Murphy

Nash

Nelson, M.

Nelson, N.

Neu

Noor

O'Driscoll

Olson

Pelowski

Persell

Petersburg

Pierson

Pinto

Poppe

Poston

Pryor

Richardson

Robbins

Runbeck

Sandell

Sandstede

Sauke

Schomacker

Schultz

Scott

Stephenson

Sundin

Swedzinski

Tabke

Theis

Torkelson

Urdahl

Vang

Vogel

Wagenius

Wazlawik

West

Winkler

Wolgamott

Xiong, J.

Xiong, T.

Youakim

Zerwas

Spk. Hortman


 

      A quorum was present.

 

      Backer, Bennett, Dettmer, Grossell, Gunther, Heintzeman, Her, Kresha, Layman, Lueck, Nornes and Quam were excused.

 

      Hamilton was excused until 11:25 a.m.  O'Neill was excused until 12:30 p.m.

 

      The Chief Clerk proceeded to read the Journal of the preceding day.  There being no objection, further reading of the Journal was dispensed with and the Journal was approved as corrected by the Chief Clerk.


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REPORTS OF CHIEF CLERK

 

      S. F. No. 322 and H. F. No. 1221, which had been referred to the Chief Clerk for comparison, were examined and found to be identical.

 

      Sandell moved that S. F. No. 322 be substituted for H. F. No. 1221 and that the House File be indefinitely postponed.  The motion prevailed.

 

 

      S. F. No. 955 and H. F. No. 2206, which had been referred to the Chief Clerk for comparison, were examined and found to be identical.

 

      Albright moved that S. F. No. 955 be substituted for H. F. No. 2206 and that the House File be indefinitely postponed.  The motion prevailed.

 

 

      S. F. No. 998 and H. F. No. 823, which had been referred to the Chief Clerk for comparison, were examined and found to be identical.

 

      Nelson, M., moved that S. F. No. 998 be substituted for H. F. No. 823 and that the House File be indefinitely postponed.  The motion prevailed.

 

 

      S. F. No. 1261 and H. F. No. 1127, which had been referred to the Chief Clerk for comparison, were examined and found to be identical.

 

      Baker moved that S. F. No. 1261 be substituted for H. F. No. 1127 and that the House File be indefinitely postponed.  The motion prevailed.

 

 

      S. F. No. 1706 and H. F. No. 2065, which had been referred to the Chief Clerk for comparison, were examined and found to be not identical.

 

      Davids moved that S. F. No. 1706 be substituted for H. F. No. 2065 and that the House File be indefinitely postponed.  The motion prevailed.

 

 

      S. F. No. 2081 and H. F. No. 2027, which had been referred to the Chief Clerk for comparison, were examined and found to be identical.

 

      Zerwas moved that S. F. No. 2081 be substituted for H. F. No. 2027 and that the House File be indefinitely postponed.  The motion prevailed.

 

 

      S. F. No. 2089 and H. F. No. 2252, which had been referred to the Chief Clerk for comparison, were examined and found to be identical.

 

      Koznick moved that S. F. No. 2089 be substituted for H. F. No. 2252 and that the House File be indefinitely postponed.  The motion prevailed.


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           S. F. No. 2313 and H. F. No. 2051, which had been referred to the Chief Clerk for comparison, were examined and found to be not identical.

 

      Elkins moved that S. F. No. 2313 be substituted for H. F. No. 2051 and that the House File be indefinitely postponed.  The motion prevailed.

 

 

PETITIONS AND COMMUNICATIONS

 

 

      The following communication was received:

 

 

STATE OF MINNESOTA

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE

ST. PAUL 55155

 

The Honorable Melissa Hortman

Speaker of the House of Representatives

 

The Honorable Jeremy R. Miller

President of the Senate

 

      I have the honor to inform you that the following enrolled Acts of the 2019 Session of the State Legislature have been received from the Office of the Governor and are deposited in the Office of the Secretary of State for preservation, pursuant to the State Constitution, Article IV, Section 23:

 

 

S. F.

No.

 

H. F.

No.

 

Session Laws

Chapter No.

Time and

Date Approved

2019

 

Date Filed

2019

 

     1703                                                   20                                         9:53 p.m.  May 9                                     May 9

       558                                                   21                                         9:53 p.m.  May 9                                     May 9

     1732                                                   22                                         9:53 p.m.  May 9                                     May 9

 

 

                                                                                                                                Sincerely,

 

                                                                                                                                Steve Simon

                                                                                                                                Secretary of State

 

 

SECOND READING OF SENATE BILLS

 

 

      S. F. Nos. 322, 955, 998, 1261, 1706, 2081, 2089 and 2313 were read for the second time.


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INTRODUCTION AND FIRST READING OF HOUSE BILLS

 

 

      The following House Files were introduced:

 

 

Gruenhagen introduced:

 

H. F. No. 2873, A bill for an act relating to human services; establishing the family medical account program; providing rulemaking authority; requiring reports; proposing coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapter 256B.

 

The bill was read for the first time and referred to the Committee on Health and Human Services Policy.

 

 

Lucero introduced:

 

H. F. No. 2874, A bill for an act relating to liquor; modifying items for sale at exclusive liquor stores; amending Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 340A.412, subdivision 14.

 

The bill was read for the first time and referred to the Committee on Commerce.

 

 

Urdahl introduced:

 

H. F. No. 2875, A bill for an act relating to capital investment; appropriating money for a wellness center in Litchfield; authorizing the sale and issuance of state bonds.

 

The bill was read for the first time and referred to the Committee on Ways and Means.

 

 

Runbeck, Koznick, Torkelson and Boe introduced:

 

H. F. No. 2876, A bill for an act relating to transportation; requiring video cameras to record light rail transit vehicle operators; requiring a report on light rail transit safety features; amending Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 473.4056, subdivision 2.

 

The bill was read for the first time and referred to the Committee on Ways and Means.

 

 

O'Driscoll, Kresha, Haley, Neu, Theis and Daudt introduced:

 

H. F. No. 2877, A bill for an act relating to economic development; creating a voluntary small employer paid family leave insurance program; establishing a tax credit; appropriating money; proposing coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapters 62L; 290.

 

The bill was read for the first time and referred to the Committee on Labor.


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Lucero introduced:

 

H. F. No. 2878, A bill for an act relating to public safety; prohibiting commercial vehicles from driving in the left lane; amending Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 169.18, by adding a subdivision.

 

The bill was read for the first time and referred to the Transportation Finance and Policy Division.

 

 

Hausman, Dehn, Hansen, Mariani and Urdahl introduced:

 

H. F. No. 2879, A bill for an act relating to capital investment; appropriating money for the History Theatre; authorizing the sale and issuance of state bonds.

 

The bill was read for the first time and referred to the Committee on Ways and Means.

 

 

      Winkler moved that the House recess subject to the call of the Chair.  The motion prevailed.

 

 

RECESS

 

 

RECONVENED

 

      The House reconvened and was called to order by Speaker pro tempore Halverson.

 

 

MESSAGES FROM THE SENATE

 

 

      The following messages were received from the Senate:

 

 

Madam Speaker:

 

I hereby announce that the Senate accedes to the request of the House for the appointment of a Conference Committee on the amendments adopted by the Senate to the following House File: 

 

H. F. No. 1733, A bill for an act relating to agriculture; making policy and technical changes to various agricultural provisions including provisions related to hemp, food handlers, eggs, milk, cheese, bioincentive programs, loan programs, pesticides, nursery stock, open-air swine basins, and other agriculture provisions; amending Minnesota Statutes 2018, sections 18B.02; 18H.10; 18K.02, subdivision 3; 18K.06; 25.33, subdivision 8; 28A.04, subdivision 1; 28A.05; 28A.075; 28A.0752, subdivisions 1, 2; 28A.08, subdivision 3; 29.26; 31.94; 32D.13, by adding a subdivision; 32D.20, subdivision 2; 32D.22; 34A.11, subdivision 7; 41A.15, subdivisions 2, 10, by adding a subdivision; 41A.16, subdivisions 1, 2, 4; 41A.17, subdivisions 1, 2, 3; 41A.18, subdivisions 1, 2, 3;


Journal of the House - 51st Day - Friday, May 10, 2019 - Top of Page 5654

41B.02, subdivision 10a; 41B.03, subdivision 3; 41B.0391, subdivision 1; 41B.049, subdivisions 1, 5; 41B.055, subdivision 3; 41B.057, subdivision 3; 116.0714; repealing Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 41A.15, subdivisions 2a, 2b.

 

The Senate has appointed as such committee:

 

Senators Weber, Goggin and Hawj.

 

Said House File is herewith returned to the House.

 

Cal R. Ludeman, Secretary of the Senate

 

 

Madam Speaker:

 

I hereby announce the Senate refuses to concur in the House amendments to the following Senate File: 

 

S. F. No. 278, A bill for an act relating to health care; creating licensure and regulations for pharmacy benefit managers; appropriating money; amending Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 151.21, subdivision 7, by adding a subdivision; proposing coding for new law as Minnesota Statutes, chapter 62W; repealing Minnesota Statutes 2018, sections 151.214, subdivision 2; 151.60; 151.61; 151.62; 151.63; 151.64; 151.65; 151.66; 151.67; 151.68; 151.69; 151.70; 151.71.

 

The Senate respectfully requests that a Conference Committee be appointed thereon.  The Senate has appointed as such committee:

 

Senators Jensen, Benson and Klein.

 

Said Senate File is herewith transmitted to the House with the request that the House appoint a like committee.

 

Cal R. Ludeman, Secretary of the Senate

 

 

      Mann moved that the House accede to the request of the Senate and that the Speaker appoint a Conference Committee of 3 members of the House to meet with a like committee appointed by the Senate on the disagreeing votes of the two houses on S. F. No. 278.  The motion prevailed.

 

 

REPORT FROM THE COMMITTEE ON RULES

AND LEGISLATIVE ADMINISTRATION

 

      Winkler from the Committee on Rules and Legislative Administration, pursuant to rules 1.21 and 3.33, designated the following bills to be placed on the Calendar for the Day for Tuesday, May 14, 2019 and established a prefiling requirement for amendments offered to the following bills:

 

      S. F. Nos. 2313, 998, 316, 573 and 955.


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CALENDAR FOR THE DAY

 

 

      H. F. No. 90 was reported to the House.

 

 

Schultz moved to amend H. F. No. 90, the fourth engrossment, as follows:

 

Delete everything after the enacting clause and insert:

 

"ARTICLE 1

RESIDENT RIGHTS AND CONSUMER PROTECTIONS

 

Section 1.  [144.6512] RETALIATION IN NURSING HOMES PROHIBITED.

 

Subdivision 1.  Definitions.  For the purposes of this section:

 

(1) "nursing home" means a facility licensed as a nursing home under chapter 144A; and

 

(2) "resident" means a person residing in a nursing home.

 

Subd. 2.  Retaliation prohibited.  A nursing home or agent of the nursing home may not retaliate against a resident or employee if the resident, employee, or any person acting on behalf of the resident:

 

(1) files a complaint or grievance, makes an inquiry, or asserts any right;

 

(2) indicates an intention to file a complaint or grievance, make an inquiry, or assert any right;

 

(3) files or indicates an intention to file a maltreatment report, whether mandatory or voluntary, under section 626.557;

 

(4) seeks assistance from or reports a reasonable suspicion of a crime or systemic problems or concerns to the administrator or manager of the nursing home, the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care, a regulatory or other government agency, or a legal or advocacy organization;

 

(5) advocates or seeks advocacy assistance for necessary or improved care or services or enforcement of rights under this section or other law;

 

(6) takes or indicates an intention to take civil action;

 

(7) participates or indicates an intention to participate in any investigation or administrative or judicial proceeding;

 

(8) contracts or indicates an intention to contract to receive services from a service provider of the resident's choice other than the nursing home; or

 

(9) places or indicates an intention to place a camera or electronic monitoring device in the resident's private space as provided under section 144J.05.


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Subd. 3.  Retaliation against a resident.  For purposes of this section, to retaliate against a resident includes but is not limited to any of the following actions taken or threatened by a nursing home or an agent of the nursing home against a resident, or any person with a familial, personal, legal, or professional relationship with the resident:

 

(1) the discharge, eviction, transfer, or termination of services;

 

(2) the imposition of discipline, punishment, or a sanction or penalty;

 

(3) any form of discrimination;

 

(4) restriction or prohibition of access:

 

(i) of the resident to the nursing home or visitors; or

 

(ii) to the resident by a family member or a person with a personal, legal, or professional relationship with the resident;

 

(5) the imposition of involuntary seclusion or withholding food, care, or services;

 

(6) restriction of any of the rights granted to residents under state or federal law;

 

(7) restriction or reduction of access to or use of amenities, care, services, privileges, or living arrangements;

 

(8) an arbitrary increase in charges or fees;

 

(9) removing, tampering with, or deprivation of technology, communication, or electronic monitoring devices; or

 

(10) any oral or written communication of false information about a person advocating on behalf of the resident.

 

Subd. 4.  Retaliation against an employee.  For purposes of this section, to retaliate against an employee includes but is not limited to any of the following actions taken or threatened by the nursing home or an agent of the nursing home against an employee:

 

(1) discharge or transfer;

 

(2) demotion or refusal to promote;

 

(3) reduction in compensation, benefits, or privileges;

 

(4) the unwarranted imposition of discipline, punishment, or a sanction or penalty; or

 

(5) any form of discrimination.

 

Subd. 5.  Rebuttable presumption of retaliation.  (a) Except as provided in paragraphs (b), (c), and (d), there is a rebuttable presumption that any action described in subdivision 3 or 4 and taken within 90 days of an initial action described in subdivision 2 is retaliatory.

 

(b) The presumption does not apply to actions described in subdivision 3, clause (4), if a good faith report of maltreatment pursuant to section 626.557 is made by the nursing home or agent of the nursing home against the visitor, family member, or other person with a personal, legal, or professional relationship who is subject to the restriction or prohibition of access.


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(c) The presumption does not apply to any oral or written communication described in subdivision 3, clause (10), that is associated with a good faith report of maltreatment pursuant to section 626.557 made by the nursing home or agent of the nursing home against the person advocating on behalf of the resident.

 

(d) The presumption does not apply to a termination of a contract of admission, as that term is defined under section 144.6501, subdivision 1, for a reason permitted under state or federal law.

 

Subd. 6.  Remedy.  A resident who meets the criteria under section 325F.71, subdivision 1, has a cause of action under section 325F.71, subdivision 4, for the violation of this section, unless the resident otherwise has a cause of action under section 626.557, subdivision 17.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2019.

 

Sec. 2.  [144G.07] RETALIATION PROHIBITED.

 

Subdivision 1.  Definitions.  For the purposes of this section and section 144G.08:

 

(1) "facility" means a housing with services establishment registered under section 144D.02 and operating under title protection under this chapter; and

 

(2) "resident" means a resident of a facility.

 

Subd. 2.  Retaliation prohibited.  A facility or agent of the facility may not retaliate against a resident or employee if the resident, employee, or any person on behalf of the resident:

 

(1) files a complaint or grievance, makes an inquiry, or asserts any right;

 

(2) indicates an intention to file a complaint or grievance, make an inquiry, or assert any right;

 

(3) files or indicates an intention to file a maltreatment report, whether mandatory or voluntary, under section 626.557;

 

(4) seeks assistance from or reports a reasonable suspicion of a crime or systemic problems or concerns to the administrator or manager of the facility, the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care, a regulatory or other government agency, or a legal or advocacy organization;

 

(5) advocates or seeks advocacy assistance for necessary or improved care or services or enforcement of rights under this section or other law;

 

(6) takes or indicates an intention to take civil action;

 

(7) participates or indicates an intention to participate in any investigation or administrative or judicial proceeding;

 

(8) contracts or indicates an intention to contract to receive services from a service provider of the resident's choice other than the facility; or

 

(9) places or indicates an intention to place a camera or electronic monitoring device in the resident's private space as provided under section 144J.05.


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Subd. 3.  Retaliation against a resident.  For purposes of this section, to retaliate against a resident includes but is not limited to any of the following actions taken or threatened by a facility or an agent of the facility against a resident, or any person with a familial, personal, legal, or professional relationship with the resident:

 

(1) the discharge, eviction, transfer, or termination of services;

 

(2) the imposition of discipline, punishment, or a sanction or penalty;

 

(3) any form of discrimination;

 

(4) restriction or prohibition of access:

 

(i) of the resident to the facility or visitors; or

 

(ii) to the resident by a family member or a person with a personal, legal, or professional relationship with the resident;

 

(5) the imposition of involuntary seclusion or withholding food, care, or services;

 

(6) restriction of any of the rights granted to residents under state or federal law;

 

(7) restriction or reduction of access to or use of amenities, care, services, privileges, or living arrangements;

 

(8) an arbitrary increase in charges or fees;

 

(9) removing, tampering with, or deprivation of technology, communication, or electronic monitoring devices; or

 

(10) any oral or written communication of false information about a person advocating on behalf of the resident.

 

Subd. 4.  Retaliation against an employee.  For purposes of this section, to retaliate against an employee includes but is not limited to any of the following actions taken or threatened by the facility or an agent of the facility against an employee:

 

(1) discharge or transfer;

 

(2) demotion or refusal to promote;

 

(3) reduction in compensation, benefits, or privileges;

 

(4) the unwarranted imposition of discipline, punishment, or a sanction or penalty; or

 

(5) any form of discrimination.

 

Subd. 5.  Rebuttable presumption of retaliation.  (a) Except as provided in paragraphs (b), (c), and (d), there is a rebuttable presumption that any action described in subdivision 3 or 4 and taken within 90 days of an initial action described in subdivision 2 is retaliatory.

 

(b) The presumption does not apply to actions described in subdivision 3, clause (4), if a good faith report of maltreatment pursuant to section 626.557 is made by the facility or agent of the facility against the visitor, family member, or other person with a personal, legal, or professional relationship who is subject to the restriction or prohibition of access.


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(c) The presumption does not apply to any oral or written communication described in subdivision 3, clause (10), that is associated with a good faith report of maltreatment pursuant to section 626.557 made by the facility or agent of the facility against the person advocating on behalf of the resident.

 

(d) The presumption does not apply to a termination of a housing with services contract for a reason permitted under state or federal law.

 

Subd. 6.  Remedy.  A resident who meets the criteria under section 325F.71, subdivision 1, has a cause of action under section 325F.71, subdivision 4, for the violation of this section, unless the resident otherwise has a cause of action under section 626.557, subdivision 17.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2019, and expires July 31, 2021.

 

Sec. 3.  [144G.08] DECEPTIVE MARKETING AND BUSINESS PRACTICES PROHIBITED.

 

Subdivision 1.  Prohibitions.  (a) No employee or agent of any facility may make any false, fraudulent, deceptive, or misleading statements or representations or material omissions in marketing, advertising, or any other description or representation of care or services.

 

(b) No housing with services contract as required under section 144D.04, subdivision 1, may include any provision that the facility knows or should know to be deceptive, unlawful, or unenforceable under state or federal law, nor include any provision that requires or implies a lesser standard of care or responsibility than is required by law.

 

(c) No facility may advertise or represent that the facility has a dementia care unit without complying with disclosure requirements under section 325F.72 and all additional requirements in chapter 144I and in rule.

 

Subd. 2.  Remedies.  (a) A violation of this section constitutes a violation of section 325F.69, subdivision 1.  The attorney general or a county attorney may enforce this section using the remedies in section 325F.70.

 

(b) A resident who meets the criteria under section 325F.71, subdivision 1, has a cause of action under section 325F.71, subdivision 4, for the violation of this section, unless the resident otherwise has a cause of action under section 626.557, subdivision 17.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2019, and expires July 31, 2021.

 

Sec. 4.  [144J.01] DEFINITIONS.

 

Subdivision 1.  Applicability.  For the purposes of this chapter, the following terms have the meanings given them unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.

 

Subd. 2.  Assisted living contract.  "Assisted living contract" means the legal agreement between a resident and an assisted living facility for housing and, if applicable, assisted living services.

 

Subd. 3.  Assisted living facility.  "Assisted living facility" has the meaning given in section 144I.01, subdivision 7.

 

Subd. 4.  Assisted living facility with dementia care.  "Assisted living facility with dementia care" has the meaning given in section 144I.01, subdivision 8.

 

Subd. 5.  Assisted living services.  "Assisted living services" has the meaning given in section 144I.01, subdivision 9.


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Subd. 6.  Attorney-in-fact.  "Attorney-in-fact" means a person designated by a principal to exercise the powers granted by a written and valid power of attorney under chapter 523.

 

Subd. 7.  Conservator.  "Conservator" means a court-appointed conservator acting in accordance with the powers granted to the conservator under chapter 524.

 

Subd. 8.  Designated representative.  "Designated representative" means a person designated in writing by the resident in an assisted living contract and identified in the resident's records on file with the assisted living facility.

 

Subd. 9.  Facility.  "Facility" means an assisted living facility.

 

Subd. 10.  Guardian.  "Guardian" means a court-appointed guardian acting in accordance with the powers granted to the guardian under chapter 524.

 

Subd. 11.  Health care agent.  "Health care agent" has the meaning given in section 145C.01, subdivision 2.

 

Subd. 12.  Legal representative.  "Legal representative" means one of the following in the order of priority listed, to the extent the person may reasonably be identified and located:

 

(1) a guardian;

 

(2) a conservator;

 

(3) a health care agent; or

 

(4) an attorney-in-fact.

 

Subd. 13.  Licensed health professional.  "Licensed health professional" means:

 

(1) a physician licensed under chapter 147;

 

(2) an advanced practice registered nurse, as that term is defined in section 148.171, subdivision 3;

 

(3) a licensed practical nurse, as that term is defined in section 148.171, subdivision 8; or

 

(4) a registered nurse, as that term is defined in section 148.171, subdivision 20.

 

Subd. 14.  Resident.  "Resident" means a person living in an assisted living facility.

 

Subd. 15.  Resident record.  "Resident record" has the meaning given in section 144I.01, subdivision 60.

 

Subd. 16.  Service plan.  "Service plan" has the meaning given in section 144I.01, subdivision 63.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Section 1.  [144J.02] ASSISTED LIVING BILL OF RIGHTS.

 

Subdivision 1.  Applicability.  This section applies to residents living in assisted living facilities.


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Subd. 2.  Legislative intent.  The rights established under this section for the benefit of residents do not limit any other rights available under law.  No facility may request or require that any resident waive any of these rights at any time for any reason, including as a condition of admission to the facility.

 

Subd. 3.  Information about rights.  Before receiving services, residents have the right to be informed by the facility of the rights granted under this section and the recourse residents have if rights are violated.  The information must be in plain language and in terms residents can understand.  The facility must make reasonable accommodations for residents who have communication disabilities and those who speak a language other than English.

 

Subd. 4.  Appropriate care and services.  (a) Residents have the right to care and assisted living services that are appropriate based on the resident's needs and according to an up-to-date service plan subject to accepted health care standards.

 

(b) Residents have the right to receive health care and other assisted living services with continuity from people who are properly trained and competent to perform their duties and in sufficient numbers to adequately provide the services agreed to in the assisted living contract and the service plan.

 

Subd. 5.  Refusal of care or services.  Residents have the right to refuse care or assisted living services and to be informed by the facility of the medical, health-related, or psychological consequences of refusing care or services.

 

Subd. 6.  Participation in care and service planning.  Residents have the right to actively participate in the planning, modification, and evaluation of their care and services.  This right includes:

 

(1) the opportunity to discuss care, services, treatment, and alternatives with the appropriate caregivers;

 

(2) the right to include a family member or the resident's health care agent and designated representative, or both; and

 

(3) the right to be told in advance of, and take an active part in decisions regarding, any recommended changes in the service plan.

 

Subd. 7.  Courteous treatment.  Residents have the right to be treated with courtesy and respect, and to have the resident's property treated with respect.

 

Subd. 8.  Freedom from maltreatment.  Residents have the right to be free from physical, sexual, and emotional abuse; neglect; financial exploitation; and all forms of maltreatment covered under the Vulnerable Adults Act.

 

Subd. 9.  Right to come and go freely.  Residents have the right to enter and leave the facility as they choose.  This right may be restricted only as allowed by other law and consistent with a resident's service plan.

 

Subd. 10.  Individual autonomy.  Residents have the right to individual autonomy, initiative, and independence in making life choices, including establishing a daily schedule and choosing with whom to interact.

 

Subd. 11.  Right to control resources.  Residents have the right to control personal resources.

 

Subd. 12.  Visitors and social participation.  (a) Residents have the right to meet with or receive visits at any time by the resident's family, guardian, conservator, health care agent, attorney, advocate, or religious or social work counselor, or any person of the resident's choosing.  This right may be restricted in certain circumstances if necessary for the resident's health and safety and if documented in the resident's service plan.


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(b) Residents have the right to engage in community life and in activities of their choice.  This includes the right to participate in commercial, religious, social, community, and political activities without interference and at their discretion if the activities do not infringe on the rights of other residents.

 

Subd. 13.  Personal and treatment privacy.  (a) Residents have the right to consideration of their privacy, individuality, and cultural identity as related to their social, religious, and psychological well-being.  Staff must respect the privacy of a resident's space by knocking on the door and seeking consent before entering, except in an emergency or where clearly inadvisable or unless otherwise documented in the resident's service plan.

 

(b) Residents have the right to have and use a lockable door to the resident's unit.  The facility shall provide locks on the resident's unit.  Only a staff member with a specific need to enter the unit shall have keys.  This right may be restricted in certain circumstances if necessary for a resident's health and safety and documented in the resident's service plan.

 

(c) Residents have the right to respect and privacy regarding the resident's service plan.  Case discussion, consultation, examination, and treatment are confidential and must be conducted discreetly.  Privacy must be respected during toileting, bathing, and other activities of personal hygiene, except as needed for resident safety or assistance.

 

Subd. 14.  Communication privacy.  (a) Residents have the right to communicate privately with persons of their choice.

 

(b) If an assisted living facility is sending or receiving mail on behalf of residents, the assisted living facility must do so without interference.

 

(c) Residents must be provided access to a telephone to make and receive calls.

 

Subd. 15.  Confidentiality of records.  (a) Residents have the right to have personal, financial, health, and medical information kept private, to approve or refuse release of information to any outside party, and to be advised of the assisted living facility's policies and procedures regarding disclosure of the information.  Residents must be notified when personal records are requested by any outside party.

 

(b) Residents have the right to access their own records.

 

Subd. 16.  Right to furnish and decorate.  Residents have the right to furnish and decorate the resident's unit within the terms of the assisted living contract.

 

Subd. 17.  Right to choose roommate.  Residents have the right to choose a roommate if sharing a unit.

 

Subd. 18.  Right to access food.  Residents have the right to access food at any time.  This right may be restricted in certain circumstances if necessary for the resident's health and safety and if documented in the resident's service plan.

 

Subd. 19.  Access to technology.  Residents have the right to access Internet service at their expense.

 

Subd. 20.  Grievances and inquiries.  Residents have the right to make and receive a timely response to a complaint or inquiry, without limitation.  Residents have the right to know and every facility must provide the name and contact information of the person representing the facility who is designated to handle and resolve complaints and inquiries.


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Subd. 21.  Access to counsel and advocacy services.  Residents have the right to the immediate access by:

 

(1) the resident's legal counsel;

 

(2) any representative of the protection and advocacy system designated by the state under Code of Federal Regulations, title 45, section 1326.21; or

 

(3) any representative of the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care.

 

Subd. 22.  Information about charges.  Before services are initiated, residents have the right to be notified:

 

(1) of all charges for housing and assisted living services;

 

(2) of any limits on housing and assisted living services available;

 

(3) if known, whether and what amount of payment may be expected from health insurance, public programs, or other sources; and

 

(4) what charges the resident may be responsible for paying.

 

Subd. 23.  Information about individuals providing services.  Before receiving services identified in the service plan, residents have the right to be told the type and disciplines of staff who will be providing the services, the frequency of visits proposed to be furnished, and other choices that are available for addressing the resident's needs.

 

Subd. 24.  Information about other providers and services.  Residents have the right to be informed by the assisted living facility, prior to executing an assisted living contract, that other public and private services may be available and that the resident has the right to purchase, contract for, or obtain services from a provider other than the assisted living facility.

 

Subd. 25.  Resident councils.  Residents have the right to organize and participate in resident councils as described in section 144I.10, subdivision 5.

 

Subd. 26.  Family councils.  Residents have the right to participate in family councils formed by families or residents as described in section 144I.10, subdivision 6.

 

Sec. 6.  [144J.03] RETALIATION PROHIBITED.

 

Subdivision 1.  Retaliation prohibited.  A facility or agent of a facility may not retaliate against a resident or employee if the resident, employee, or any person acting on behalf of the resident:

 

(1) files a complaint or grievance, makes an inquiry, or asserts any right;

 

(2) indicates an intention to file a complaint or grievance, make an inquiry, or assert any right;

 

(3) files or indicates an intention to file a maltreatment report, whether mandatory or voluntary, under section 626.557;

 

(4) seeks assistance from or reports a reasonable suspicion of a crime or systemic problems or concerns to the director or manager of the facility, the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care, a regulatory or other government agency, or a legal or advocacy organization;


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(5) advocates or seeks advocacy assistance for necessary or improved care or services or enforcement of rights under this section or other law;

 

(6) takes or indicates an intention to take civil action;

 

(7) participates or indicates an intention to participate in any investigation or administrative or judicial proceeding;

 

(8) contracts or indicates an intention to contract to receive services from a service provider of the resident's choice other than the facility; or

 

(9) places or indicates an intention to place a camera or electronic monitoring device in the resident's private space as provided under section 144J.05.

 

Subd. 2.  Retaliation against a resident.  For purposes of this section, to retaliate against a resident includes but is not limited to any of the following actions taken or threatened by a facility or an agent of the facility against a resident, or any person with a familial, personal, legal, or professional relationship with the resident:

 

(1) the discharge, eviction, transfer, or termination of services;

 

(2) the imposition of discipline, punishment, or a sanction or penalty;

 

(3) any form of discrimination;

 

(4) restriction or prohibition of access:

 

(i) of the resident to the facility or visitors; or

 

(ii) to the resident by a family member or a person with a personal, legal, or professional relationship with the resident;

 

(5) the imposition of involuntary seclusion or withholding food, care, or services;

 

(6) restriction of any of the rights granted to residents under state or federal law;

 

(7) restriction or reduction of access to or use of amenities, care, services, privileges, or living arrangements;

 

(8) an arbitrary increase in charges or fees;

 

(9) removing, tampering with, or deprivation of technology, communication, or electronic monitoring devices; or

 

(10) any oral or written communication of false information about a person advocating on behalf of the resident.

 

Subd. 3.  Retaliation against an employee.  For purposes of this section, to retaliate against an employee includes but is not limited to any of the following actions taken or threatened by the facility or an agent of the facility against an employee:

 

(1) discharge or transfer;

 

(2) demotion or refusal to promote;


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(3) reduction in compensation, benefits, or privileges;

 

(4) the unwarranted imposition of discipline, punishment, or a sanction or penalty; or

 

(5) any form of discrimination.

 

Subd. 4.  Rebuttable presumption of retaliation.  (a) Except as provided in paragraphs (b), (c), and (d), there is a rebuttable presumption that any action described in subdivision 2 or 3 and taken within 90 days of an initial action described in subdivision 1 is retaliatory.

 

(b) The presumption does not apply to actions described in subdivision 2, clause (4), if a good faith report of maltreatment pursuant to section 626.557 is made by the facility or agent of the facility against the visitor, family member, or other person with a personal, legal, or professional relationship who is subject to the restriction or prohibition of access.

 

(c) The presumption does not apply to any oral or written communication described in subdivision 2, clause (10), that is associated with a good faith report of maltreatment pursuant to section 626.557 made by the facility or agent of the facility against the person advocating on behalf of the resident.

 

(d) The presumption does not apply to a discharge, eviction, transfer, or termination of services that occurs for a reason permitted under section 144J.08, subdivision 3 or 6, provided the assisted living facility has complied with the applicable requirements in sections 144J.08 and 144.10.

 

Subd. 5.  Other laws.  Nothing in this section affects the rights available to a resident under section 626.557.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 7.  [144J.04] DECEPTIVE MARKETING AND BUSINESS PRACTICES PROHIBITED.

 

(a) No employee or agent of any facility may make any false, fraudulent, deceptive, or misleading statements or representations or material omissions in marketing, advertising, or any other description or representation of care or services.

 

(b) No assisted living contract may include any provision that the facility knows or should know to be deceptive, unlawful, or unenforceable under state or federal law, nor include any provision that requires or implies a lesser standard of care or responsibility than is required by law.

 

(c) No facility may advertise or represent that it is licensed as an assisted living facility with dementia care without complying with disclosure requirements under section 325F.72 and all additional requirements in chapter 144I and in rule.

 

(d) A violation of this section constitutes a violation of section 325F.69, subdivision 1.  The attorney general or a county attorney may enforce this section using the remedies in section 325F.70.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 8.  [144J.05] ELECTRONIC MONITORING IN CERTAIN FACILITIES.

 

Subdivision 1.  Definitions.  (a) For the purposes of this section, the terms defined in this subdivision have the meanings given.


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(b) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of health.

 

(c) "Department" means the Department of Health.

 

(d) "Electronic monitoring" means the placement and use of an electronic monitoring device by a resident in the resident's room or private living unit in accordance with this section.

 

(e) "Electronic monitoring device" means a camera or other device that captures, records, or broadcasts audio, video, or both, that is placed in a resident's room or private living unit and is used to monitor the resident or activities in the room or private living unit.

 

(f) "Facility" means a facility that is:

 

(1) licensed as a nursing home under chapter 144A;

 

(2) licensed as a boarding care home under sections 144.50 to 144.56;

 

(3) until August 1, 2021, a housing with services establishment registered under chapter 144D that is either subject to chapter 144G or has a disclosed special unit under section 325F.72; or

 

(4) on or after August 1, 2021, an assisted living facility.

 

(g) "Resident" means a person 18 years of age or older residing in a facility.

 

(h) "Resident representative" means one of the following in the order of priority listed, to the extent the person may reasonably be identified and located:

 

(1) a court-appointed guardian;

 

(2) a health care agent as defined in section 145C.01, subdivision 2; or

 

(3) a person who is not an agent of a facility or of a home care provider designated in writing by the resident and maintained in the resident's records on file with the facility or with the resident's executed housing with services contract or nursing home contract.

 

Subd. 2.  Electronic monitoring authorized.  (a) A resident or a resident representative may conduct electronic monitoring of the resident's room or private living unit through the use of electronic monitoring devices placed in the resident's room or private living unit as provided in this section.

 

(b) Nothing in this section precludes the use of electronic monitoring of health care allowed under other law.

 

(c) Electronic monitoring authorized under this section is not a covered service under home and community‑based waivers under sections 256B.0913, 256B.0915, 256B.092, and 256B.49.

 

(d) This section does not apply to monitoring technology authorized as a home and community-based service under section 256B.0913, 256B.0915, 256B.092, or 256B.49.

 

Subd. 3.  Consent to electronic monitoring.  (a) Except as otherwise provided in this subdivision, a resident must consent to electronic monitoring in the resident's room or private living unit in writing on a notification and consent form.  If the resident has not affirmatively objected to electronic monitoring and the resident's medical professional determines that the resident currently lacks the ability to understand and appreciate the nature and


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consequences of electronic monitoring, the resident representative may consent on behalf of the resident.  For purposes of this subdivision, a resident affirmatively objects when the resident orally, visually, or through the use of auxiliary aids or services declines electronic monitoring.  The resident's response must be documented on the notification and consent form.

 

(b) Prior to a resident representative consenting on behalf of a resident, the resident must be asked if the resident wants electronic monitoring to be conducted.  The resident representative must explain to the resident:

 

(1) the type of electronic monitoring device to be used;

 

(2) the standard conditions that may be placed on the electronic monitoring device's use, including those listed in subdivision 6;

 

(3) with whom the recording may be shared under subdivision 10 or 11; and

 

(4) the resident's ability to decline all recording.

 

(c) A resident, or resident representative when consenting on behalf of the resident, may consent to electronic monitoring with any conditions of the resident's or resident representative's choosing, including the list of standard conditions provided in subdivision 6.  A resident, or resident representative when consenting on behalf of the resident, may request that the electronic monitoring device be turned off or the visual or audio recording component of the electronic monitoring device be blocked at any time.

 

(d) Prior to implementing electronic monitoring, a resident, or resident representative when acting on behalf of the resident, must obtain the written consent on the notification and consent form of any other resident residing in the shared room or shared private living unit.  A roommate's or roommate's resident representative's written consent must comply with the requirements of paragraphs (a) to (c).  Consent by a roommate or a roommate's resident representative under this paragraph authorizes the resident's use of any recording obtained under this section, as provided under subdivision 10 or 11.

 

(e) Any resident conducting electronic monitoring must immediately remove or disable an electronic monitoring device prior to a new roommate moving into a shared room or shared private living unit, unless the resident obtains the roommate's or roommate's resident representative's written consent as provided under paragraph (d) prior to the roommate moving into the shared room or shared private living unit.  Upon obtaining the new roommate's signed notification and consent form and submitting the form to the facility as required under subdivision 5, the resident may resume electronic monitoring.

 

(f) The resident or roommate, or the resident representative or roommate's resident representative if the representative is consenting on behalf of the resident or roommate, may withdraw consent at any time and the withdrawal of consent must be documented on the original consent form as provided under subdivision 5, paragraph (d).

 

Subd. 4.  Refusal of roommate to consent.  If a resident of a facility who is residing in a shared room or shared living unit, or the resident representative of such a resident when acting on behalf of the resident, wants to conduct electronic monitoring and another resident living in or moving into the same shared room or shared living unit refuses to consent to the use of an electronic monitoring device, the facility shall make a reasonable attempt to accommodate the resident who wants to conduct electronic monitoring.  A facility has met the requirement to make a reasonable attempt to accommodate a resident or resident representative who wants to conduct electronic monitoring when, upon notification that a roommate has not consented to the use of an electronic monitoring device in the resident's room, the facility offers to move the resident to another shared room or shared living unit that is available at the time of the request.  If a resident chooses to reside in a private room or private living unit in a facility in order to accommodate the use of an electronic monitoring device, the resident must pay either the private room


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rate in a nursing home setting, or the applicable rent in a housing with services establishment or assisted living facility.  If a facility is unable to accommodate a resident due to lack of space, the facility must reevaluate the request every two weeks until the request is fulfilled.  A facility is not required to provide a private room, a single‑bed room, or a private living unit to a resident who is unable to pay.

 

Subd. 5.  Notice to facility; exceptions.  (a) Electronic monitoring may begin only after the resident or resident representative who intends to place an electronic monitoring device and any roommate or roommate's resident representative completes the notification and consent form and submits the form to the facility.

 

(b) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), the resident or resident representative who intends to place an electronic monitoring device may do so without submitting a notification and consent form to the facility for up to 30 days:

 

(1) if the resident or the resident representative reasonably fears retaliation against the resident by the facility, timely submits the completed notification and consent form to the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care, and timely submits a Minnesota Adult Abuse Reporting Center report or police report, or both, upon evidence from the electronic monitoring device that suspected maltreatment has occurred;

 

(2) if there has not been a timely written response from the facility to a written communication from the resident or resident representative expressing a concern prompting the desire for placement of an electronic monitoring device and if the resident or a resident representative timely submits a completed notification and consent form to the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care; or

 

(3) if the resident or resident representative has already submitted a Minnesota Adult Abuse Reporting Center report or police report regarding the resident's concerns prompting the desire for placement and if the resident or a resident representative timely submits a completed notification and consent form to the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care.

 

(c) Upon receipt of any completed notification and consent form, the facility must place the original form in the resident's file or file the original form with the resident's housing with services contract.  The facility must provide a copy to the resident and the resident's roommate, if applicable.

 

(d) In the event that a resident or roommate, or the resident representative or roommate's resident representative if the representative is consenting on behalf of the resident or roommate, chooses to alter the conditions under which consent to electronic monitoring is given or chooses to withdraw consent to electronic monitoring, the facility must make available the original notification and consent form so that it may be updated.  Upon receipt of the updated form, the facility must place the updated form in the resident's file or file the original form with the resident's signed housing with services contract.  The facility must provide a copy of the updated form to the resident and the resident's roommate, if applicable.

 

(e) If a new roommate, or the new roommate's resident representative when consenting on behalf of the new roommate, does not submit to the facility a completed notification and consent form and the resident conducting the electronic monitoring does not remove or disable the electronic monitoring device, the facility must remove the electronic monitoring device.

 

(f) If a roommate, or the roommate's resident representative when withdrawing consent on behalf of the roommate, submits an updated notification and consent form withdrawing consent and the resident conducting electronic monitoring does not remove or disable the electronic monitoring device, the facility must remove the electronic monitoring device.


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Subd. 6.  Form requirements.  (a) The notification and consent form completed by the resident must include, at a minimum, the following information:

 

(1) the resident's signed consent to electronic monitoring or the signature of the resident representative, if applicable.  If a person other than the resident signs the consent form, the form must document the following:

 

(i) the date the resident was asked if the resident wants electronic monitoring to be conducted;

 

(ii) who was present when the resident was asked;

 

(iii) an acknowledgment that the resident did not affirmatively object; and

 

(iv) the source of authority allowing the resident representative to sign the notification and consent form on the resident's behalf;

 

(2) the resident's roommate's signed consent or the signature of the roommate's resident representative, if applicable.  If a roommate's resident representative signs the consent form, the form must document the following:

 

(i) the date the roommate was asked if the roommate wants electronic monitoring to be conducted;

 

(ii) who was present when the roommate was asked;

 

(iii) an acknowledgment that the roommate did not affirmatively object; and

 

(iv) the source of authority allowing the resident representative to sign the notification and consent form on the roommate's behalf;

 

(3) the type of electronic monitoring device to be used;

 

(4) a list of standard conditions or restrictions that the resident or a roommate may elect to place on the use of the electronic monitoring device, including but not limited to:

 

(i) prohibiting audio recording;

 

(ii) prohibiting video recording;

 

(iii) prohibiting broadcasting of audio or video;

 

(iv) turning off the electronic monitoring device or blocking the visual recording component of the electronic monitoring device for the duration of an exam or procedure by a health care professional;

 

(v) turning off the electronic monitoring device or blocking the visual recording component of the electronic monitoring device while dressing or bathing is performed; and

 

(vi) turning off the electronic monitoring device for the duration of a visit with a spiritual adviser, ombudsman, attorney, financial planner, intimate partner, or other visitor;

 

(5) any other condition or restriction elected by the resident or roommate on the use of an electronic monitoring device;

 

(6) a statement of the circumstances under which a recording may be disseminated under subdivision 10;


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(7) a signature box for documenting that the resident or roommate has withdrawn consent; and

 

(8) an acknowledgment that the resident, in accordance with subdivision 3, consents to the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care and its representatives disclosing information about the form.  Disclosure under this clause shall be limited to:

 

(i) the fact that the form was received from the resident or resident representative;

 

(ii) if signed by a resident representative, the name of the resident representative and the source of authority allowing the resident representative to sign the notification and consent form on the resident's behalf; and

 

(iii) the type of electronic monitoring device placed.

 

(b) Facilities must make the notification and consent form available to the residents and inform residents of their option to conduct electronic monitoring of their rooms or private living unit.

 

(c) Notification and consent forms received by the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care are classified under section 256.9744.

 

Subd. 7.  Costs and installation.  (a) A resident or resident representative choosing to conduct electronic monitoring must do so at the resident's own expense, including paying purchase, installation, maintenance, and removal costs.

 

(b) If a resident chooses to place an electronic monitoring device that uses Internet technology for visual or audio monitoring, the resident may be responsible for contracting with an Internet service provider.

 

(c) The facility shall make a reasonable attempt to accommodate the resident's installation needs, including allowing access to the facility's public-use Internet or Wi-Fi systems when available for other public uses.  A facility has the burden of proving that a requested accommodation is not reasonable.

 

(d) All electronic monitoring device installations and supporting services must be UL-listed.

 

Subd. 8.  Notice to visitors.  (a) A facility must post a sign at each facility entrance accessible to visitors that states:  "Electronic monitoring devices, including security cameras and audio devices, may be present to record persons and activities."

 

(b) The facility is responsible for installing and maintaining the signage required in this subdivision. 

 

Subd. 9.  Obstruction of electronic monitoring devices.  (a) A person must not knowingly hamper, obstruct, tamper with, or destroy an electronic monitoring device placed in a resident's room or private living unit without the permission of the resident or resident representative.

 

(b) It is not a violation of paragraph (a) if a person turns off the electronic monitoring device or blocks the visual recording component of the electronic monitoring device at the direction of the resident or resident representative, or if consent has been withdrawn.

 

Subd. 10.  Dissemination of recordings.  (a) No person may access any video or audio recording created through authorized electronic monitoring without the written consent of the resident or resident representative.

 

(b) Except as required under other law, a recording or copy of a recording made as provided in this section may only be disseminated for the purpose of addressing health, safety, or welfare concerns of one or more residents.


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(c) A person disseminating a recording or copy of a recording made as provided in this section in violation of paragraph (b) may be civilly or criminally liable.

 

Subd. 11.  Admissibility of evidence.  Subject to applicable rules of evidence and procedure, any video or audio recording created through electronic monitoring under this section may be admitted into evidence in a civil, criminal, or administrative proceeding.

 

Subd. 12.  Liability.  (a) For the purposes of state law, the mere presence of an electronic monitoring device in a resident's room or private living unit is not a violation of the resident's right to privacy under section 144.651 or 144A.44.

 

(b) For the purposes of state law, a facility or home care provider is not civilly or criminally liable for the mere disclosure by a resident or a resident representative of a recording.

 

Subd. 13.  Immunity from liability.  The Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care and representatives of the office are immune from liability for conduct described in section 256.9742, subdivision 2.

 

Subd. 14.  Resident protections.  (a) A facility must not:

 

(1) refuse to admit a potential resident or remove a resident because the facility disagrees with the decision of the potential resident, the resident, or a resident representative acting on behalf of the resident regarding electronic monitoring;

 

(2) retaliate or discriminate against any resident for consenting or refusing to consent to electronic monitoring, as provided in section 144.6512, 144G.07, or 144J.03; or

 

(3) prevent the placement or use of an electronic monitoring device by a resident who has provided the facility or the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care with notice and consent as required under this section.

 

(b) Any contractual provision prohibiting, limiting, or otherwise modifying the rights and obligations in this section is contrary to public policy and is void and unenforceable.

 

Subd. 15.  Employee discipline.  (a) An employee of the facility or an employee of a contractor providing services at the facility who is the subject of proposed corrective or disciplinary action based upon evidence obtained by electronic monitoring must be given access to that evidence for purposes of defending against the proposed action.

 

(b) An employee who obtains a recording or a copy of the recording must treat the recording or copy confidentially and must not further disseminate it to any other person except as required under law.  Any copy of the recording must be returned to the facility or resident who provided the copy when it is no longer needed for purposes of defending against a proposed action. 

 

Subd. 16.  Penalties.  (a) The commissioner may issue a correction order as provided under section 144A.10, 144A.45, or 144A.474, upon a finding that the facility has failed to comply with:

 

(1) subdivision 5, paragraphs (c) to (f);

 

(2) subdivision 6, paragraph (b);


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(3) subdivision 7, paragraph (c); or

 

(4) subdivision 8, 9, 10, or 14.

 

(b) The commissioner may exercise the commissioner's authority under section 144D.05 to compel a housing with services establishment to meet the requirements of this section.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2019, and applies to all contracts in effect, entered into, or renewed on or after that date.

 

Sec. 9.  [144J.06] NO DISCRIMINATION BASED ON SOURCE OF PAYMENT.

 

All facilities must, regardless of the source of payment and for all persons seeking to reside or residing in the facility:

 

(1) provide equal access to quality care; and

 

(2) establish, maintain, and implement identical policies and practices regarding residency, transfer, and provision and termination of services.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 10.  [144J.07] CONSUMER ADVOCACY AND LEGAL SERVICES.

 

Upon execution of an assisted living contract, every facility must provide the resident and the resident's legal and designated representatives with the names and contact information, including telephone numbers and e­mail addresses, of:

 

(1) nonprofit organizations that provide advocacy or legal services to residents including but not limited to the designated protection and advocacy organization in Minnesota that provides advice and representation to individuals with disabilities; and

 

(2) the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care, including both the state and regional contact information.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 11.  [144J.08] INVOLUNTARY DISCHARGES AND SERVICE TERMINATIONS.

 

Subdivision 1.  Definitions.  (a) For the purposes of this section and sections 144J.09 and 144J.10, the following terms have the meanings given them.

 

(b) "Facility" means:

 

(1) a housing with services establishment registered under section 144D.02 and operating under title protection provided under chapter 144G; or

 

(2) on or after August 1, 2021, an assisted living facility.

 

(c) "Refusal to readmit" means a refusal by an assisted living facility, upon a request from a resident or an agent of the resident, to allow the resident to return to the facility, whether or not a notice of termination of housing or services has been issued.


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(d) "Termination of housing or services" or "termination" means an involuntary facility-initiated discharge, eviction, transfer, or service termination not initiated at the oral or written request of the resident or to which the resident objects.

 

Subd. 2.  Prerequisite to termination of housing or services.  Before issuing a notice of termination, a facility must explain in person and in detail the reasons for the termination, and must convene a conference with the resident, the resident's legal representatives, the resident's designated representative, the resident's family, applicable state and social services agencies, and relevant health professionals to identify and offer reasonable accommodations and modifications, interventions, or alternatives to avoid the termination.

 

Subd. 3.  Permissible reasons to terminate housing or services.  (a) A facility is prohibited from terminating housing or services for grounds other than those specified in paragraphs (b) and (c).  A facility initiating a termination under paragraph (b) or (c) must comply with subdivision 2.

 

(b) A facility may not initiate a termination unless the termination is necessary and the facility produces a written determination, supported by documentation, of the necessity of the termination.  A termination is necessary only if:

 

(1) the resident has engaged in documented conduct that substantially interferes with the rights, health, or safety of other residents;

 

(2) the resident has committed any of the acts enumerated under section 504B.171 that substantially interfere with the rights, health, or safety of other residents; or

 

(3) the facility can demonstrate that the resident's needs exceed the scope of services for which the resident contracted or which are included in the resident's service plan.

 

(c) A facility may initiate a termination for nonpayment, provided the facility:

 

(1) makes reasonable efforts to accommodate temporary financial hardship;

 

(2) informs the resident of private subsidies and public benefits options that may be available, including but not limited to benefits available under sections 256B.0915 and 256B.49; and

 

(3) if the resident applies for public benefits, timely responds to state or county agency questions regarding the application.

 

(d) A facility may not initiate a termination of housing or services to a resident receiving public benefits in the event of a temporary interruption in benefits.  A temporary interruption of benefits does not constitute nonpayment.

 

Subd. 4.  Notice of termination required.  (a) A facility initiating a termination of housing or services must issue a written notice that complies with subdivision 5 at least 30 days prior to the effective date of the termination to the resident, to the resident's legal representative and designated representative, or if none, to a family member if known, and to the Ombudsman for Long-Term Care.

 

(b) A facility may relocate a resident with less than 30 days' notice only in the event of emergencies, as provided in subdivision 6.

 

(c) The notice requirements in paragraph (a) do not apply if the facility's license is restricted by the commissioner or the facility ceases operations.  In the event of a license restriction or cessation of operations, the facility must follow the commissioner's directions for resident relocations contained in section 144J.10.


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Subd. 5.  Content of notice.  The notice required under subdivision 4 must contain, at a minimum:

 

(1) the effective date of the termination;

 

(2) a detailed explanation of the basis for the termination, including, but not limited to, clinical or other supporting rationale;

 

(3) contact information for, and a statement that the resident has the right to appeal the termination to, the Office of Administrative Hearings;

 

(4) contact information for the Ombudsman for Long-Term Care;

 

(5) the name and contact information of a person employed by the facility with whom the resident may discuss the notice of termination of housing or services;

 

(6) if the termination is for services, a statement that the notice of termination of services does not constitute a termination of housing or an eviction from the resident's home, and that the resident has the right to remain in the facility if the resident can secure necessary services from another provider of the resident's choosing; and

 

(7) if the resident must relocate:

 

(i) a statement that the facility must actively participate in a coordinated transfer of the resident's care to a safe and appropriate service provider; and

 

(ii) the name of and contact information for the new location or provider, or a statement that the location or provider must be identified prior to the effective date of the termination.

 

Subd. 6.  Exception for emergencies.  (a) A facility may relocate a resident from a facility with less than 30 days' notice if relocation is required:

 

(1) due to a resident's urgent medical needs and is ordered by a licensed health care professional; or

 

(2) because of an imminent risk to the health or safety of another resident or a staff member of the facility.

 

(b) A facility relocating a resident under this subdivision must:

 

(1) remove the resident to an appropriate location.  A private home where the occupant is unwilling or unable to care for the resident, a homeless shelter, a hotel, or a motel is not an appropriate location; and

 

(2) provide notice of the contact information for and location to which the resident has been relocated, contact information for any new service provider and for the Ombudsman for Long-Term Care, the reason for the relocation, a statement that, if the resident is refused readmission to the facility, the resident has the right to appeal any refusal to readmit to the Office of Administrative Hearings, and, if ascertainable, the approximate date or range of dates when the resident is expected to return to the facility or a statement that such date is not currently ascertainable, to:

 

(i) the resident, the resident's legal representative and designated representative, or if none, a family member if known immediately upon relocation of the resident; and

 

(ii) the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care as soon as practicable if the resident has been relocated from the facility for more than 48 hours.


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(c) The resident has the right to return to the facility if the conditions under paragraph (a) no longer exist.

 

(d) If the facility determines that the resident cannot return to the facility or the facility cannot provide the necessary services to the resident upon return, the facility must as soon as practicable but in no event later than 24 hours after the refusal or determination, comply with subdivision 4, and section 144J.10.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  (a) This section is effective August 1, 2019, and expires July 31, 2021, for housing with services establishments registered under section 144D.02 and operating under title protection provided by and subject to chapter 144G.

 

(b) This section is effective for assisted living facilities August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 12.  [144J.09] APPEAL OF TERMINATION OF HOUSING OR SERVICES.

 

Subdivision 1.  Right to appeal termination of housing or services.  A resident, the resident's legal representative or designated representative, or a family member, has the right to appeal a termination of housing or services or a facility's refusal to readmit the resident after an emergency relocation and to request a contested case hearing with the Office of Administrative Hearings.

 

Subd. 2.  Appeals process.  (a) An appeal and request for a contested case hearing must be filed in writing or electronically as authorized by the chief administrative law judge.

 

(b) The Office of Administrative Hearings must conduct an expedited hearing as soon as practicable, and in any event no later than 14 calendar days after the office receives the request and within three business days in the event of an appeal of a refusal to readmit.  The hearing must be held at the facility where the resident lives, unless it is impractical or the parties agree to a different place.  The hearing is not a formal evidentiary hearing.  The hearing may also be attended by telephone as allowed by the administrative law judge, after considering how a telephonic hearing will affect the resident's ability to participate.  The hearing shall be limited to the amount of time necessary for the participants to expeditiously present the facts about the proposed termination or refusal to readmit.  The administrative law judge shall issue a recommendation to the commissioner as soon as practicable, and in any event no later than ten calendar days after the hearing or within two calendar days after the hearing in the case of a refusal to readmit.

 

(c) The facility bears the burden of proof to establish by a preponderance of the evidence that the termination of housing or services or the refusal to readmit is permissible under law and does not constitute retaliation under section 144G.07 or 144J.03.

 

(d) Appeals from final determinations issued by the Office of Administrative Hearings shall be as provided in sections 14.63 to 14.68.

 

(e) The Office of Administrative Hearings must grant the appeal and the commissioner of health may order the assisted living facility to rescind the termination of housing and services or readmit the resident if:

 

(1) the termination or refusal to readmit was in violation of state or federal law;

 

(2) the resident cures or demonstrates the ability to cure the reason for the termination or refusal to readmit, or has identified any reasonable accommodation or modification, intervention, or alternative to the termination;

 

(3) termination would result in great harm or potential great harm to the resident as determined by a totality of the circumstances; or


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(4) the facility has failed to identify a safe and appropriate location to which the resident is to be relocated as required under section 144J.10.

 

(f) The Office of Administrative Hearings has the authority to make any other determinations or orders regarding any conditions that may be placed upon the resident's readmission or continued residency, including but not limited to changes to the service plan or required increases in services.

 

(g) Nothing in this section limits the right of a resident or the resident's designated representative to request or receive assistance from the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care and the protection and advocacy agency protection and advocacy system designated by the state under Code of Federal Regulations, title 45, section 1326.21, concerning the termination of housing or services.

 

Subd. 3.  Representation at the hearing.  Parties may, but are not required to, be represented by counsel at a contested case hearing on an appeal.  The appearance of a party without counsel does not constitute the unauthorized practice of law.

 

Subd. 4.  Service provision while appeal pending.  Housing or services may not be terminated during the pendency of an appeal and until a final determination is made by the Office of Administrative Hearings.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  (a) This section is effective August 1, 2019, and expires July 31, 2021, for housing with services establishments registered under section 144D.02 and operating under title protection provided by and subject to chapter 144G.

 

(b) This section is effective for assisted living facilities August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 13.  [144J.10] HOUSING AND SERVICE TERMINATION; RELOCATION PLANNING.

 

Subdivision 1.  Duties of the facility.  If a facility terminates housing or services, if a facility intends to cease operations, or if a facility's license is restricted by the commissioner requiring termination of housing or services to residents, the facility:

 

(1) in the event of a termination of housing, has an affirmative duty to ensure a coordinated and orderly transfer of the resident to a safe location that is appropriate for the resident.  The facility must identify that location prior to any appeal hearing;

 

(2) in the event of a termination of services, has an affirmative duty to ensure a coordinated and orderly transfer of the resident to an appropriate service provider, if services are still needed and desired by the resident.  The facility must identify the provider prior to any appeal hearing; and

 

(3) must consult and cooperate with the resident; the resident's legal representatives, designated representative, and family members; any interested professionals, including case managers; and applicable agencies to consider the resident's goals and make arrangements to relocate the resident.

 

Subd. 2.  Safe location.  A safe location is not a private home where the occupant is unwilling or unable to care for the resident, a homeless shelter, a hotel, or a motel.  A facility may not terminate a resident's housing or services if the resident will, as a result of the termination, become homeless, as that term is defined in section 116L.361, subdivision 5, or if an adequate and safe discharge location or adequate and needed service provider has not been identified.

 

Subd. 3.  Written relocation plan required.  The facility must prepare a written relocation plan for a resident being relocated.  The plan must:


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(1) contain all the necessary steps to be taken to reduce transfer trauma; and

 

(2) specify the measures needed until relocation that protect the resident and meet the resident's health and safety needs.

 

Subd. 4.  No relocation without receiving setting accepting.  A facility may not relocate the resident unless the place to which the resident will be relocated indicates acceptance of the resident.

 

Subd. 5.  No termination of services without another provider.  If a resident continues to need and desire the services provided by the facility, the facility may not terminate services unless another service provider has indicated that it will provide those services.

 

Subd. 6.  Information that must be conveyed.  If a resident is relocated to another facility or to a nursing home, or if care is transferred to another provider, the facility must timely convey to that facility, nursing home, or provider:

 

(1) the resident's full name, date of birth, and insurance information;

 

(2) the name, telephone number, and address of the resident's designated representatives and legal representatives, if any;

 

(3) the resident's current documented diagnoses that are relevant to the services being provided;

 

(4) the resident's known allergies that are relevant to the services being provided;

 

(5) the name and telephone number of the resident's physician, if known, and the current physician orders that are relevant to the services being provided;

 

(6) all medication administration records that are relevant to the services being provided;

 

(7) the most recent resident assessment, if relevant to the services being provided; and

 

(8) copies of health care directives, "do not resuscitate" orders, and any guardianship orders or powers of attorney.

 

Subd. 7.  Final accounting; return of money and property.  (a) Within 30 days of the effective date of the termination of housing or services, the facility must:

 

(1) provide to the resident, resident's legal representatives, and the resident's designated representative a final statement of account;

 

(2) provide any refunds due;

 

(3) return any money, property, or valuables held in trust or custody by the facility; and

 

(4) as required under section 504B.178, refund the resident's security deposit unless it is applied to the first month's charges.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  (a) This section is effective August 1, 2019, and expires July 31, 2021, for housing with services establishments registered under section 144D.02 and operating under title protection provided by and subject to chapter 144G.


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(b) This section is effective for assisted living facilities August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 14.  [144J.11] FORCED ARBITRATION.

 

(a) An assisted living facility must affirmatively disclose, orally and conspicuously in writing in an assisted living contract, any arbitration provision in the contract that precludes, limits, or delays the ability of a resident from taking a civil action.

 

(b) A forced arbitration requirement must not include a choice of law or choice of venue provision.  Assisted living contracts must adhere to Minnesota law and any other applicable federal or local law.  Any civil actions by any litigant must be taken in Minnesota judicial or administrative courts.

 

(c) A forced arbitration provision must not be unconscionable.  All or the portion of a forced arbitration provision found by a court to be unconscionable shall have no effect on the remaining provisions, terms, or conditions of the contract.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2019, for contracts entered into on or after that date.

 

Sec. 15.  [144J.12] VIOLATION OF RIGHTS.

 

(a) A resident who meets the criteria under section 325F.71, subdivision 1, has a cause of action under section 325F.71, subdivision 4, for the violation of section 144J.02, subdivision 8, 15, or 21, or section 144J.04.

 

(b) A resident who meets the criteria under section 325F.71, subdivision 1, has a cause of action under section 325F.71, subdivision 4, for the violation of section 144J.03, unless the resident otherwise has a cause of action under section 626.557, subdivision 17.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 16.  [144J.13] APPLICABILITY OF OTHER LAWS.

 

Assisted living facilities:

 

(1) are subject to and must comply with chapter 504B;

 

(2) must comply with section 325F.72; and

 

(3) are not required to obtain a lodging license under chapter 157 and related rules.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 17.  Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 325F.72, subdivision 4, is amended to read:

 

Subd. 4.  Remedy.  The attorney general may seek the remedies set forth in section 8.31 for repeated and intentional violations of this section.  However, no private right of action may be maintained as provided under section 8.31, subdivision 3a.

 

ARTICLE 2

INDEPENDENT SENIOR LIVING FACILITIES

 

Section 1.  [144K.01] DEFINITIONS.

 

Subdivision 1.  Applicability.  For the purposes of this chapter, the definitions in this section have the meanings given.


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Subd. 2.  Dementia.  "Dementia" has the meaning given in section 144I.01, subdivision 16.

 

Subd. 3.  Designated representative.  "Designated representative" means a person designated in writing by the resident in a residency and services contract and identified in the resident's records on file with the independent senior living facility.

 

Subd. 4.  Facility.  "Facility" means an independent senior living facility.

 

Subd. 5.  "I'm okay" check services.  ""I'm okay" check services" means having, maintaining, and documenting a system to, by any means, check on the health, safety, and well-being of a resident a minimum of once daily or more frequently according to the residency and services contract.

 

Subd. 6.  Independent senior living facility.  "Independent senior living facility" means a facility that for a fee provides sleeping accommodations to one or more adults and offers or provides one or more supportive services directly or through a related supportive services provider.  An independent senior living facility may also provide "I'm okay" check services directly or through a related supportive services provider.  For purposes of this chapter, independent senior living facility does not include:

 

(1) emergency shelter, transitional housing, or any other residential units serving exclusively or primarily homeless individuals, as defined under section 116L.361;

 

(2) a nursing home licensed under chapter 144A;

 

(3) a hospital, certified boarding care home, or supervised living facility licensed under sections 144.50 to 144.56;

 

(4) a lodging establishment licensed under chapter 157 and Minnesota Rules, parts 9520.0500 to 9520.0670, or under chapter 245D or 245G;

 

(5) a lodging establishment serving as a shelter for individuals fleeing domestic violence;

 

(6) services and residential settings licensed under chapter 245A, including adult foster care and services and settings governed under the standards in chapter 245D;

 

(7) private homes where the residents own or rent the home and control all aspects of the property and building;

 

(8) a duly organized condominium, cooperative, and common interest community, or owners' association of the condominium, cooperative, and common interest community where at least 80 percent of the units that comprise the condominium, cooperative, or common interest community are occupied by individuals who are the owners, members, or shareholders of the units;

 

(9) temporary family health care dwellings as defined in sections 394.307 and 462.3593;

 

(10) settings offering services conducted by and for the adherents of any recognized church or religious denomination for its members through spiritual means or by prayer for healing;

 

(11) housing financed pursuant to sections 462A.37 and 462A.375, units financed with low-income housing tax credits pursuant to United States Code, title 26, section 42, and units financed by the Minnesota Housing Finance Agency that are intended to serve individuals with disabilities or individuals who are homeless;

 

(12) rental housing developed under United States Code, title 42, section 1437, or United States Code, title 12, section 1701q;


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(13) rental housing designated for occupancy by only elderly or elderly and disabled residents under United States Code, title 42, section 1437e, or rental housing for qualifying families under Code of Federal Regulations, title 24, section 983.56;

 

(14) rental housing funded under United States Code, title 42, chapter 89, or United States Code, title 42, section 8011; or

 

(15) an assisted living facility or assisted living facility with dementia care licensed under chapter 144I.

 

Subd. 7.  Manager.  "Manager" means a manager of an independent senior living facility.

 

Subd. 8.  Residency and services contract or contract.  "Residency and services contract" or "contract" means the legal agreement between an independent senior living facility and a resident for the provision of housing, supportive services, and "I'm okay" check services.

 

Subd. 9.  Related supportive services provider.  "Related supportive services provider" means a service provider that provides supportive services or "I'm okay" check services to a resident under a business relationship or other affiliation with the independent senior living facility.

 

Subd. 10.  Resident.  "Resident" means a person residing in an independent senior living facility.

 

Subd. 11.  Supportive services.  "Supportive services" means:

 

(1) assistance with laundry, shopping, and household chores;

 

(2) housekeeping services;

 

(3) provision of meals or assistance with meals or food preparation;

 

(4) help with arranging, or arranging transportation to, medical, social, recreational, personal, or social services appointments; or

 

(5) provision of social or recreational services.

 

Arranging for services does not include making referrals or contacting a service provider in an emergency.

 

Sec. 2.  [144K.02] DECEPTIVE MARKETING AND BUSINESS PRACTICES PROHIBITED.

 

(a) No employee or agent of any independent senior living facility may make any false, fraudulent, deceptive, or misleading statements or representations or material omissions in marketing, advertising, or any other description or representation of care or services.

 

(b) No residency and services contract required under section 144K.03, subdivision 1, may include any provision that the facility knows or should know to be deceptive, unlawful, or unenforceable under state or federal law.

 

(c) No facility may advertise or represent that the facility is an assisted living facility as defined in section 144I.01, subdivision 7, or an assisted living facility with dementia care as defined in section 144I.01, subdivision 8.


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Sec. 3.  [144K.025] REQUIRED DISCLOSURE BY FACILITY.

 

An independent senior living facility must disclose to prospective residents and residents that the facility is not licensed as an assisted living facility and is not permitted to provide assisted living services, as defined in section 144I.01, subdivision 9, either directly or through a provider under a business relationship or other affiliation with the facility.

 

Sec. 4.  [144K.03] RESIDENCY AND SERVICES CONTRACT.

 

Subdivision 1.  Contract required.  (a) No independent senior living facility may operate in this state unless a written contract that meets the requirements of subdivision 2 is executed between the facility and each resident and unless the establishment operates in accordance with the terms of the contract.

 

(b) The facility must give a complete copy of any signed contract and any addendums, and all supporting documents and attachments, to the resident promptly after a contract and any addendums have been signed by the resident.

 

(c) The contract must contain all the terms concerning the provision of housing, supportive services, and "I'm okay" check services whether the services are provided directly or through a related supportive services provider.

 

Subd. 2.  Contents of contract.  A residency and services contract must include at least the following elements in itself or through supporting documents or attachments:

 

(1) the name, telephone number, and physical mailing address, which may not be a public or private post office box, of:

 

(i) the facility and, where applicable, the related supportive services provider;

 

(ii) the managing agent of the facility, if applicable; and

 

(iii) at least one natural person who is authorized to accept service of process on behalf of the facility;

 

(2) the term of the contract;

 

(3) a description of all the terms and conditions of the contract, including a description of the services to be provided and any limitations to the services provided to the resident for the contracted amount;

 

(4) a delineation of the grounds under which the resident may be evicted or have services terminated;

 

(5) billing and payment procedures and requirements;

 

(6) a statement regarding the ability of a resident to receive services from service providers with whom the facility does not have a business relationship;

 

(7) a description of the facility's complaint resolution process available to residents, including the name and contact information of the person representing the facility who is designated to handle and resolve complaints;

 

(8) the toll-free complaint line for the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care; and

 

(9) a statement regarding the availability of and contact information for long-term care consultation services under section 256B.0911 in the county in which the facility is located.


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Subd. 3.  Designation of representative.  (a) Before or at the time of execution of a residency and services contract, every facility must offer the resident the opportunity to identify a designated representative in writing in the contract and provide the following verbatim notice on a document separate from the contract:

 

RIGHT TO DESIGNATE A REPRESENTATIVE FOR CERTAIN PURPOSES.

 

You have the right to name anyone as your "Designated Representative" to assist you or, if you are unable, advocate on your behalf.  A "Designated Representative" does not take the place of your guardian, conservator, power of attorney ("attorney-in-fact"), or health care power of attorney ("health care agent").

 

(b) The contract must contain a page or space for the name and contact information of the designated representative and a box the resident must initial if the resident declines to name a designated representative.  Notwithstanding subdivision 5, the resident has the right at any time to add or change the name and contact information of the designated representative.

 

Subd. 4.  Contracts are consumer contracts.  A contract under this section is a consumer contract under sections 325G.29 to 325G.37.

 

Subd. 5.  Additions and amendments to contract.  The resident must agree in writing to any additions or amendments to the contract.  Upon agreement between the resident or resident's designated representative and the facility, a new contract or an addendum to the existing contract must be executed and signed and provided to the resident and the resident's legal representative.

 

Subd. 6.  Contracts in permanent files.  Residency and services contracts and related documents executed by each resident must be maintained by the facility in files from the date of execution until three years after the contract is terminated.

 

Subd. 7.  Waivers of liability prohibited.  The contract must not include a waiver of facility liability for the health and safety or personal property of a resident.  The contract must not include any provision that the facility knows or should know to be deceptive, unlawful, or unenforceable under state or federal law, and must not include any provision that requires or implies a lesser standard of responsibility than is required by law.

 

Sec. 5.  [144K.04] TERMINATION OF RESIDENCY AND SERVICES CONTRACT.

 

Subdivision 1.  Notice required.  An independent senior living facility must provide at least 30 days prior notice of a termination of the residency and services contract.

 

Subd. 2.  Content of notice.  The notice required under subdivision 1 must contain, at a minimum:

 

(1) the effective date of termination of the contract;

 

(2) a detailed explanation of the basis for the termination;

 

(3) a list of known facilities in the immediate geographic area;

 

(4) information on how to contact the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care and the Ombudsman for Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities;

 

(6) a statement of any steps the resident can take to avoid termination;


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(7) the name and contact information of a person employed by the facility with whom the resident may discuss the notice of termination and, without extending the termination notice period, an affirmative offer to meet with the resident and any person or persons of the resident's choosing to discuss the termination;

 

(8) a statement that, with respect to the notice of termination, reasonable accommodation is available for a resident with a disability; and

 

(9) an explanation that:

 

(i) the resident must vacate the apartment, along with all personal possessions, on or before the effective date of termination;

 

(ii) failure to vacate the apartment by the date of termination may result in the filing of an eviction action in court by the facility, and that the resident may present a defense, if any, to the court at that time; and

 

(iii) the resident may seek legal counsel in connection with the notice of termination.

 

Sec. 6.  [144K.05] MANAGER REQUIREMENTS.

 

(a) The manager of an independent senior living facility must obtain at least 30 hours of continuing education every two years of employment as the manager in topics relevant to the operations of the facility and the needs of its residents.  Continuing education earned to maintain a professional license, such as a nursing home administrator license, nursing license, social worker license, or real estate license, may be used to satisfy this requirement.  The continuing education must include at least four hours of documented training on dementia and related disorders, activities of daily living, problem solving with challenging behaviors, and communication skills within 160 working hours of hire and two hours of training on these topics for each 12 months of employment thereafter.

 

(b) The facility must maintain records for at least three years demonstrating that the manager has attended educational programs as required by this section.  New managers may satisfy the initial dementia training requirements by producing written proof of having previously completed required training within the past 18 months.

 

Sec. 7.  [144K.06] FIRE PROTECTION AND PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT.

 

Subdivision 1.  Comprehensive fire protection system required.  Every independent senior living facility must have a comprehensive fire protection system that includes:

 

(1) protection throughout the facility by an approved supervised automatic sprinkler system according to building code requirements established in Minnesota Rules, part 1305.0903, or smoke detectors in each occupied room installed and maintained in accordance with the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Standard 72;

 

(2) portable fire extinguishers installed and tested in accordance with the NFPA Standard 10; and

 

(3) the physical environment, including walls, floors, ceiling, all furnishings, grounds, systems, and equipment kept in a continuous state of good repair and operation with regard to the health, safety, comfort, and well-being of the residents in accordance with a maintenance and repair program.

 

Subd. 2.  Fire drills.  Fire drills shall be conducted in accordance with the residential board and care requirements in the Life Safety Code.


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Sec. 8.  [144K.07] EMERGENCY PLANNING.

 

Subdivision 1.  Requirements.  Each independent senior living facility must meet the following requirements:

 

(1) have a written emergency disaster plan that contains a plan for evacuation, addresses elements of sheltering in-place, identifies temporary relocation sites, and details staff assignments in the event of a disaster or an emergency;

 

(2) post an emergency disaster plan prominently;

 

(3) provide building emergency exit diagrams to all residents upon signing a residency and services contract;

 

(4) post emergency exit diagrams on each floor; and

 

(5) have a written policy and procedure regarding missing residents.

 

Subd. 2.  Emergency and disaster training.  Each independent senior living facility must provide emergency and disaster training to all staff during the initial staff orientation and annually thereafter and must make emergency and disaster training available to all residents annually.  Staff who have not received emergency and disaster training are allowed to work only when trained staff are also working on site.

 

Sec. 9.  [144K.08] OTHER LAWS.

 

An independent senior living facility must comply with chapter 504B and must obtain and maintain all other licenses, permits, registrations, or other governmental approvals required of it.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 10.  [144K.09] ENFORCEMENT.

 

(a) A violation of this chapter constitutes a violation of section 325F.69, subdivision 1.  The attorney general may enforce this section using the remedies in section 325F.70.

 

(b) A resident who meets the criteria in section 325F.71, subdivision 1, has a cause of action under section 325F.71, subdivision 4, for a violation of this chapter.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

ARTICLE 3

ASSISTED LIVING LICENSURE

 

Section 1.  Minnesota Statutes 2018, section 144.122, is amended to read:

 

144.122 LICENSE, PERMIT, AND SURVEY FEES.

 

(a) The state commissioner of health, by rule, may prescribe procedures and fees for filing with the commissioner as prescribed by statute and for the issuance of original and renewal permits, licenses, registrations, and certifications issued under authority of the commissioner.  The expiration dates of the various licenses, permits, registrations, and certifications as prescribed by the rules shall be plainly marked thereon.  Fees may include application and examination fees and a penalty fee for renewal applications submitted after the expiration date of the previously issued permit, license, registration, and certification.  The commissioner may also prescribe, by rule,


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reduced fees for permits, licenses, registrations, and certifications when the application therefor is submitted during the last three months of the permit, license, registration, or certification period.  Fees proposed to be prescribed in the rules shall be first approved by the Department of Management and Budget.  All fees proposed to be prescribed in rules shall be reasonable.  The fees shall be in an amount so that the total fees collected by the commissioner will, where practical, approximate the cost to the commissioner in administering the program.  All fees collected shall be deposited in the state treasury and credited to the state government special revenue fund unless otherwise specifically appropriated by law for specific purposes.

 

(b) The commissioner may charge a fee for voluntary certification of medical laboratories and environmental laboratories, and for environmental and medical laboratory services provided by the department, without complying with paragraph (a) or chapter 14.  Fees charged for environment and medical laboratory services provided by the department must be approximately equal to the costs of providing the services.

 

(c) The commissioner may develop a schedule of fees for diagnostic evaluations conducted at clinics held by the services for children with disabilities program.  All receipts generated by the program are annually appropriated to the commissioner for use in the maternal and child health program.

 

(d) The commissioner shall set license fees for hospitals and nursing homes that are not boarding care homes at the following levels:

 

Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) and American Osteopathic Association (AOA) hospitals

 

 

$7,655 plus $16 per bed

Non-JCAHO and non-AOA hospitals

$5,280 plus $250 per bed

Nursing home

$183 plus $91 per bed until June 30, 2018.  $183 plus $100 per bed between July 1, 2018, and June 30, 2020.  $183 plus $105 per bed beginning July 1, 2020. 

 

The commissioner shall set license fees for outpatient surgical centers, boarding care homes, and supervised living facilities, assisted living facilities, and assisted living facilities with dementia care at the following levels:

 

Outpatient surgical centers

$3,712

Boarding care homes

$183 plus $91 per bed

Supervised living facilities

$183 plus $91 per bed. 

Assisted living facilities with dementia care

$ ....... plus $ ....... per bed. 

Assisted living facilities

$ ....... plus $ ....... per bed. 

 

Fees collected under this paragraph are nonrefundable.  The fees are nonrefundable even if received before July 1, 2017, for licenses or registrations being issued effective July 1, 2017, or later.

 

(e) Unless prohibited by federal law, the commissioner of health shall charge applicants the following fees to cover the cost of any initial certification surveys required to determine a provider's eligibility to participate in the Medicare or Medicaid program:

 

Prospective payment surveys for hospitals

 

$900

Swing bed surveys for nursing homes

 

$1,200

Psychiatric hospitals

 

$1,400

Rural health facilities

 

$1,100

Portable x-ray providers

 

$500

Home health agencies

 

$1,800

Outpatient therapy agencies

 

$800


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End stage renal dialysis providers

 

$2,100

Independent therapists

 

$800

Comprehensive rehabilitation outpatient facilities

 

$1,200

Hospice providers

 

$1,700

Ambulatory surgical providers

 

$1,800

Hospitals

 

$4,200

Other provider categories or additional resurveys required to complete initial certification

Actual surveyor costs:  average surveyor cost x number of hours for the survey process. 

 

These fees shall be submitted at the time of the application for federal certification and shall not be refunded.  All fees collected after the date that the imposition of fees is not prohibited by federal law shall be deposited in the state treasury and credited to the state government special revenue fund.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 2.  [144I.01] DEFINITIONS.

 

Subdivision 1.  Applicability.  For the purposes of this chapter, the definitions in this section have the meanings given.

 

Subd. 2.  Adult.  "Adult" means a natural person who has attained the age of 18 years.

 

Subd. 3.  Advanced practice registered nurse.  "Advanced practice registered nurse" has the meaning given in section 148.171, subdivision 3.

 

Subd. 4.  Applicant.  "Applicant" means an individual, legal entity, or other organization that has applied for licensure under this chapter.

 

Subd. 5.  Assisted living contract.  "Assisted living contract" means the legal agreement between a resident and an assisted living facility for housing and, if applicable, assisted living services.

 

Subd. 6.  Assisted living director.  "Assisted living director" means a person who administers, manages, supervises, or is in general administrative charge of an assisted living facility, whether or not the individual has an ownership interest in the facility, and whether or not the person's functions or duties are shared with one or more individuals and who is licensed by the Board of Executives for Long Term Services and Supports pursuant to section 144A.20.

 

Subd. 7.  Assisted living facility.  "Assisted living facility" means a licensed facility that provides sleeping accommodations and assisted living services to one or more adults.  Assisted living facility includes assisted living facility with dementia care, and does not include:

 

(1) emergency shelter, transitional housing, or any other residential units serving exclusively or primarily homeless individuals, as defined under section 116L.361;

 

(2) a nursing home licensed under chapter 144A;

 

(3) a hospital, certified boarding care, or supervised living facility licensed under sections 144.50 to 144.56;

 

(4) a lodging establishment licensed under chapter 157 and Minnesota Rules, parts 9520.0500 to 9520.0670, or under chapter 245D or 245G;


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(5) services and residential settings licensed under chapter 245A, including adult foster care and services and settings governed under the standards in chapter 245D;

 

(6) a private home in which the residents are related by kinship, law, or affinity with the provider of services;

 

(7) a duly organized condominium, cooperative, and common interest community, or owners' association of the condominium, cooperative, and common interest community where at least 80 percent of the units that comprise the condominium, cooperative, or common interest community are occupied by individuals who are the owners, members, or shareholders of the units;

 

(8) a temporary family health care dwelling as defined in sections 394.307 and 462.3593;

 

(9) a setting offering services conducted by and for the adherents of any recognized church or religious denomination for its members exclusively through spiritual means or by prayer for healing;

 

(10) housing financed pursuant to sections 462A.37 and 462A.375, units financed with low-income housing tax credits pursuant to United States Code, title 26, section 42, and units financed by the Minnesota Housing Finance Agency that are intended to serve individuals with disabilities or individuals who are homeless, except for those developments that market or hold themselves out as assisted living facilities and provide assisted living services;

 

(11) rental housing developed under United States Code, title 42, section 1437, or United States Code, title 12, section 1701q;

 

(12) rental housing designated for occupancy by only elderly or elderly and disabled residents under United States Code, title 42, section 1437e, or rental housing for qualifying families under Code of Federal Regulations, title 24, section 983.56;

 

(13) rental housing funded under United States Code, title 42, chapter 89, or United States Code, title 42, section 8011; or

 

(14) an independent senior living facility governed by chapter 144K.

 

Subd. 8.  Assisted living facility with dementia care.  "Assisted living facility with dementia care" means a licensed assisted living facility that is advertised, marketed, or otherwise promoted as providing specialized care for individuals with Alzheimer's disease or other dementias.  An assisted living facility with a secured dementia care unit must be licensed as an assisted living facility with dementia care.

 

Subd. 9.  Assisted living services.  "Assisted living services" includes one or more of the following:

 

(1) assisting with dressing, self-feeding, oral hygiene, hair care, grooming, and bathing;

 

(2) providing standby assistance;

 

(3) providing verbal or visual reminders to the resident to take regularly scheduled medication, which includes bringing the resident previously set up medication, medication in original containers, or liquid or food to accompany the medication;

 

(4) providing verbal or visual reminders to the resident to perform regularly scheduled treatments and exercises;

 

(5) preparing modified diets ordered by a licensed health professional;


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(6) services of an advanced practice registered nurse, registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, physical therapist, respiratory therapist, occupational therapist, speech-language pathologist, dietitian or nutritionist, or social worker;

 

(7) tasks delegated to unlicensed personnel by a registered nurse or assigned by a licensed health professional within the person's scope of practice;

 

(8) medication management services;

 

(9) hands-on assistance with transfers and mobility;

 

(10) treatment and therapies;

 

(11) assisting residents with eating when the residents have complicated eating problems as identified in the resident record or through an assessment such as difficulty swallowing, recurrent lung aspirations, or requiring the use of a tube or parenteral or intravenous instruments to be fed;

 

(12) providing other complex or specialty health care services;

 

(13) "I'm okay" check services; and

 

(14) supportive services in addition to the provision of at least one of the services listed in clauses (1) to (12).

 

Subd. 10.  Authority having jurisdiction.  "Authority having jurisdiction" means an organization, office, or individual responsible for enforcing the requirements of a code or standard, or for approving equipment, materials, an installation, or a procedure.

 

Subd. 11.  Authorized agent.  "Authorized agent" means the person who is authorized to accept service of notices and orders on behalf of the licensee.

 

Subd. 12.  Change of ownership.  "Change of ownership" means a change in the licensee that is responsible for the management, control, and operation of a facility.

 

Subd. 13.  Commissioner.  "Commissioner" means the commissioner of health.

 

Subd. 14.  Controlled substance.  "Controlled substance" has the meaning given in section 152.01, subdivision 4.

 

Subd. 15.  Controlling individual.  (a) "Controlling individual" means an owner and the following individuals and entities, if applicable:

 

(1) each officer of the organization, including the chief executive officer and chief financial officer;

 

(2) each managerial official; and

 

(3) any entity with at least a five percent mortgage, deed of trust, or other security interest in the facility.

 

(b) Controlling individual does not include:

 

(1) a bank, savings bank, trust company, savings association, credit union, industrial loan and thrift company, investment banking firm, or insurance company unless the entity operates a program directly or through a subsidiary;

 

(2) government and government-sponsored entities such as the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Ginnie Mae, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and the Minnesota Housing Finance Agency which provide loans, financing, and insurance products for housing sites;


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(3) an individual who is a state or federal official, a state or federal employee, or a member or employee of the governing body of a political subdivision of the state or federal government that operates one or more facilities, unless the individual is also an officer, owner, or managerial official of the facility, receives remuneration from the facility, or owns any of the beneficial interests not excluded in this subdivision;

 

(4) an individual who owns less than five percent of the outstanding common shares of a corporation:

 

(i) whose securities are exempt under section 80A.45, clause (6); or

 

(ii) whose transactions are exempt under section 80A.46, clause (2);

 

(5) an individual who is a member of an organization exempt from taxation under section 290.05, unless the individual is also an officer, owner, or managerial official of the license or owns any of the beneficial interests not excluded in this subdivision.  This clause does not exclude from the definition of controlling individual an organization that is exempt from taxation; or

 

(6) an employee stock ownership plan trust, or a participant or board member of an employee stock ownership plan, unless the participant or board member is a controlling individual.

 

Subd. 16.  Dementia.  "Dementia" means the loss of cognitive function, including the ability to think, remember, problem solve, or reason, of sufficient severity to interfere with an individual's daily functioning.  Dementia is caused by different diseases and conditions, including but not limited to Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia, neurodegenerative conditions, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, and Huntington's disease.

 

Subd. 17.  Dementia care services.  "Dementia care services" means ongoing care for behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, including planned group and individual programming and person-centered care practices provided according to section 144I.40 to support activities of daily living for people living with dementia.

 

Subd. 18.  Dementia-trained staff.  "Dementia-trained staff" means any employee who has completed the minimum training required under sections 144I.21 and 144I.39 and has demonstrated knowledge and the ability to support individuals with dementia.

 

Subd. 19.  Designated representative.  "Designated representative" means a person designated in writing by the resident in an assisted living contract and identified in the resident record on file with the facility.

 

Subd. 20.  Dietary supplement.  "Dietary supplement" means a product taken by mouth that contains a dietary ingredient intended to supplement the diet.  Dietary ingredients may include vitamins, minerals, herbs or other botanicals, amino acids, and substances such as enzymes, organ tissue, glandulars, or metabolites.

 

Subd. 21.  Dietitian.  "Dietitian" means a person licensed as a dietitian under section 148.624.

 

Subd. 22.  Direct contact.  "Direct contact" means providing face-to-face care, training, supervision, counseling, consultation, or medication assistance to residents of a facility.

 

Subd. 23.  Direct ownership interest.  "Direct ownership interest" means an individual or organization with the possession of at least five percent equity in capital, stock, or profits of the licensee, or who is a member of a limited liability company of the licensee.

 

Subd. 24.  Facility.  "Facility" means an assisted living facility.


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Subd. 25.  Hands-on assistance.  "Hands-on assistance" means physical help by another person without which the resident is not able to perform the activity.

 

Subd. 26.  "I'm okay" check services.  ""I'm okay" check services" means having, maintaining, and documenting a system to, by any means, check on the health, safety, and well-being of a resident a minimum of once daily or more frequently according to the assisted living contract.

 

Subd. 27.  Indirect ownership interest.  "Indirect ownership interest" means an individual or legal entity with a direct ownership interest in an entity that has a direct or indirect ownership interest of at least five percent in an entity that is a licensee.

 

Subd. 28.  Legal representative.  "Legal representative" means one of the following in the order of priority listed, to the extent the person may reasonably be identified and located:

 

(1) a court-appointed guardian acting in accordance with the powers granted to the guardian under chapter 524;

 

(2) a conservator acting in accordance with the powers granted to the conservator under chapter 524;

 

(3) a health care agent acting in accordance with the powers granted to the health care agent under chapter 145C; or

 

(4) an attorney-in-fact acting in accordance with the powers granted to the attorney-in-fact by a written power of attorney under chapter 523.

 

Subd. 29.  Licensed health professional.  "Licensed health professional" means a person licensed in Minnesota to practice a profession described in section 214.01, subdivision 2.

 

Subd. 30.  Licensed practical nurse.  "Licensed practical nurse" has the meaning given in section 148.171, subdivision 8.

 

Subd. 31.  Licensed resident capacity.  "Licensed resident capacity" means the resident occupancy level requested by a licensee and approved by the commissioner.

 

Subd. 32.  Licensee.  "Licensee" means a person or legal entity to whom the commissioner issues a license for an assisted living facility and who is responsible for the management, control, and operation of a facility.

 

Subd. 33.  Maltreatment.  "Maltreatment" means conduct described in section 626.5572, subdivision 15.

 

Subd. 34.  Management agreement.  "Management agreement" means a written, executed agreement between a licensee and manager regarding the provision of certain services on behalf of the licensee.

 

Subd. 35.  Manager.  "Manager" means an individual or legal entity designated by the licensee through a management agreement to act on behalf of the licensee in the on-site management of the assisted living facility.

 

Subd. 36.  Managerial official.  "Managerial official" means an individual who has the decision-making authority related to the operation of the facility and the responsibility for the ongoing management or direction of the policies, services, or employees of the facility.

 

Subd. 37.  Medication.  "Medication" means a prescription or over-the-counter drug.  For purposes of this chapter only, medication includes dietary supplements.


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Subd. 38.  Medication administration.  "Medication administration" means performing a set of tasks that includes the following:

 

(1) checking the resident's medication record;

 

(2) preparing the medication as necessary;

 

(3) administering the medication to the resident;

 

(4) documenting the administration or reason for not administering the medication; and

 

(5) reporting to a registered nurse or appropriate licensed health professional any concerns about the medication, the resident, or the resident's refusal to take the medication.

 

Subd. 39.  Medication management.  "Medication management" means the provision of any of the following medication-related services to a resident:

 

(1) performing medication setup;

 

(2) administering medications;

 

(3) storing and securing medications;

 

(4) documenting medication activities;

 

(5) verifying and monitoring the effectiveness of systems to ensure safe handling and administration;

 

(6) coordinating refills;

 

(7) handling and implementing changes to prescriptions;

 

(8) communicating with the pharmacy about the resident's medications; and

 

(9) coordinating and communicating with the prescriber.

 

Subd. 40.  Medication reconciliation.  "Medication reconciliation" means the process of identifying the most accurate list of all medications the resident is taking, including the name, dosage, frequency, and route, by comparing the resident record to an external list of medications obtained from the resident, hospital, prescriber, or other provider.

 

Subd. 41.  Medication setup.  "Medication setup" means arranging medications by a nurse, pharmacy, or authorized prescriber for later administration by the resident or by facility staff.

 

Subd. 42.  New construction.  "New construction" means a new building, renovation, modification, reconstruction, physical changes altering the use of occupancy, or addition to a building.

 

Subd. 43.  Nurse.  "Nurse" means a person who is licensed under sections 148.171 to 148.285.

 

Subd. 44.  Nutritionist.  "Nutritionist" means a person licensed as a nutritionist under section 148.624.


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Subd. 45.  Occupational therapist.  "Occupational therapist" means a person who is licensed under sections 148.6401 to 148.6449.

 

Subd. 46.  Ombudsman.  "Ombudsman" means the ombudsman for long-term care.

 

Subd. 47.  Over-the-counter drug.  "Over-the-counter drug" means a drug that is not required by federal law to bear the symbol "Rx only."

 

Subd. 48.  Owner.  "Owner" means an individual or legal entity that has a direct or indirect ownership interest of five percent or more in a licensee.  For purposes of this chapter, "owner of a nonprofit corporation" means the president and treasurer of the board of directors or, for an entity owned by an employee stock ownership plan, means the president and treasurer of the entity.  A government entity that is issued a license under this chapter shall be designated the owner.

 

Subd. 49.  Person-centered planning and service delivery.  "Person-centered planning and service delivery" means services as defined in section 245D.07, subdivision 1a, paragraph (b).

 

Subd. 50.  Pharmacist.  "Pharmacist" has the meaning given in section 151.01, subdivision 3.

 

Subd. 51.  Physical therapist.  "Physical therapist" means a person who is licensed under sections 148.65 to 148.78.

 

Subd. 52.  Physician.  "Physician" means a person who is licensed under chapter 147.

 

Subd. 53.  Prescriber.  "Prescriber" means a person who is authorized by section 148.235; 151.01, subdivision 23; or 151.37 to prescribe prescription drugs.

 

Subd. 54.  Prescription.  "Prescription" has the meaning given in section 151.01, subdivision 16a.

 

Subd. 55.  Provisional license.  "Provisional license" means the initial license the commissioner issues after approval of a complete written application and before the commissioner completes the provisional license survey and determines that the provisional licensee is in substantial compliance.

 

Subd. 56.  Regularly scheduled.  "Regularly scheduled" means ordered or planned to be completed at predetermined times or according to a predetermined routine.

 

Subd. 57.  Reminder.  "Reminder" means providing a verbal or visual reminder to a resident.

 

Subd. 58.  Repeat violation.  "Repeat violation" means the issuance of two or more correction orders within a 12-month period for a violation of the same provision of a statute or rule.

 

Subd. 59.  Resident.  "Resident" means a person living in an assisted living facility who has executed an assisted living contract.

 

Subd. 60.  Resident record.  "Resident record" means all records that document information about the services provided to the resident.

 

Subd. 61.  Respiratory therapist.  "Respiratory therapist" means a person who is licensed under chapter 147C.

 

Subd. 62.  Secured dementia care unit.  "Secured dementia care unit" means a designated area or setting designed for individuals with dementia that is locked or secured to prevent a resident from exiting, or to limit a resident's ability to exit, the secured area or setting.  A secured dementia care unit is not solely an individual resident's living area.


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Subd. 63.  Service plan.  "Service plan" means the written plan between the resident or the resident's representative and the provisional licensee or licensee about the services that will be provided to the resident.

 

Subd. 64.  Social worker.  "Social worker" means a person who is licensed under chapter 148D or 148E.

 

Subd. 65.  Speech-language pathologist.  "Speech-language pathologist" has the meaning given in section 148.512, subdivision 17.

 

Subd. 66.  Standby assistance.  "Standby assistance" means the presence of another person within arm's reach to minimize the risk of injury while performing daily activities through physical intervention or cueing to assist a resident with an assistive task by providing cues, oversight, and minimal physical assistance.

 

Subd. 67.  Substantial compliance.  "Substantial compliance" means complying with the requirements in this chapter sufficiently to prevent unacceptable health or safety risks to residents.

 

Subd. 68.  Supportive services.  "Supportive services" means: 

 

(1) assistance with laundry, shopping, and household chores;

 

(2) housekeeping services;

 

(3) provision or assistance with meals or food preparation;

 

(4) help with arranging for, or arranging transportation to, medical, social, recreational, personal, or social services appointments; or

 

(5) provision of social or recreational services.

 

Arranging for services does not include making referrals, or contacting a service provider in an emergency.

 

Subd. 69.  Survey.  "Survey" means an inspection of a licensee or applicant for licensure for compliance with this chapter and applicable rules.

 

Subd. 70.  Surveyor.  "Surveyor" means a staff person of the department who is authorized to conduct surveys of assisted living facilities.

 

Subd. 71.  Termination of housing or services.  "Termination of housing or services" means a discharge, eviction, transfer, or service termination initiated by the facility.  A facility-initiated termination is one to which the resident objects and which did not originate through a resident's verbal or written request.  A resident-initiated termination is one where a resident or, if appropriate, a designated representative provided a verbal or written notice of intent to leave the facility.  A resident-initiated termination does not include the general expression of a desire to return home or the elopement of a resident with cognitive impairment.

 

Subd. 72.  Treatment or therapy.  "Treatment" or "therapy" means the provision of care, other than medications, ordered or prescribed by a licensed health professional and provided to a resident to cure, rehabilitate, or ease symptoms.

 

Subd. 73.  Unit of government.  "Unit of government" means a city, county, town, school district, other political subdivision of the state, or agency of the state or federal government, that includes any instrumentality of a unit of government.


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Subd. 74.  Unlicensed personnel.  "Unlicensed personnel" means individuals not otherwise licensed or certified by a governmental health board or agency who provide services to a resident.

 

Subd. 75.  Verbal.  "Verbal" means oral and not in writing.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 3.  [144I.02] ASSISTED LIVING FACILITY LICENSE.

 

Subdivision 1.  License required.  Beginning August 1, 2021, no assisted living facility may operate in Minnesota unless it is licensed under this chapter.  The licensee is legally responsible for the management, control, and operation of the facility, regardless of the existence of a management agreement or subcontract.  Nothing in this chapter shall in any way affect the rights and remedies available under other law.

 

Subd. 2.  Licensure categories.  (a) The categories in this subdivision are established for assisted living facility licensure.

 

(b) The assisted living facility category is for assisted living facilities that only provide assisted living services.

 

(c) The assisted living facility with dementia care category is for assisted living facilities that provide assisted living services and dementia care services.  An assisted living facility with dementia care may also provide dementia care services in a secured dementia care unit.

 

(d) An assisted living facility that has a secured dementia care unit must be licensed as an assisted living facility with dementia care.

 

Subd. 3.  Licensure under other law.  An assisted living facility licensed under this chapter is not required to also be licensed as a boarding establishment, food and beverage service establishment, hotel, motel, lodging establishment, resort, or restaurant under chapter 157.

 

Subd. 4.  Violations; penalty.  (a) Operating an assisted living facility without a license is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine imposed by the commissioner.

 

(b) A controlling individual of the facility in violation of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor.  This paragraph shall not apply to any controlling individual who had no legal authority to affect or change decisions related to the operation of the facility.

 

(c) The sanctions in this section do not restrict other available sanctions in law.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 4.  [144I.03] PROVISIONAL LICENSE.

 

Subdivision 1.  Provisional license.  Beginning August 1, 2021, for new assisted living facility license applicants, the commissioner shall issue a provisional license from one of the licensure categories specified in section 144I.02, subdivision 2.  A provisional license is effective for up to one year from the initial effective date of the license, except that a provisional license may be extended according to subdivision 2, paragraphs (c) and (d).

 

Subd. 2.  Initial survey; licensure.  (a) During the provisional license period, the commissioner shall survey the provisional licensee after the commissioner is notified or has evidence that the provisional licensee is providing assisted living services to at least one resident.


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(b) Within two days of beginning to provide assisted living services, the provisional licensee must provide notice to the commissioner that it is providing assisted living services by sending an e­mail to the e­mail address provided by the commissioner.  If the provisional licensee does not provide services during the provisional license period, the provisional license shall expire at the end of the period and the applicant must reapply.

 

(c) If the provisional licensee notifies the commissioner that the licensee is providing assisted living services within 45 calendar days prior to expiration of the provisional license, the commissioner may extend the provisional license for up to 60 calendar days in order to allow the commissioner to complete the on-site survey required under this section and follow-up survey visits.

 

(d) If the provisional licensee is in substantial compliance with the survey, the commissioner shall issue a facility license.  If the provisional licensee is not in substantial compliance with the initial survey, the commissioner shall either:  (1) not issue the facility license and terminate the provisional license; or (2) extend the provisional license for a period not to exceed 90 calendar days and apply conditions necessary to bring the facility into substantial compliance.  If the provisional licensee is not in substantial compliance with the survey within the time period of the extension or if the provisional licensee does not satisfy the license conditions, the commissioner may deny the license.

 

Subd. 3.  Reconsideration.  (a) If a provisional licensee whose assisted living facility license has been denied or extended with conditions disagrees with the conclusions of the commissioner, then the provisional licensee may request a reconsideration by the commissioner.  The reconsideration request process must be conducted internally by the commissioner and chapter 14 does not apply.

 

(b) The provisional licensee requesting the reconsideration must make the request in writing and must list and describe the reasons why the provisional licensee disagrees with the decision to deny the facility license or the decision to extend the provisional license with conditions.

 

(c) The reconsideration request and supporting documentation must be received by the commissioner within 15 calendar days after the date the provisional licensee receives the denial or provisional license with conditions.

 

Subd. 4.  Continued operation.  A provisional licensee whose license is denied is permitted to continue operating during the period of time when:

 

(1) a reconsideration is in process;

 

(2) an extension of the provisional license and terms associated with it is in active negotiation between the commissioner and the licensee and the commissioner confirms the negotiation is active; or

 

(3) a transfer of residents to a new facility is underway and not all of the residents have relocated.

 

Subd. 5.  Requirements for notice and transfer.  A provisional licensee whose license is denied must comply with the requirements for notification and transfer of residents in section 144J.08.

 

Subd. 6.  Fines.  The fee for failure to comply with the notification requirements in section 144J.08, subdivision 6, paragraph (b), is $1,000.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.


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Sec. 5.  [144I.04] APPLICATION FOR LICENSURE.

 

Subdivision 1.  License applications.  (a) Each application for an assisted living facility license, including provisional and renewal applications, must include information sufficient to show that the applicant meets the requirements of licensure, including:

 

(1) the business name and legal entity name of the licensee, and the street address and mailing address of the facility;

 

(2) the names, e­mail addresses, telephone numbers, and mailing addresses of all owners, controlling individuals, managerial officials, and the assisted living director;

 

(3) the name and e­mail address of the managing agent and manager, if applicable;

 

(4) the licensed resident capacity and the license category;

 

(5) the license fee in the amount specified in section 144.122;

 

(6) documentation of compliance with the background study requirements in section 144I.06 for the owner, controlling individuals, and managerial officials.  Each application for a new license must include documentation for the applicant and for each individual with five percent or more direct or indirect ownership in the applicant;

 

(7) evidence of workers' compensation coverage as required by sections 176.181 and 176.182;

 

(8) documentation that the facility has liability coverage;

 

(9) a copy of the executed lease agreement between the landlord and the licensee, if applicable;

 

(10) a copy of the management agreement, if applicable;

 

(11) a copy of the operations transfer agreement or similar agreement, if applicable;

 

(12) an organizational chart that identifies all organizations and individuals with an ownership interest in the licensee of five percent or greater and that specifies their relationship with the licensee and with each other;

 

(13) whether the applicant, owner, controlling individual, managerial official, or assisted living director of the facility has ever been convicted of:

 

(i) a crime or found civilly liable for a federal or state felony level offense that was detrimental to the best interests of the facility and its resident within the last ten years preceding submission of the license application.  Offenses include:  felony crimes against persons and other similar crimes for which the individual was convicted, including guilty pleas and adjudicated pretrial diversions; financial crimes such as extortion, embezzlement, income tax evasion,, insurance fraud, and other similar crimes for which the individual was convicted, including guilty pleas and adjudicated pretrial diversions; any felonies involving malpractice that resulted in a conviction of criminal neglect or misconduct; and any felonies that would result in a mandatory exclusion under section 1128(a) of the Social Security Act;.

 

(ii) any misdemeanor conviction, under federal or state law, related to:  the delivery of an item or service under Medicaid or a state health care program, or the abuse or neglect of a patient in connection with the delivery of a health care item or service;


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(iii) any misdemeanor conviction, under federal or state law, related to theft, fraud, embezzlement, breach of fiduciary duty, or other financial misconduct in connection with the delivery of a health care item or service;

 

(iv) any felony or misdemeanor conviction, under federal or state law, relating to the interference with or obstruction of any investigation into any criminal offense described in Code of Federal Regulations, title 42, section 1001.101 or 1001.201;

 

(v) any felony or misdemeanor conviction, under federal or state law, relating to the unlawful manufacture, distribution, prescription, or dispensing of a controlled substance;

 

(vi) any felony or gross misdemeanor that relates to the operation of a a nursing home or assisted living facility or directly affects resident safety or care during that period;

 

(vii) any revocation or suspension of a license to provide health care by any state licensing authority.  This includes the surrender of such a license while a formal disciplinary proceeding was pending before a state licensing authority;

 

(viii) any revocation or suspension of accreditation; or

 

(ix) any suspension or exclusion from participation in, or any sanction imposed by, a federal or state health care program, or any debarment from participation in any federal executive branch procurement or non-procurement program;

 

(14) whether, in the preceding three years, the applicant or any owner, controlling individual, managerial official, or assisted living director of the facility has a record of defaulting in the payment of money collected for others, including the discharge of debts through bankruptcy proceedings;

 

(15) the signature of the owner of the licensee, or an authorized agent of the licensee;

 

(16) identification of all states where the applicant or individual having a five percent or more ownership, currently or previously has been licensed as an owner or operator of a long-term care, community-based, or health care facility or agency where its license or federal certification has been denied, suspended, restricted, conditioned, refused, not renewed, or revoked under a private or state-controlled receivership, or where these same actions are pending under the laws of any state or federal authority;

 

(17) statistical information required by the commissioner; and

 

(18) any other information required by the commissioner.

 

Subd. 2.  Authorized agents.  (a) An application for an assisted living facility license or for renewal of a facility license must specify one or more owners, controlling individuals, or employees as authorized agents who can accept service on behalf of the licensee in proceedings under this chapter.

 

(b) Notwithstanding any law to the contrary, personal service on the authorized agent named in the application is deemed to be service on all of the controlling individuals or managerial officials of the facility, and it is not a defense to any action arising under this chapter that personal service was not made on each controlling individual or managerial official of the facility.  The designation of one or more controlling individuals or managerial officials under this subdivision shall not affect the legal responsibility of any other controlling individual or managerial official under this chapter.


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Subd. 3.  Fees.  (a) An initial applicant, renewal applicant, or applicant filing a change of ownership for assisted living facility licensure must submit the application fee required in section 144.122 to the commissioner along with a completed application.

 

(b) The penalty for late submission of the renewal application less than 30 days before the expiration date of the license or after expiration of the license is $200.  The penalty for operating a facility after expiration of the license and before a renewal license is issued, is $250 each day after expiration of the license until the renewal license issuance date.  The facility is still subject to the misdemeanor penalties for operating after license expiration.

 

(c) Fees collected under this section shall be deposited in the state treasury and credited to the state government special revenue fund.  All fees are nonrefundable.

 

(d) Fines collected under this subdivision shall be deposited in a dedicated special revenue account.  On an annual basis, the balance in the special revenue account shall be appropriated to the commissioner to implement the recommendations of the advisory council established in section 144A.4799.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 6.  [144I.05] TRANSFER OF LICENSE PROHIBITED.

 

Subdivision 1.  Transfers prohibited.  An assisted living facility license may not be transferred to another party.

 

Subd. 2.  New license required.  (a) A prospective licensee must apply for a license prior to operating a currently licensed assisted living facility.  The new license, if issued, shall not be a provisional license.  The licensee must change whenever one of the following events occur:

 

(1) the form of the licensee's legal entity structure is converted or changed to a different type of legal entity structure;

 

(2) the licensee dissolves, consolidates, or merges with another legal organization and the licensee's legal organization does not survive;

 

(3) within the previous 24 months, 50 percent or more of the licensee is transferred, whether by a single transaction or multiple transactions, to:

 

(i) a different person; or

 

(ii) a person who had less than a five percent ownership interest in the facility at the time of the first transaction; or

 

(4) any other event or combination of events that results in a substitution, elimination, or withdrawal of the licensee's responsibility for the facility.

 

(b) The prospective licensee must provide written notice to the department at least 60 calendar days prior to the anticipated date of the change of licensee.

 

Subd. 3.  Survey required.  For all new licensees after a change of ownership, the commissioner shall complete a survey within six months after the new license is issued.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.


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Sec. 7.  [144I.06] BACKGROUND STUDIES.

 

Subdivision 1.  Background studies required.  (a) Before the commissioner issues a provisional license, issues a license as a result of an approved change of ownership, or renews a license, a managerial official or a natural person who is an owner with direct ownership interest is required to undergo a background study under section 144.057.  No person may be involved in the management, operation, or control of an assisted living facility if the person has been disqualified under chapter 245C.  For the purposes of this section, managerial officials subject to the background study requirement are individuals who provide direct contact.

 

(b) The commissioner shall not issue a license if any controlling individual, including a managerial official, has been unsuccessful in having a background study disqualification set aside under section 144.057 and chapter 245C.

 

(c) Employees, contractors, and regularly-scheduled volunteers of the facility are subject to the background study required by section 144.057 and may be disqualified under chapter 245C.  Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit the facility from requiring self-disclosure of criminal conviction information.

 

Subd. 2.  Reconsideration.  If an individual is disqualified under section 144.057 or chapter 245C, the individual may request reconsideration of the disqualification.  If the individual requests reconsideration and the commissioner sets aside or rescinds the disqualification, the individual is eligible to be involved in the management, operation, or control of the facility.  If an individual has a disqualification under section 245C.15, subdivision 1, and the disqualification is affirmed, the individual's disqualification is barred from a set aside, and the individual must not be involved in the management, operation, or control of the facility.

 

Subd. 3.  Data classification.  Data collected under this section shall be classified as private data on individuals under section 13.02, subdivision 12.

 

Subd. 4.  Termination in good faith.  Termination of an employee in good faith reliance on information or records obtained under this section regarding a confirmed conviction does not subject the assisted living facility to civil liability or liability for unemployment benefits.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 8.  [144I.07] LICENSE RENEWAL.

 

A license that is not a provisional license may be renewed for a period of up to one year if the licensee:

 

(1) submits an application for renewal in the format provided by the commissioner at least 60 calendar days before expiration of the license;

 

(2) submits the renewal fee under section 144I.04, subdivision 3;

 

(3) submits the late fee under section 144I.04, subdivision 3, if the renewal application is received less than 30 days before the expiration date of the license or after the expiration of the license;

 

(4) provides information sufficient to show that the applicant meets the requirements of licensure, including items required under section 144I.04, subdivision 1; and

 

(5) provides any other information deemed necessary by the commissioner.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.


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Sec. 9.  [144I.08] NOTIFICATION OF CHANGES IN INFORMATION.

 

A provisional licensee or licensee shall notify the commissioner in writing prior to a change in the manager or authorized agent and within 60 calendar days after any change in the information required in section 144I.04, subdivision 1, paragraph (a), clause (1), (3), (4), (17), or (18).

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 10.  [144I.09] CONSIDERATION OF APPLICATIONS.

 

(a) Before issuing a provisional license or license or renewing a license, the commissioner shall consider an applicant's compliance history in providing care in a facility that provides care to children, the elderly, ill individuals, or individuals with disabilities.

 

(b) The applicant's compliance history shall include repeat violation, rule violations, and any license or certification involuntarily suspended ot terminated during an enforcement process.

 

(c) The commissioner may deny, revoke, suspend, restrict, or refuse to renew the license or impose conditions if:

 

(1) the applicant fails to provide complete and accurate information on the application and the commissioner concludes that the missing or corrected information is needed to determine if a license shall be granted;

 

(2) the applicant, knowingly or with reason to know, made a false statement of a material fact in an application for the license or any data attached to the application or in any matter under investigation by the department;

 

(3) the applicant refused to allow agents of the commissioner to inspect its books, records, and files related to the license application, or any portion of the premises;

 

(4) the applicant willfully prevented, interfered with, or attempted to impede in any way:  (i) the work of any authorized representative of the commissioner, the ombudsman for long-term care, or the ombudsman for mental health and developmental disabilities; or (ii) the duties of the commissioner, local law enforcement, city or county attorneys, adult protection, county case managers, or other local government personnel;

 

(5) the applicant has a history of noncompliance with federal or state regulations that were detrimental to the health, welfare, or safety of a resident or a client; or

 

(6) the applicant violates any requirement in this chapter.

 

(e) If a license is denied, the applicant has the reconsideration rights available under section 144I.03, subdivision 3.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 11.  [144I.10] MINIMUM ASSISTED LIVING FACILITY REQUIREMENTS.

 

Subdivision 1.  Minimum requirements.  (a) All assisted living facilities shall:

 

(1) distribute to residents, families, and resident representatives the assisted living bill of rights;

 

(2) provide services in a manner that complies with the Nurse Practice Act in sections 148.171 to 148.285;

 

(3) utilize a person-centered planning and service delivery process;


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(4) have and maintain a system for delegation of health care activities to unlicensed personnel by a registered nurse, including supervision and evaluation of the delegated activities as required by the Nurse Practice Act in sections 148.171 to 148.285;

 

(5) provide a means for residents to request assistance for health and safety needs 24 hours per day, seven days per week;

 

(6) allow residents the ability to furnish and decorate the resident's unit within the terms of the assisted living contract;

 

(7) permit residents access to food at any time;

 

(8) allow residents to choose the resident's visitors and times of visits;

 

(9) allow the resident the right to choose a roommate if sharing a unit;

 

(10) notify the resident of the resident's right to have and use a lockable door to the resident's unit.  The licensee shall provide the locks on the unit.  Only a staff member with a specific need to enter the unit shall have keys, and advance notice must be given to the resident before entrance, when possible.  An assisted living facility must not lock a resident in the resident's unit;

 

(11) develop and implement a staffing plan for determining its staffing level that:

 

(i) includes an evaluation, to be conducted at least twice a year, of the appropriateness of staffing levels in the facility;

 

(ii) ensures sufficient staffing at all times to meet the scheduled and reasonably foreseeable unscheduled needs of each resident as required by the residents' assessments and service plans on a 24-hour per day basis; and

 

(iii) ensures that the facility can respond promptly and effectively to individual resident emergencies and to emergency, life safety, and disaster situations affecting staff or residents in the facility;

 

(12) ensures that one or more persons are available 24 hours per day, seven days per week, who are responsible for responding to the requests of residents for assistance with health or safety needs.  Such persons must be:

 

(i) awake;

 

(ii) located in the same building, in an attached building, or on a contiguous campus with the facility in order to respond within a reasonable amount of time;

 

(iii) capable of communicating with residents;

 

(iv) capable of providing or summoning the appropriate assistance;

 

(v) capable of following directions; and

 

(vi) for an assisted living facility with dementia care providing services in a secured dementia care unit, an awake person must be physically present in the secured dementia care unit;

 

(13) offer to provide or make available at least the following services to residents:


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(i) at least three nutritious meals daily with snacks available seven days per week, according to the recommended dietary allowances in the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) guidelines, including seasonal fresh fruit and fresh vegetables.  The following apply:

 

(A) menus must be prepared at least one week in advance, and made available to all residents.  The facility must encourage residents' involvement in menu planning.  Meal substitutions must be of similar nutritional value if a resident refuses a food that is served.  Residents must be informed in advance of menu changes;

 

(B) food must be prepared and served according to the Minnesota Food Code, Minnesota Rules, chapter 4626; and

 

(C) the facility cannot require a resident to include and pay for meals in their contract;

 

(ii) weekly housekeeping;

 

(iii) weekly laundry service;

 

(iv) upon the request of the resident, provide direct or reasonable assistance with arranging for transportation to medical and social services appointments, shopping, and other recreation, and provide the name of or other identifying information about the persons responsible for providing this assistance;

 

(v) upon the request of the resident, provide reasonable assistance with accessing community resources and social services available in the community, and provide the name of or other identifying information about persons responsible for providing this assistance;

 

(vi) provide culturally sensitive programs; and

 

(vii) have a daily program of social and recreational activities that are based upon individual and group interests, physical, mental, and psychosocial needs, and that creates opportunities for active participation in the community at large.

 

(b) The resident's rights in section 144I.101, subdivisions 12, 13, and 18, may be restricted for an individual resident only if determined necessary for health and safety reasons identified by the facility through an initial assessment or reassessment under section 144I.16, subdivision 2, and documented in the written service plan under section 144I.16, subdivision 4.  Any restrictions of those rights for people served under sections 256B.0915 and 256B.49 must be documented by the case manager in the resident's coordinated service and support plan (CSSP), as defined in sections 256B.0915, subdivision 6, and 256B.49, subdivision 15.  Nothing in this section affects other laws applicable to or prohibiting restrictions on the resident's rights in section 144I.101, subdivisions 12, 13, and 18.

 

Subd. 2.  Policies and procedures.  (a) Each assisted living facility must have policies and procedures in place to address the following and keep them current:

 

(1) requirements in section 626.557, reporting of maltreatment of vulnerable adults;

 

(2) conducting and handling background studies on employees;

 

(3) orientation, training, and competency evaluations of staff, and a process for evaluating staff performance;

 

(4) handling complaints from residents, family members, or designated representatives regarding staff or services provided by staff;

 

(5) conducting initial evaluations of residents' needs and the providers' ability to provide those services;


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(6) conducting initial and ongoing resident evaluations and assessments of resident needs, including assessments by a registered nurse or appropriate licensed health professional, and how changes in a resident's condition are identified, managed, and communicated to staff and other health care providers as appropriate;

 

(7) orientation to and implementation of the assisted living bill of rights;

 

(8) infection control practices;

 

(9) reminders for medications, treatments, or exercises, if provided;

 

(10) conducting appropriate screenings, or documentation of prior screenings, to show that staff are free of tuberculosis, consistent with current United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention standards;

 

(11) ensuring that nurses and licensed health professionals have current and valid licenses to practice;

 

(12) medication and treatment management;

 

(13) delegation of tasks by registered nurses or licensed health professionals;

 

(14) supervision of registered nurses and licensed health professionals; and

 

(15) supervision of unlicensed personnel performing delegated tasks.

 

Subd. 3.  Infection control program.  All assisted living facilities must establish and maintain an infection control program.

 

Subd. 4.  Clinical nurse supervision.  All assisted living facilities must have a clinical nurse supervisor who is a registered nurse licensed in Minnesota.

 

Subd. 5.  Resident councils.  The facility must provide a resident council with space and privacy for meetings, where doing so is reasonably achievable.  Staff, visitors, and other guests may attend a resident council meeting only at the council's invitation.  The facility must designate a staff person who is approved by the resident council to be responsible for providing assistance and responding to written requests that result from meetings.  The facility must consider the views of the resident council and must respond promptly to the grievances and recommendations of the council, but a facility is not required to implement as recommended every request of the council.  The facility shall, with the approval of the resident council, take reasonably achievable steps to make residents aware of upcoming meetings in a timely manner.

 

Subd. 6.  Family councils.  The facility must provide a family council with space and privacy for meetings, where doing so is reasonably achievable.  The facility must designate a staff person who is approved by the family council to be responsible for providing assistance and responding to written requests that result from meetings.  The facility must consider the views of the family council and must respond promptly to the grievances and recommendations of the council, but a facility is not required to implement as recommended every request of the council.  The facility shall, with the approval of the family council, take reasonably achievable steps to make residents and family members aware of upcoming meetings in a timely manner.

 

Subd. 7.  Resident grievances; reporting maltreatment.  All facilities must post in a conspicuous place information about the facilities' grievance procedure, and the name, telephone number, and e­mail contact information for the individuals who are responsible for handling resident grievances.  The notice must also have the


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contact information for the state and applicable regional Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care and the Office of Ombudsman for Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities, and must have information for reporting suspected maltreatment to the Minnesota Adult Abuse Reporting Center.

 

Subd. 8.  Protecting resident rights.  All facilities shall ensure that every resident has access to consumer advocacy or legal services by:

 

(1) providing names and contact information, including telephone numbers and e­mail addresses of at least three organizations that provide advocacy or legal services to residents;

 

(2) providing the name and contact information for the Minnesota Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care and the Office of the Ombudsman for Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities, including both the state and regional contact information;

 

(3) assisting residents in obtaining information on whether Medicare or medical assistance under chapter 256B will pay for services;

 

(4) making reasonable accommodations for people who have communication disabilities and those who speak a language other than English; and

 

(5) providing all information and notices in plain language and in terms the residents can understand.

 

Subd. 9.  Payment for services under disability waivers.  For new assisted living facilities that did not operate as registered housing with services establishments prior to August 1, 2021, home and community-based services under section 256B.49 are not available when the new facility setting is adjoined to, or on the same property as, an institution as defined in Code of Federal Regulations, title 42, section 441.301(c).

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Section 1.  [144I.101] ASSISTED LIVING BILL OF RIGHTS.

 

Subdivision 1.  Applicability.  This section applies to residents living in assisted living facilities.

 

Subd. 2.  Legislative intent.  The rights established under this section for the benefit of residents do not limit any other rights available under law.  No facility may request or require that any resident waive any of these rights at any time for any reason, including as a condition of admission to the facility.

 

Subd. 3.  Information about rights.  Before receiving services, residents have the right to be informed by the facility of the rights granted under this section and the recourse residents have if rights are violated.  The information must be in plain language and in terms residents can understand.  The facility must make reasonable accommodations for residents who have communication disabilities and those who speak a language other than English.

 

Subd. 4.  Appropriate care and services.  (a) Residents have the right to care and assisted living services that are appropriate based on the resident's needs and according to an up-to-date service plan subject to accepted health care standards.

 

(b) Residents have the right to receive health care and other assisted living services with continuity from people who are properly trained and competent to perform their duties and in sufficient numbers to adequately provide the services agreed to in the assisted living contract and the service plan.


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Subd. 5.  Refusal of care or services.  Residents have the right to refuse care or assisted living services and to be informed by the facility of the medical, health-related, or psychological consequences of refusing care or services.

 

Subd. 6.  Participation in care and service planning.  Residents have the right to actively participate in the planning, modification, and evaluation of their care and services.  This right includes:

 

(1) the opportunity to discuss care, services, treatment, and alternatives with the appropriate caregivers;

 

(2) the right to include a family member or the resident's health care agent and designated representative, or both; and

 

(3) the right to be told in advance of, and take an active part in decisions regarding, any recommended changes in the service plan.

 

Subd. 7.  Courteous treatment.  Residents have the right to be treated with courtesy and respect, and to have the resident's property treated with respect.

 

Subd. 8.  Freedom from maltreatment.  Residents have the right to be free from physical, sexual, and emotional abuse; neglect; financial exploitation; and all forms of maltreatment covered under the Vulnerable Adults Act.

 

Subd. 9.  Right to come and go freely.  Residents have the right to enter and leave the facility as they choose.  This right may be restricted only as allowed by other law and consistent with a resident's service plan.

 

Subd. 10.  Individual autonomy.  Residents have the right to individual autonomy, initiative, and independence in making life choices, including establishing a daily schedule and choosing with whom to interact.

 

Subd. 11.  Right to control resources.  Residents have the right to control personal resources.

 

Subd. 12.  Visitors and social participation.  (a) Residents have the right to meet with or receive visits at any time by the resident's family, guardian, conservator, health care agent, attorney, advocate, or religious or social work counselor, or any person of the resident's choosing.  This right may be restricted in certain circumstances if necessary for the resident's health and safety and if documented in the resident's service plan.

 

(b) Residents have the right to engage in community life and in activities of their choice.  This includes the right to participate in commercial, religious, social, community, and political activities without interference and at their discretion if the activities do not infringe on the rights of other residents.

 

Subd. 13.  Personal and treatment privacy.  (a) Residents have the right to consideration of their privacy, individuality, and cultural identity as related to their social, religious, and psychological well-being.  Staff must respect the privacy of a resident's space by knocking on the door and seeking consent before entering, except in an emergency or where clearly inadvisable or unless otherwise documented in the resident's service plan.

 

(b) Residents have the right to have and use a lockable door to the resident's unit.  The facility shall provide locks on the resident's unit.  Only a staff member with a specific need to enter the unit shall have keys.  This right may be restricted in certain circumstances if necessary for a resident's health and safety and documented in the resident's service plan.

 

(c) Residents have the right to respect and privacy regarding the resident's service plan.  Case discussion, consultation, examination, and treatment are confidential and must be conducted discreetly.  Privacy must be respected during toileting, bathing, and other activities of personal hygiene, except as needed for resident safety or assistance.


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Subd. 14.  Communication privacy.  (a) Residents have the right to communicate privately with persons of their choice.

 

(b) If an assisted living facility is sending or receiving mail on behalf of residents, the assisted living facility must do so without interference.

 

(c) Residents must be provided access to a telephone to make and receive calls.

 

Subd. 15.  Confidentiality of records.  (a) Residents have the right to have personal, financial, health, and medical information kept private, to approve or refuse release of information to any outside party, and to be advised of the assisted living facility's policies and procedures regarding disclosure of the information.  Residents must be notified when personal records are requested by any outside party.

 

(b) Residents have the right to access their own records.

 

Subd. 16.  Right to furnish and decorate.  Residents have the right to furnish and decorate the resident's unit within the terms of the assisted living contract.

 

Subd. 17.  Right to choose roommate.  Residents have the right to choose a roommate if sharing a unit.

 

Subd. 18.  Right to access food.  Residents have the right to access food at any time.  This right may be restricted in certain circumstances if necessary for the resident's health and safety and if documented in the resident's service plan.

 

Subd. 19.  Access to technology.  Residents have the right to access Internet service at their expense.

 

Subd. 20.  Grievances and inquiries.  Residents have the right to make and receive a timely response to a complaint or inquiry, without limitation.  Residents have the right to know and every facility must provide the name and contact information of the person representing the facility who is designated to handle and resolve complaints and inquiries.

 

Subd. 21.  Access to counsel and advocacy services.  Residents have the right to the immediate access by:

 

(1) the resident's legal counsel;

 

(2) any representative of the protection and advocacy system designated by the state under Code of Federal Regulations, title 45, section 1326.21; or

 

(3) any representative of the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care.

 

Subd. 22.  Information about charges.  Before services are initiated, residents have the right to be notified:

 

(1) of all charges for housing and assisted living services;

 

(2) of any limits on housing and assisted living services available;

 

(3) if known, whether and what amount of payment may be expected from health insurance, public programs, or other sources; and

 

(4) what charges the resident may be responsible for paying.


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Subd. 23.  Information about individuals providing services.  Before receiving services identified in the service plan, residents have the right to be told the type and disciplines of staff who will be providing the services, the frequency of visits proposed to be furnished, and other choices that are available for addressing the resident's needs.

 

Subd. 24.  Information about other providers and services.  Residents have the right to be informed by the assisted living facility, prior to executing an assisted living contract, that other public and private services may be available and that the resident has the right to purchase, contract for, or obtain services from a provider other than the assisted living facility.

 

Subd. 25.  Resident councils.  Residents have the right to organize and participate in resident councils as described in section 144I.10, subdivision 5.

 

Subd. 26.  Family councils.  Residents have the right to participate in family councils formed by families or residents as described in section 144I.10, subdivision 6.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 13.  [144I.11] HOUSING AND SERVICES.

 

Subdivision 1.  Responsibility for housing and services.  The facility is directly responsible to the resident for all housing and service-related matters provided, irrespective of a management contract.  Housing and service-related matters include but are not limited to the handling of complaints, the provision of notices, and the initiation of any adverse action against the resident involving housing or services provided by the facility.

 

Subd. 2.  Uniform checklist disclosure of services.  (a) On and after August 1, 2021, all assisted living facilities must provide to prospective residents, the prospective resident's legal and designated representatives, and any other person or persons the resident chooses:

 

(1) a disclosure of the categories of assisted living licenses available and the category of license held by the facility;

 

(2) a written checklist listing all services permitted under the facility's license, identifying all services the facility offers to provide under the assisted living facility contract, and identifying all services allowed under the license that the facility does not provide; and

 

(2) an oral explanation of the services offered under the contract.

 

(b) The requirements of paragraph (a) must be completed prior to the execution of the assisted living contract.

 

(c) The commissioner must, in consultation with all interested stakeholders, design the uniform checklist disclosure form for use as provided under paragraph (a).

 

Subd. 3.  Reservation of rights.  Nothing in this chapter:

 

(1) requires a resident to utilize any service provided by or through, or made available in, a facility;

 

(2) prevents a facility from requiring, as a condition of the contract, that the resident pay for a package of services even if the resident does not choose to use all or some of the services in the package.  For residents who are eligible for home and community-based waiver services under sections 256B.0915 and 256B.49, payment for services will follow the policies of those programs;


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(3) requires a facility to fundamentally alter the nature of the operations of the facility in order to accommodate a resident's request; or

 

(4) affects the duty of a facility to grant a resident's request for reasonable accommodations.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 14.  [144I.12] TRANSFER OF RESIDENTS WITHIN FACILITY.

 

Subdivision 1.  Transfers.  (a) All assisted living facilities must provide for the safe, orderly, and appropriate transfer of residents within the facility.

 

(b) If an assisted living contract permits resident transfers within a facility, the facility must comply with the notice requirements in subdivision 2.

 

(c) In situations where there is a curtailment, reduction, capital improvement, or change in operations within a facility, the facility must minimize the number of transfers needed to complete the project or change in operations, consider individual resident needs and preferences, and provide reasonable accommodation for individual resident requests regarding the room transfer.  The facility must provide notice to the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care and, when appropriate, the Office of Ombudsman for Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities in advance of any notice to residents, residents' legal and designated representatives, and families when all of the following circumstances apply:

 

(1) the transfers of residents within the facility are being proposed due to curtailment, reduction, capital improvements, or change in operations;

 

(2) the transfers of residents within the facility are not temporary moves to accommodate physical plan upgrades or renovation; and

 

(3) the transfers involve multiple residents being moved simultaneously.

 

Subd. 2.  Notice required before transfer within facility.  (a) A facility must:

 

(1) notify a resident and the resident's legal and designated representatives, if any, at least 30 calendar days prior to a proposed nonemergency transfer within the facility; and

 

(2) obtain consent from the resident or the resident's legal or designated representative, if any.

 

(b) A resident must be allowed to stay in the resident's room.  If a resident consents to a move, any needed reasonable modifications must be made to the new room to accommodate the resident's disabilities.

 

Subd. 3.  Evaluation.  A facility shall evaluate the resident's individual needs before deciding whether the room to which the resident will be moved fits the resident's psychological, cognitive, and health care needs, including the accessibility of the bathroom.

 

Subd. 4.  Restriction on transfer.  A person who has been a private-pay resident for at least one year and resides in a private room, and whose payments subsequently will be made under the medical assistance program under chapter 256B, may not be relocated to a shared room without the consent of the resident or the resident's legal or designated representative, if any.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.


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Sec. 15.  [144I.13] BUSINESS OPERATION.

 

Subdivision 1.  Display of license.  The original current license must be displayed at the main entrance of each assisted living facility.  The facility must provide a copy of the license to any person who requests it.

 

Subd. 2.  Quality management.  The facility shall engage in quality management appropriate to the size of the facility and relevant to the type of services provided.  The quality management activity means evaluating the quality of care by periodically reviewing resident services, complaints made, and other issues that have occurred and determining whether changes in services, staffing, or other procedures need to be made in order to ensure safe and competent services to residents.  Documentation about quality management activity must be available for two years.  Information about quality management must be available to the commissioner at the time of the survey, investigation, or renewal.

 

Subd. 3.  Facility restrictions.  (a) This subdivision does not apply to licensees that are Minnesota counties or other units of government.

 

(b) A facility or staff person may not:

 

(1) accept a power-of-attorney from residents for any purpose, and may not accept appointments as guardians or conservators of residents; or

 

(2) borrow a resident's funds or personal or real property, nor in any way convert a resident's property to the possession of the facility or staff person.

 

(c) A facility may not serve as a resident's legal, designated, or other representative.

 

(d) Nothing in this subdivision precludes a facility or staff person from accepting gifts of minimal value or precludes acceptance of donations or bequests made to a facility that are exempt from section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.

 

Subd. 4.  Handling residents' finances and property.  (a) A facility may assist residents with household budgeting, including paying bills and purchasing household goods, but may not otherwise manage a resident's property.

 

(b) Where funds are deposited with the facility by the resident, the licensee:

 

(1) retains fiduciary and custodial responsibility for the funds;

 

(2) is directly accountable to the resident for the funds; and

 

(3) must maintain records of and provide a resident with receipts for all transactions and purchases made with the resident's funds.  When receipts are not available, the transaction or purchase must be documented.

 

(c) Subject to paragraph (d), if responsibilities for day-to-day management of the resident funds are delegated to the manager, the manager must:

 

(1) provide the licensee with a monthly accounting of the resident funds; and

 

(2) meet all legal requirements related to holding and accounting for resident funds.


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(d) The facility must ensure any party responsible for holding or managing residents' personal funds is bonded or obtains insurance in sufficient amounts to specifically cover losses of resident funds and provides proof of the bond or insurance.

 

Subd. 5.  Final accounting; return of money and property.  Within 30 days of the effective date of a facility‑initiated or resident-initiated termination of housing or services or the death of the resident, the facility must:

 

(1) provide to the resident, resident's legal representative, and resident's designated representative a final statement of account;

 

(2) provide any refunds due;

 

(3) return any money, property, or valuables held in trust or custody by the facility; and

 

(4) as required under section 504B.178, refund the resident's security deposit unless it is applied to the first month's charges.

 

Subd. 6.  Compliance with requirements for reporting maltreatment of vulnerable adults; abuse prevention plan.  (a) The assisted living facility must comply with the requirements for the reporting of maltreatment of vulnerable adults in section 626.557.  The facility must establish and implement a written procedure to ensure that all cases of suspected maltreatment are reported.

 

(b) The facility must develop and implement an individual abuse prevention plan for each vulnerable adult.  The plan shall contain an individualized review or assessment of the person's susceptibility to abuse by another individual, including other vulnerable adults; the person's risk of abusing other vulnerable adults; and statements of the specific measures to be taken to minimize the risk of abuse to that person and other vulnerable adults.  For purposes of the abuse prevention plan, abuse includes self-abuse.

 

Subd. 7.  Posting information for reporting suspected crime and maltreatment.  The facility shall support protection and safety through access to the state's systems for reporting suspected criminal activity and suspected vulnerable adult maltreatment by:

 

(1) posting the 911 emergency number in common areas and near telephones provided by the assisted living facility;

 

(2) posting information and the reporting number for the Minnesota Adult Abuse Reporting Center to report suspected maltreatment of a vulnerable adult under section 626.557; and

 

(3) providing reasonable accommodations with information and notices in plain language.

 

Subd. 8.  Employee records.  (a) The facility must maintain current records of each paid employee, each regularly scheduled volunteer providing services, and each individual contractor providing services.  The records must include the following information:

 

(1) evidence of current professional licensure, registration, or certification if licensure, registration, or certification is required by this chapter or rules;

 

(2) records of orientation, required annual training and infection control training, and competency evaluations;

 

(3) current job description, including qualifications, responsibilities, and identification of staff persons providing supervision;


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(4) documentation of annual performance reviews that identify areas of improvement needed and training needs;

 

(5) for individuals providing assisted living services, verification that required health screenings under subdivision 9, have taken place and the dates of those screenings; and

 

(6) documentation of the background study as required under section 144.057.

 

(b) Each employee record must be retained for at least three years after a paid employee, volunteer, or contractor ceases to be employed by, provide services at, or be under contract with the facility.  If a facility ceases operation, employee records must be maintained for three years after facility operations cease.

 

Subd. 9.  Tuberculosis prevention and control.  The facility must establish and maintain a comprehensive tuberculosis infection control program according to the most current tuberculosis infection control guidelines issued by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, as published in the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR).  The program must include a tuberculosis infection control plan that covers all paid and unpaid employees, contractors, students, and regularly scheduled volunteers.  The commissioner shall provide technical assistance regarding implementation of the guidelines.

 

Subd. 10.  Disaster planning and emergency preparedness plan.  (a) The facility must meet the following requirements:

 

(1) have a written emergency disaster plan that contains a plan for evacuation, addresses elements of sheltering in place, identifies temporary relocation sites, and details staff assignments in the event of a disaster or an emergency;

 

(2) post an emergency disaster plan prominently;

 

(3) provide building emergency exit diagrams to all residents;

 

(4) post emergency exit diagrams on each floor; and

 

(5) have a written policy and procedure regarding missing tenant residents.

 

(b) The facility must provide emergency and disaster training to all staff during the initial staff orientation and annually thereafter and must make emergency and disaster training annually available to all residents.  Staff who have not received emergency and disaster training are allowed to work only when trained staff are also working on site.

 

(c) The facility must meet any additional requirements adopted in rule.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 16.  [144I.14] STAFFING AND SUPERVISORY REQUIREMENTS.

 

Subdivision 1.  Qualifications, training, and competency.  All staff persons providing assisted living services must be trained and competent in the provision of services consistent with current practice standards appropriate to the resident's needs, and promote and be trained to support the assisted living bill of rights.

 

Subd. 2.  Licensed health professionals and nurses.  (a) Licensed health professionals and nurses providing services as employees of a licensed facility must possess a current Minnesota license or registration to practice.


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(b) Licensed health professionals and registered nurses must be competent in assessing resident needs, planning appropriate services to meet resident needs, implementing services, and supervising staff if assigned.

 

(c) Nothing in this section limits or expands the rights of nurses or licensed health professionals to provide services within the scope of their licenses or registrations, as provided by law.

 

Subd. 3.  Unlicensed personnel.  (a) Unlicensed personnel providing assisted living services must have:

 

(1) successfully completed a training and competency evaluation appropriate to the services provided by the facility and the topics listed in subdivision 10, paragraph (b); or

 

(2) demonstrated competency by satisfactorily completing a written or oral test on the tasks the unlicensed personnel will perform and on the topics listed in subdivision 10, paragraph (b); and successfully demonstrated competency of topics in subdivision 10, paragraph (b), clauses (5), (7), and (8), by a practical skills test.

 

Unlicensed personnel who only provide assisted living services listed in section 144I.01, subdivision 9, clauses (1) to (5), shall not perform delegated nursing or therapy tasks.

 

(b) Unlicensed personnel performing delegated nursing tasks in an assisted living facility must:

 

(1) have successfully completed training and demonstrated competency by successfully completing a written or oral test of the topics in subdivision 10, paragraphs (b) and (c), and a practical skills test on tasks listed in subdivision 10, paragraphs (b), clauses (5) and (7), and (c), clauses (3), (5), (6), and (7), and all the delegated tasks they will perform;

 

(2) satisfy the current requirements of Medicare for training or competency of home health aides or nursing assistants, as provided by Code of Federal Regulations, title 42, section 483 or 484.36; or

 

(3) have, before April 19, 1993, completed a training course for nursing assistants that was approved by the commissioner.

 

(c) Unlicensed personnel performing therapy or treatment tasks delegated or assigned by a licensed health professional must meet the requirements for delegated tasks in subdivision 7 and any other training or competency requirements within the licensed health professional's scope of practice relating to delegation or assignment of tasks to unlicensed personnel.

 

Subd. 4.  Availability of contact person to staff.  (a) Assisted living facilities must have a registered nurse available for consultation to staff performing delegated nursing tasks and must have an appropriate licensed health professional available if performing other delegated services such as therapies.

 

(b) The appropriate contact person must be readily available either in person, by telephone, or by other means to the staff at times when the staff is providing services.

 

Subd. 5.  Supervision of staff.  (a) Staff who only provide assisted living services specified in section 144I.01, subdivision 9, clauses (1) to (5) must be supervised periodically where the services are being provided to verify that the work is being performed competently and to identify problems and solutions to address issues relating to the staff's ability to provide the services.  The supervision of the unlicensed personnel must be done by staff of the facility having the authority, skills, and ability to provide the supervision of unlicensed personnel and who can implement changes as needed, and train staff.


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(b) Supervision includes direct observation of unlicensed personnel while the unlicensed personnel are providing the services and may also include indirect methods of gaining input such as gathering feedback from the resident.  Supervisory review of staff must be provided at a frequency based on the staff person's competency and performance.

 

Subd. 6.  Supervision of staff providing delegated nursing or therapy tasks.  (a) Staff who perform delegated nursing or therapy tasks must be supervised by an appropriate licensed health professional or a registered nurse according to the assisted living facility's policy where the services are being provided to verify that the work is being performed competently and to identify problems and solutions related to the staff person's ability to perform the tasks.  Supervision of staff performing medication or treatment administration shall be provided by a registered nurse or appropriate licensed health professional and must include observation of the staff administering the medication or treatment and the interaction with the resident.

 

(b) The direct supervision of staff performing delegated tasks must be provided within 30 calendar days after the date on which the individual begins working for the facility and first performs the delegated tasks for residents and thereafter as needed based on performance.  This requirement also applies to staff who have not performed delegated tasks for one year or longer.

 

Subd. 7.  Delegation of assisted living services.  A registered nurse or licensed health professional may delegate tasks only to staff who are competent and possess the knowledge and skills consistent with the complexity of the tasks and according to the appropriate Minnesota practice act.  The assisted living facility must establish and implement a system to communicate up-to-date information to the registered nurse or licensed health professional regarding the current available staff and their competency so the registered nurse or licensed health professional has sufficient information to determine the appropriateness of delegating tasks to meet individual resident needs and preferences.

 

Subd. 8.  Documentation.  A facility must retain documentation of supervision activities in the personnel records.

 

Subd. 9.  Temporary staff.  When a facility contracts with a temporary staffing agency, those individuals must meet the same requirements required by this section for personnel employed by the facility and shall be treated as if they are staff of the facility.

 

Subd. 10.  Instructor and competency evaluation requirements; training for unlicensed personnel.  (a) Instructors and competency evaluators must meet the following requirements:

 

(1) training and competency evaluations of unlicensed personnel who only provide assisted living services specified in section 144I.01, subdivision 9, clauses (1) to (5) must be conducted by individuals with work experience and training in providing these services; and

 

(2) training and competency evaluations of unlicensed personnel providing assisted living services must be conducted by a registered nurse, or another instructor may provide training in conjunction with the registered nurse.

 

(b) Training and competency evaluations for all unlicensed personnel must include the following:

 

(1) documentation requirements for all services provided;

 

(2) reports of changes in the resident's condition to the supervisor designated by the facility;

 

(3) basic infection control, including blood-borne pathogens;


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(4) maintenance of a clean and safe environment;

 

(5) appropriate and safe techniques in personal hygiene and grooming, including:

 

(i) hair care and bathing;

 

(ii) care of teeth, gums, and oral prosthetic devices;

 

(iii) care and use of hearing aids; and

 

(iv) dressing and assisting with toileting;

 

(6) training on the prevention of falls;

 

(7) standby assistance techniques and how to perform them;

 

(8) medication, exercise, and treatment reminders;

 

(9) basic nutrition, meal preparation, food safety, and assistance with eating;

 

(10) preparation of modified diets as ordered by a licensed health professional;

 

(11) communication skills that include preserving the dignity of the resident and showing respect for the resident and the resident's preferences, cultural background, and family;

 

(12) awareness of confidentiality and privacy;

 

(13) understanding appropriate boundaries between staff and residents and the resident's family;

 

(14) procedures to use in handling various emergency situations; and

 

(15) awareness of commonly used health technology equipment and assistive devices.

 

(c) In addition to paragraph (b), training and competency evaluation for unlicensed personnel providing assisted living services must include:

 

(1) observing, reporting, and documenting resident status;

 

(2) basic knowledge of body functioning and changes in body functioning, injuries, or other observed changes that must be reported to appropriate personnel;

 

(3) reading and recording temperature, pulse, and respirations of the resident;

 

(4) recognizing physical, emotional, cognitive, and developmental needs of the resident;

 

(5) safe transfer techniques and ambulation;

 

(6) range of motioning and positioning; and

 

(7) administering medications or treatments as required.


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(d) When the registered nurse or licensed health professional delegates tasks, that person must ensure that prior to the delegation the unlicensed personnel is trained in the proper methods to perform the tasks or procedures for each resident and are able to demonstrate the ability to competently follow the procedures and perform the tasks.  If an unlicensed personnel has not regularly performed the delegated assisted living task for a period of 24 consecutive months, the unlicensed personnel must demonstrate competency in the task to the registered nurse or appropriate licensed health professional.  The registered nurse or licensed health professional must document instructions for the delegated tasks in the resident's record.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 17.  [144I.15] REQUIRED NOTICES.

 

Subdivision 1.  Assisted living bill of rights; notification to resident.  (a) An assisted living facility must provide the resident, legal representative, and designated representative a written notice of the rights under section 144I.101 before the initiation of services to that resident.  The facility shall make all reasonable efforts to provide notice of the rights to the resident and the legal and designated representatives in a language the resident and legal and designated representatives can understand.

 

(b) In addition to the text of the assisted living bill of rights in section 144I.101, the notice shall also contain the following statement describing how to file a complaint or report suspected abuse.

 

"If you want to report suspected abuse, neglect, or financial exploitation, you may contact the Minnesota Adult Abuse Reporting Center (MAARC).  If you have a complaint about the facility or person providing your services, you may contact the Office of Health Facility Complaints, Minnesota Department of Health.  You may also contact the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care or the Office of Ombudsman for Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities."

 

(c) The statement must include contact information for the Minnesota Adult Abuse Reporting Center and the telephone number, website address, e­mail address, mailing address, and street address of the Office of Health Facility Complaints at the Minnesota Department of Health, the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care, and the Office of Ombudsman for Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities.  The statement must include the facility's name, address, e­mail, telephone number, and name or title of the person at the facility to whom problems or complaints may be directed.  It must also include a statement that the facility will not retaliate because of a complaint.

 

(d) A facility must obtain written acknowledgment of the resident's receipt of the assisted living bill of rights or shall document why an acknowledgment cannot be obtained.  The acknowledgment may be obtained from the resident, legal representative, or designated representative.  Acknowledgment of receipt shall be retained in the resident's record.

 

Subd. 2.  Notices in plain language; language accommodations.  A facility must provide all notices in plain language that residents can understand and make reasonable accommodations for residents who have communication disabilities and those whose primary language is a language other than English.

 

Subd. 3.  Notice of dementia training.  An assisted living facility with dementia care shall make available in written or electronic form, to residents and families or other persons who request it, a description of the training program and related training it provides, including the categories of employees trained, the frequency of training, and the basic topics covered.  A hard copy of this notice must be provided upon request.


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Subd. 4.  Notice of available assistance.  A facility shall provide each resident with identifying and contact information about the persons who can assist with health care or supportive services being provided.  A facility shall keep each resident informed of changes in the personnel referenced in this subdivision.

 

Subd. 5.  Notice to residents; change in ownership or management.  (a) A facility must provide written notice to the resident, legal representative, or designated representative of a change of ownership within seven calendar days after the facility receives a new license.

 

(b) A facility must provide prompt written notice to the resident and, as applicable, legal representative or designated representative, of any change of legal name, telephone number, and physical mailing address, which may not be a public or private post office box, of:

 

(1) the manager of the facility, if applicable; and

 

(2) the authorized agent.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 18.  [144I.16] SERVICES.

 

Subdivision 1.  Acceptance of residents.  An assisted living facility may not accept a person as a resident unless the facility has staff, sufficient in qualifications, competency, and numbers, to adequately provide the services agreed to in the assisted living contract.

 

Subd. 2.  Initial reviews, assessments, and monitoring.  (a) Residents who are not receiving any services shall not be required to undergo an initial nursing assessment.

 

(b) An assisted living facility shall conduct a nursing assessment by a registered nurse of the physical and cognitive needs of the prospective resident and propose a temporary service plan prior to the date on which a prospective resident executes a contract with a facility or the date on which a prospective resident moves in, whichever is earlier.  If necessitated by either the geographic distance between the prospective resident and the facility, or urgent or unexpected circumstances, the assessment may be conducted using telecommunication methods based on practice standards that meet the resident's needs and reflect person-centered planning and care delivery.

 

(c) Resident reassessment and monitoring must be conducted no more than 14 calendar days after initiation of services.  Ongoing resident reassessment and monitoring must be conducted as needed based on changes in the needs of the resident and cannot exceed 90 calendar days from the last date of the assessment.

 

(d) For residents only receiving assisted living services specified in section 144I.01, subdivision 9, clauses (1) to (5), the facility shall complete an individualized initial review of the resident's needs and preferences.  The initial review must be completed within 30 calendar days of the start of services.  Resident monitoring and review must be conducted as needed based on changes in the needs of the resident and cannot exceed 90 calendar days from the date of the last review.

 

(e) A facility must inform the prospective resident of the availability of and contact information for long-term care consultation services under section 256B.0911, prior to the date on which a prospective resident executes a contract with a facility or the date on which a prospective resident moves in, whichever is earlier.

 

Subd. 3.  Temporary service plan.  When a facility initiates services and the individualized assessment required in subdivision 2 has not been completed, the facility must complete a temporary plan and agreement with the resident for services.  A temporary service plan shall not be effective for more than 72 hours.


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Subd. 4.  Service plan, implementation, and revisions to service plan.  (a) No later than 14 calendar days after the date that services are first provided, an assisted living facility shall finalize a current written service plan.

 

(b) The service plan and any revisions must include a signature or other authentication by the facility and by the resident documenting agreement on the services to be provided.  The service plan must be revised, if needed, based on resident reassessment under subdivision 2.  The facility must provide information to the resident about changes to the facility's fee for services and how to contact the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care.

 

(c) The facility must implement and provide all services required by the current service plan.

 

(d) The service plan and the revised service plan must be entered into the resident record, including notice of a change in a resident's fees when applicable.

 

(e) Staff providing services must be informed of the current written service plan.

 

(f) The service plan must include:

 

(1) a description of the services to be provided, the fees for services, and the frequency of each service, according to the resident's current assessment and resident preferences;

 

(2) the identification of staff or categories of staff who will provide the services;

 

(3) the schedule and methods of monitoring assessments of the resident;

 

(4) the schedule and methods of monitoring staff providing services; and

 

(5) a contingency plan that includes:

 

(i) the action to be taken by the facility and by the resident and the designated representative if the scheduled service cannot be provided;

 

(ii) information and a method for a resident to contact the facility;

 

(iii) the names and contact information of persons the resident wishes to have notified in an emergency or if there is a significant adverse change in the resident's condition, including identification of and information as to who has authority to sign for the resident in an emergency; and

 

(iv) the circumstances in which emergency medical services are not to be summoned consistent with chapters 145B and 145C, and declarations made by the resident under those chapters.

 

Subd. 5.  Referrals.  If a facility reasonably believes that a resident is in need of another medical or health service, including a licensed health professional, or social service provider, the facility shall:

 

(1) determine the resident's preferences with respect to obtaining the service; and

 

(2) inform the resident of the resources available, if known, to assist the resident in obtaining services.

 

Subd. 6.  Medical cannabis.  Assisted living facilities may exercise the authority and are subject to the protections in section 152.34.


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Subd. 7.  Request for discontinuation of life-sustaining treatment.  (a) If a resident, family member, or other caregiver of the resident requests that an employee or other agent of the facility discontinue a life-sustaining treatment, the employee or agent receiving the request:

 

(1) shall take no action to discontinue the treatment; and

 

(2) shall promptly inform the supervisor or other agent of the facility of the resident's request.

 

(b) Upon being informed of a request for discontinuance of treatment, the facility shall promptly:

 

(1) inform the resident that the request will be made known to the physician or advanced practice registered nurse who ordered the resident's treatment;

 

(2) inform the physician or advanced practice registered nurse of the resident's request; and

 

(3) work with the resident and the resident's physician or advanced practice registered nurse to comply with chapter 145C.

 

(c) This section does not require the facility to discontinue treatment, except as may be required by law or court order.

 

(d) This section does not diminish the rights of residents to control their treatments, refuse services, or terminate their relationships with the facility.

 

(e) This section shall be construed in a manner consistent with chapter 145B or 145C, whichever applies, and declarations made by residents under those chapters.

 

Subd. 8.  Applicability of other law.  Assisted living facilities are subject to and must comply with chapter 504B.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 19.  [144I.17] MEDICATION MANAGEMENT.

 

Subdivision 1.  Medication management services.  (a) This section applies only to assisted living facilities that provide medication management services. 

 

(b) An assisted living facility that provides medication management services must develop, implement, and maintain current written medication management policies and procedures.  The policies and procedures must be developed under the supervision and direction of a registered nurse, licensed health professional, or pharmacist consistent with current practice standards and guidelines.

 

(c) The written policies and procedures must address requesting and receiving prescriptions for medications; preparing and giving medications; verifying that prescription drugs are administered as prescribed; documenting medication management activities; controlling and storing medications; monitoring and evaluating medication use; resolving medication errors; communicating with the prescriber, pharmacist, and resident and legal and designated representatives; disposing of unused medications; and educating residents and legal and designated representatives about medications.  When controlled substances are being managed, the policies and procedures must also identify how the provider will ensure security and accountability for the overall management, control, and disposition of those substances in compliance with state and federal regulations and with subdivision 23.


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Subd. 2.  Provision of medication management services.  (a) For each resident who requests medication management services, the facility shall, prior to providing medication management services, have a registered nurse, licensed health professional, or authorized prescriber under section 151.37 conduct an assessment to determine what medication management services will be provided and how the services will be provided.  This assessment must be conducted face-to-face with the resident.  The assessment must include an identification and review of all medications the resident is known to be taking.  The review and identification must include indications for medications, side effects, contraindications, allergic or adverse reactions, and actions to address these issues.

 

(b) The assessment must identify interventions needed in management of medications to prevent diversion of medication by the resident or others who may have access to the medications and provide instructions to the resident and legal and designated representatives on interventions to manage the resident's medications and prevent diversion of medications.  For purposes of this section, "diversion of medication" means misuse, theft, or illegal or improper disposition of medications.

 

Subd. 3.  Individualized medication monitoring and reassessment.  The assisted living facility must monitor and reassess the resident's medication management services as needed under subdivision 2 when the resident presents with symptoms or other issues that may be medication-related and, at a minimum, annually.

 

Subd. 4.  Resident refusal.  The assisted living facility must document in the resident's record any refusal for an assessment for medication management by the resident.  The facility must discuss with the resident the possible consequences of the resident's refusal and document the discussion in the resident's record.

 

Subd. 5.  Individualized medication management plan.  (a) For each resident receiving medication management services, the assisted living facility must prepare and include in the service plan a written statement of the medication management services that will be provided to the resident.  The facility must develop and maintain a current individualized medication management record for each resident based on the resident's assessment that must contain the following:

 

(1) a statement describing the medication management services that will be provided;

 

(2) a description of storage of medications based on the resident's needs and preferences, risk of diversion, and consistent with the manufacturer's directions;

 

(3) documentation of specific resident instructions relating to the administration of medications;

 

(4) identification of persons responsible for monitoring medication supplies and ensuring that medication refills are ordered on a timely basis;

 

(5) identification of medication management tasks that may be delegated to unlicensed personnel;

 

(6) procedures for staff notifying a registered nurse or appropriate licensed health professional when a problem arises with medication management services; and

 

(7) any resident-specific requirements relating to documenting medication administration, verifications that all medications are administered as prescribed, and monitoring of medication use to prevent possible complications or adverse reactions.

 

(b) The medication management record must be current and updated when there are any changes.

 

(c) Medication reconciliation must be completed when a licensed nurse, licensed health professional, or authorized prescriber is providing medication management.


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Subd. 6.  Administration of medication.  Medications may be administered by a nurse, physician, or other licensed health practitioner authorized to administer medications or by unlicensed personnel who have been delegated medication administration tasks by a registered nurse.

 

Subd. 7.  Delegation of medication administration.  When administration of medications is delegated to unlicensed personnel, the assisted living facility must ensure that the registered nurse has:

 

(1) instructed the unlicensed personnel in the proper methods to administer the medications, and the unlicensed personnel has demonstrated the ability to competently follow the procedures;

 

(2) specified, in writing, specific instructions for each resident and documented those instructions in the resident's records; and

 

(3) communicated with the unlicensed personnel about the individual needs of the resident.

 

Subd. 8.  Documentation of administration of medications.  Each medication administered by the assisted living facility staff must be documented in the resident's record.  The documentation must include the signature and title of the person who administered the medication.  The documentation must include the medication name, dosage, date and time administered, and method and route of administration.  The staff must document the reason why medication administration was not completed as prescribed and document any follow-up procedures that were provided to meet the resident's needs when medication was not administered as prescribed and in compliance with the resident's medication management plan.

 

Subd. 9.  Documentation of medication setup.  Documentation of dates of medication setup, name of medication, quantity of dose, times to be administered, route of administration, and name of person completing medication setup must be done at the time of setup.

 

Subd. 10.  Medication management for residents who will be away from home.  (a) An assisted living facility that is providing medication management services to the resident must develop and implement policies and procedures for giving accurate and current medications to residents for planned or unplanned times away from home according to the resident's individualized medication management plan.  The policies and procedures must state that:

 

(1) for planned time away, the medications must be obtained from the pharmacy or set up by the licensed nurse according to appropriate state and federal laws and nursing standards of practice;

 

(2) for unplanned time away, when the pharmacy is not able to provide the medications, a licensed nurse or unlicensed personnel shall give the resident or a legal representative medications in amounts and dosages needed for the length of the anticipated absence, not to exceed seven calendar days;

 

(3) the resident and a legal or designated representative must be provided written information on medications, including any special instructions for administering or handling the medications, including controlled substances;

 

(4) the medications must be placed in a medication container or containers appropriate to the provider's medication system and must be labeled with the resident's name and the dates and times that the medications are scheduled; and

 

(5) the resident and legal and designated representative must be provided in writing the facility's name and information on how to contact the facility.

 

(b) For unplanned time away when the licensed nurse is not available, the registered nurse may delegate this task to unlicensed personnel if:


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(1) the registered nurse has trained the unlicensed staff and determined the unlicensed staff is competent to follow the procedures for giving medications to residents; and

 

(2) the registered nurse has developed written procedures for the unlicensed personnel, including any special instructions or procedures regarding controlled substances that are prescribed for the resident.  The procedures must address:

 

(i) the type of container or containers to be used for the medications appropriate to the provider's medication system;

 

(ii) how the container or containers must be labeled;

 

(iii) written information about the medications to be given to the resident or designated representative;

 

(iv) how the unlicensed staff must document in the resident's record that medications have been given to the resident and the designated representative, including documenting the date the medications were given to the resident or the designated representative and who received the medications, the person who gave the medications to the resident, the number of medications that were given to the resident, and other required information;

 

(v) how the registered nurse shall be notified that medications have been given to the resident or designated representative and whether the registered nurse needs to be contacted before the medications are given to the resident or the designated representative;

 

(vi) a review by the registered nurse of the completion of this task to verify that this task was completed accurately by the unlicensed personnel; and

 

(vii) how the unlicensed personnel must document in the resident's record any unused medications that are returned to the facility, including the name of each medication and the doses of each returned medication.

 

Subd. 11.  Prescribed and nonprescribed medication.  The assisted living facility must determine whether the facility shall require a prescription for all medications the provider manages.  The facility must inform the resident and the legal and designated representatives whether the facility requires a prescription for all over-the-counter and dietary supplements before the facility agrees to manage those medications.

 

Subd. 12.  Medications; over-the-counter drugs; dietary supplements not prescribed.  An assisted living facility providing medication management services for over-the-counter drugs or dietary supplements must retain those items in the original labeled container with directions for use prior to setting up for immediate or later administration.  The facility must verify that the medications are up to date and stored as appropriate.

 

Subd. 13.  Prescriptions.  There must be a current written or electronically recorded prescription as defined in section 151.01, subdivision 16a, for all prescribed medications that the assisted living facility is managing for the resident.

 

Subd. 14.  Renewal of prescriptions.  Prescriptions must be renewed at least every 12 months or more frequently as indicated by the assessment in subdivision 2.  Prescriptions for controlled substances must comply with chapter 152.

 

Subd. 15.  Verbal prescription orders.  Verbal prescription orders from an authorized prescriber must be received by a nurse or pharmacist.  The order must be handled according to Minnesota Rules, part 6800.6200.


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Subd. 16.  Written or electronic prescription.  When a written or electronic prescription is received, it must be communicated to the registered nurse in charge and recorded or placed in the resident's record.

 

Subd. 17.  Records confidential.  A prescription or order received verbally, in writing, or electronically must be kept confidential according to sections 144.291 to 144.298 and 144A.44.

 

Subd. 18.  Medications provided by resident or family members.  When the assisted living facility is aware of any medications or dietary supplements that are being used by the resident and are not included in the assessment for medication management services, the staff must advise the registered nurse and document that in the resident record.

 

Subd. 19.  Storage of medications.  An assisted living facility must store all prescription medications in securely locked and substantially constructed compartments according to the manufacturer's directions and permit only authorized personnel to have access.

 

Subd. 20.  Prescription drugs.  A prescription drug, prior to being set up for immediate or later administration, must be kept in the original container in which it was dispensed by the pharmacy bearing the original prescription label with legible information including the expiration or beyond-use date of a time-dated drug.

 

Subd. 21.  Prohibitions.  No prescription drug supply for one resident may be used or saved for use by anyone other than the resident.

 

Subd. 22.  Disposition of medications.  (a) Any current medications being managed by the assisted living facility must be given to the resident or the designated representative when the resident's service plan ends or medication management services are no longer part of the service plan.  Medications for a resident who is deceased or that have been discontinued or have expired may be given to the resident or the designated representative for disposal.

 

(b) The facility shall dispose of any medications remaining with the facility that are discontinued or expired or upon the termination of the service contract or the resident's death according to state and federal regulations for disposition of medications and controlled substances.

 

(c) Upon disposition, the facility must document in the resident's record the disposition of the medication including the medication's name, strength, prescription number as applicable, quantity, to whom the medications were given, date of disposition, and names of staff and other individuals involved in the disposition.

 

Subd. 23.  Loss or spillage.  (a) Assisted living facilities providing medication management must develop and implement procedures for loss or spillage of all controlled substances defined in Minnesota Rules, part 6800.4220.  These procedures must require that when a spillage of a controlled substance occurs, a notation must be made in the resident's record explaining the spillage and the actions taken.  The notation must be signed by the person responsible for the spillage and include verification that any contaminated substance was disposed of according to state or federal regulations.

 

(b) The procedures must require that the facility providing medication management investigate any known loss or unaccounted for prescription drugs and take appropriate action required under state or federal regulations and document the investigation in required records.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.


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Sec. 20.  [144I.18] TREATMENT AND THERAPY MANAGEMENT SERVICES.

 

Subdivision 1.  Treatment and therapy management services.  This section applies only to assisted living facilities that provide treatment and therapy management services.

 

Subd. 2.  Policies and procedures.  (a) An assisted living facility that provides treatment and therapy management services must develop, implement, and maintain up-to-date written treatment or therapy management policies and procedures.  The policies and procedures must be developed under the supervision and direction of a registered nurse or appropriate licensed health professional consistent with current practice standards and guidelines.

 

(b) The written policies and procedures must address requesting and receiving orders or prescriptions for treatments or therapies, providing the treatment or therapy, documenting treatment or therapy activities, educating and communicating with residents about treatments or therapies they are receiving, monitoring and evaluating the treatment or therapy, and communicating with the prescriber.

 

Subd. 3.  Individualized treatment or therapy management plan.  For each resident receiving management of ordered or prescribed treatments or therapy services, the assisted living facility must prepare and include in the service plan a written statement of the treatment or therapy services that will be provided to the resident.  The facility must also develop and maintain a current individualized treatment and therapy management record for each resident which must contain at least the following:

 

(1) a statement of the type of services that will be provided;

 

(2) documentation of specific resident instructions relating to the treatments or therapy administration;

 

(3) identification of treatment or therapy tasks that will be delegated to unlicensed personnel;

 

(4) procedures for notifying a registered nurse or appropriate licensed health professional when a problem arises with treatments or therapy services; and

 

(5) any resident-specific requirements relating to documentation of treatment and therapy received, verification that all treatment and therapy was administered as prescribed, and monitoring of treatment or therapy to prevent possible complications or adverse reactions.  The treatment or therapy management record must be current and updated when there are any changes.

 

Subd. 4.  Administration of treatments and therapy.  Ordered or prescribed treatments or therapies must be administered by a nurse, physician, or other licensed health professional authorized to perform the treatment or therapy, or may be delegated or assigned to unlicensed personnel by the licensed health professional according to the appropriate practice standards for delegation or assignment.  When administration of a treatment or therapy is delegated or assigned to unlicensed personnel, the facility must ensure that the registered nurse or authorized licensed health professional has:

 

(1) instructed the unlicensed personnel in the proper methods with respect to each resident and the unlicensed personnel has demonstrated the ability to competently follow the procedures;

 

(2) specified, in writing, specific instructions for each resident and documented those instructions in the resident's record; and

 

(3) communicated with the unlicensed personnel about the individual needs of the resident.


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Subd. 5.  Documentation of administration of treatments and therapies.  Each treatment or therapy administered by an assisted living facility must be in the resident record.  The documentation must include the signature and title of the person who administered the treatment or therapy and must include the date and time of administration.  When treatment or therapies are not administered as ordered or prescribed, the provider must document the reason why it was not administered and any follow-up procedures that were provided to meet the resident's needs.

 

Subd. 6.  Treatment and therapy orders.  There must be an up-to-date written or electronically recorded order from an authorized prescriber for all treatments and therapies.  The order must contain the name of the resident, a description of the treatment or therapy to be provided, and the frequency, duration, and other information needed to administer the treatment or therapy.  Treatment and therapy orders must be renewed at least every 12 months.

 

Subd. 7.  Right to outside service provider; other payors.  Under section 144I.101, a resident is free to retain therapy and treatment services from an off-site service provider.  Assisted living facilities must make every effort to assist residents in obtaining information regarding whether the Medicare program, the medical assistance program under chapter 256B, or another public program will pay for any or all of the services.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 21.  [144I.19] RESIDENT RECORD REQUIREMENTS.

 

Subdivision 1.  Resident record.  (a) Assisted living facilities must maintain records for each resident for whom it is providing services.  Entries in the resident records must be current, legible, permanently recorded, dated, and authenticated with the name and title of the person making the entry.

 

(b) Resident records, whether written or electronic, must be protected against loss, tampering, or unauthorized disclosure in compliance with chapter 13 and other applicable relevant federal and state laws.  The facility shall establish and implement written procedures to control use, storage, and security of resident records and establish criteria for release of resident information.

 

(c) The facility may not disclose to any other person any personal, financial, or medical information about the resident, except:

 

(1) as may be required by law;

 

(2) to employees or contractors of the facility, another facility, other health care practitioner or provider, or inpatient facility needing information in order to provide services to the resident, but only the information that is necessary for the provision of services;

 

(3) to persons authorized in writing by the resident or the legal representative to receive the information, including third-party payers; and

 

(4) to representatives of the commissioner authorized to survey or investigate facilities under this chapter or federal laws.

 

Subd. 2.  Access to records.  The facility must ensure that the appropriate records are readily available to employees and contractors authorized to access the records.  Resident records must be maintained in a manner that allows for timely access, printing, or transmission of the records.  The records must be made readily available to the commissioner upon request.


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Subd. 3.  Contents of resident record.  Contents of a resident record include the following for each resident:

 

(1) identifying information, including the resident's name, date of birth, address, and telephone number;

 

(2) the name, address, and telephone number of an emergency contact, family members, designated representative, if any, legal representative, if any, or others as identified;

 

(3) names, addresses, and telephone numbers of the resident's health and medical service providers, if known;

 

(4) health information, including medical history, allergies, and when the provider is managing medications, treatments or therapies that require documentation, and other relevant health records;

 

(5) the resident's advance directives, if any;

 

(6) copies of any health care directives, guardianships, powers of attorney, or conservatorships;

 

(7) the facility's current and previous assessments and service plans;

 

(8) all records of communications pertinent to the resident's services;

 

(9) documentation of significant changes in the resident's status and actions taken in response to the needs of the resident, including reporting to the appropriate supervisor or health care professional;

 

(10) documentation of incidents involving the resident and actions taken in response to the needs of the resident, including reporting to the appropriate supervisor or health care professional;

 

(11) documentation that services have been provided as identified in the service plan;

 

(12) documentation that the resident has received and reviewed the assisted living bill of rights;

 

(13) documentation of complaints received and any resolution;

 

(14) a discharge summary, including service termination notice and related documentation, when applicable; and

 

(15) other documentation required under this chapter and relevant to the resident's services or status.

 

Subd. 4.  Transfer of resident records.  With the resident's knowledge and consent, if a resident is relocated to another facility or to a nursing home, or if care is transferred to another service provider, the facility must timely convey to the new facility, nursing home, or provider:

 

(1) the resident's full name, date of birth, and insurance information;

 

(2) the name, telephone number, and address of the resident's designated representatives and legal representatives, if any;

 

(3) the resident's current documented diagnoses that are relevant to the services being provided;

 

(4) the resident's known allergies that are relevant to the services being provided;

 

(5) the name and telephone number of the resident's physician, if known, and the current physician orders that are relevant to the services being provided;


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(6) all medication administration records that are relevant to the services being provided;

 

(7) the most recent resident assessment, if relevant to the services being provided; and

 

(8) copies of health care directives, "do not resuscitate" orders, and any guardianship orders or powers of attorney.

 

Subd. 5.  Record retention.  Following the resident's discharge or termination of services, an assisted living facility must retain a resident's record for at least five years or as otherwise required by state or federal regulations.  Arrangements must be made for secure storage and retrieval of resident records if the facility ceases to operate.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 22.  [144I.20] ORIENTATION AND ANNUAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS.

 

Subdivision 1.  Orientation of staff and supervisors.  All staff providing and supervising direct services must complete an orientation to assisted living facility licensing requirements and regulations before providing assisted living services to residents.  The orientation may be incorporated into the training required under subdivision 6.  The orientation need only be completed once for each staff person and is not transferable to another facility.

 

Subd. 2.  Content.  (a) The orientation must contain the following topics:

 

(1) an overview of this chapter;

 

(2) an introduction and review of the facility's policies and procedures related to the provision of assisted living services by the individual staff person;

 

(3) handling of emergencies and use of emergency services;

 

(4) compliance with and reporting of the maltreatment of vulnerable adults under section 626.557 to the Minnesota Adult Abuse Reporting Center (MAARC);

 

(5) the assisted living bill of rights and staff responsibilities related to ensuring the exercise and protection of those rights;

 

(6) the principles of person-centered planning and service delivery and how they apply to direct support services provided by the staff person;

 

(7) handling of residents' complaints, reporting of complaints, and where to report complaints, including information on the Office of Health Facility Complaints;

 

(8) consumer advocacy services of the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care, Office of Ombudsman for Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities, Managed Care Ombudsman at the Department of Human Services, county-managed care advocates, or other relevant advocacy services; and

 

(9) a review of the types of assisted living services the employee will be providing and the facility's category of licensure.

 

(b) In addition to the topics in paragraph (a), orientation may also contain training on providing services to residents with hearing loss.  Any training on hearing loss provided under this subdivision must be high quality and research based, may include online training, and must include training on one or more of the following topics:


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(1) an explanation of age-related hearing loss and how it manifests itself, its prevalence, and the challenges it poses to communication;

 

(2) health impacts related to untreated age-related hearing loss, such as increased incidence of dementia, falls, hospitalizations, isolation, and depression; or

 

(3) information about strategies and technology that may enhance communication and involvement, including communication strategies, assistive listening devices, hearing aids, visual and tactile alerting devices, communication access in real time, and closed captions.

 

Subd. 3.  Verification and documentation of orientation and training.  The assisted living facility shall retain evidence in the employee record of each staff person having completed the orientation and training required by this section.

 

Subd. 4.  Orientation to resident.  Staff providing assisted living services must be oriented specifically to each individual resident and the services to be provided.  This orientation may be provided in person, orally, in writing, or electronically.

 

Subd. 5.  Training required relating to dementia.  All direct care staff and supervisors providing direct services must demonstrate an understanding of the training specified in section 144I.21.

 

Subd. 6.  Required annual training.  (a) All staff that perform direct services must complete at least eight hours of annual training for each 12 months of employment.  The training may be obtained from the facility or another source and must include topics relevant to the provision of assisted living services.  The annual training must include:

 

(1) training on reporting of maltreatment of vulnerable adults under section 626.557;

 

(2) review of the assisted living bill of rights and staff responsibilities related to ensuring the exercise and protection of those rights;

 

(3) review of infection control techniques used in the home and implementation of infection control standards including a review of hand washing techniques; the need for and use of protective gloves, gowns, and masks; appropriate disposal of contaminated materials and equipment, such as dressings, needles, syringes, and razor blades; disinfecting reusable equipment; disinfecting environmental surfaces; and reporting communicable diseases;

 

(4) effective approaches to use to problem solve when working with a resident's challenging behaviors, and how to communicate with residents who have dementia, Alzheimer's disease, or related disorders;

 

(5) review of the facility's policies and procedures relating to the provision of assisted living services and how to implement those policies and procedures; and

 

(6) the principles of person-centered planning and service delivery and how they apply to direct support services provided by the staff person.

 

(b) In addition to the topics in paragraph (a), annual training may also contain training on providing services to residents with hearing loss.  Any training on hearing loss provided under this subdivision must be high quality and research based, may include online training, and must include training on one or more of the following topics:

 

(1) an explanation of age-related hearing loss and how it manifests itself, its prevalence, and challenges it poses to communication;


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(2) the health impacts related to untreated age-related hearing loss, such as increased incidence of dementia, falls, hospitalizations, isolation, and depression; or

 

(3) information about strategies and technology that may enhance communication and involvement, including communication strategies, assistive listening devices, hearing aids, visual and tactile alerting devices, communication access in real time, and closed captions.

 

Subd. 7.  Implementation.  The assisted living facility must implement all orientation and training topics covered in this section.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 23.  [144I.21] TRAINING IN DEMENTIA CARE REQUIRED.

 

(a) All assisted living facilities must meet the following training requirements:

 

(1) supervisors of direct-care staff must have at least eight hours of initial training on topics specified under paragraph (b) within 120 working hours of the employment start date, and must have at least two hours of training on topics related to dementia care for each 12 months of employment thereafter;

 

(2) direct-care employees must have completed at least eight hours of initial training on topics specified under paragraph (b) within 160 working hours of the employment start date.  Until this initial training is complete, an employee must not provide direct care unless there is another employee on site who has completed the initial eight hours of training on topics related to dementia care and who can act as a resource and assist if issues arise.  A trainer of the requirements under paragraph (b) or a supervisor meeting the requirements in clause (1) must be available for consultation with the new employee until the training requirement is complete.  Direct-care employees must have at least two hours of training on topics related to dementia for each 12 months of employment thereafter;

 

(3) for assisted living facilities with dementia care, direct care employees must have completed at least eight hours of initial training on topics specified under paragraph (b) within 80 working hours of the employment start date.  Until this initial training is complete, an employee must not provide direct care unless there is another employee on site who has completed the initial eight hours of training on topics related to dementia care and who can act as a resource and assist if issues arise.  A trainer of the requirements under paragraph (b) or a supervisor meeting the requirements in clause (1) must be available for consultation with the new employee until the training requirement is complete.  Direct-care employees must have at least two hours of training on topics related to dementia for each 12 months of employment thereafter;

 

(4) staff who do not provide direct care, including maintenance, housekeeping, and food service staff, must have at least four hours of initial training on topics specified under paragraph (b) within 160 working hours of the employment start date, and must have at least two hours of training on topics related to dementia care for each 12 months of employment thereafter; and

 

(5) new employees may satisfy the initial training requirements by producing written proof of previously completed required training within the past 18 months.

 

(b) Areas of required training include:

 

(1) an explanation of Alzheimer's disease and other dementias;

 

(2) assistance with activities of daily living;


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(3) problem solving with challenging behaviors;

 

(4) communication skills; and

 

(5) person-centered planning and service delivery.

 

(c) The facility shall provide to consumers in written or electronic form a description of the training program, the categories of employees trained, the frequency of training, and the basic topics covered.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 24.  [144I.22] CONTROLLING INDIVIDUAL RESTRICTIONS.

 

Subdivision 1.  Restrictions.  (a) The commissioner has discretion to bar any controlling individual of a facility if the person was a controlling individual of any other nursing home or assisted living facility in the previous two‑year period and:

 

(1) during that period of time the nursing home or assisted living facility incurred the following number of uncorrected or repeated violations:

 

(i) two or more repeated violations that created an imminent risk to direct resident care or safety; or

 

(ii) four or more uncorrected violations that created an imminent risk to direct resident care or safety; or

 

(2) during that period of time, was convicted of a felony or gross misdemeanor that related to the operation of the nursing home or assisted living facility, or directly affected resident safety or care.

 

(b) When the commissioner bars a controlling individual under this subdivision, the controlling individual may appeal the commissioner's decision under chapter 14.

 

Subd. 2.  Exception.  Subdivision 1 does not apply to any controlling individual of the facility who had no legal authority to affect or change decisions related to the operation of the nursing home or assisted living facility that incurred the uncorrected violations.

 

Subd. 3.  Stay of adverse action required by controlling individual restrictions.  (a) In lieu of revoking, suspending, or refusing to renew the license of a facility where a controlling individual was disqualified by subdivision 1, paragraph (a), clause (1), the commissioner may issue an order staying the revocation, suspension, or nonrenewal of the facility's license.  The order may but need not be contingent upon the facility's compliance with restrictions and conditions imposed on the license to ensure the proper operation of the facility and to protect the health, safety, comfort, treatment, and well-being of the residents in the facility.  The decision to issue an order for a stay must be made within 90 calendar days of the commissioner's determination that a controlling individual of the facility is disqualified by subdivision 1, paragraph (a), clause (1), from operating a facility.

 

(b) In determining whether to issue a stay and to impose conditions and restrictions, the commissioner must consider the following factors:

 

(1) the ability of the controlling individual to operate other facilities in accordance with the licensure rules and laws;

 

(2) the conditions in the nursing home or assisted living facility that received the number and type of uncorrected or repeated violations described in subdivision 1, paragraph (a), clause (1); and


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(3) the conditions and compliance history of each of the nursing homes and assisted living facilities owned or operated by the controlling individual.

 

(c) The commissioner's decision to exercise the authority under this subdivision in lieu of revoking, suspending, or refusing to renew the license of the facility is not subject to administrative or judicial review.

 

(d) The order for the stay of revocation, suspension, or nonrenewal of the facility license must include any conditions and restrictions on the license that the commissioner deems necessary based on the factors listed in paragraph (b).

 

(e) Prior to issuing an order for stay of revocation, suspension, or nonrenewal, the commissioner shall inform the licensee and the controlling individual in writing of any conditions and restrictions that will be imposed.  The controlling individual shall, within ten working days, notify the commissioner in writing of a decision to accept or reject the conditions and restrictions.  If any of the conditions or restrictions are rejected, the commissioner must either modify the conditions and restrictions or take action to suspend, revoke, or not renew the facility's license.

 

(f) Upon issuance of the order for a stay of revocation, suspension, or nonrenewal, the controlling individual shall be responsible for compliance with the conditions and restrictions.  Any time after the conditions and restrictions have been in place for 180 days, the controlling individual may petition the commissioner for removal or modification of the conditions and restrictions.  The commissioner must respond to the petition within 30 days of receipt of the written petition.  If the commissioner denies the petition, the controlling individual may request a hearing under chapter 14.  Any hearing shall be limited to a determination of whether the conditions and restrictions shall be modified or removed.  At the hearing, the controlling individual bears the burden of proof.

 

(g) The failure of the controlling individual to comply with the conditions and restrictions contained in the order for stay shall result in the immediate removal of the stay and the commissioner shall take action to suspend, revoke, or not renew the license.

 

(h) The conditions and restrictions are effective for two years after the date they are imposed.

 

(i) Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to limit in any way the commissioner's ability to impose other sanctions against a licensee under the standards in state or federal law whether or not a stay of revocation, suspension, or nonrenewal is issued.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 25.  [144I.24] MINIMUM SITE, PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT, AND FIRE SAFETY REQUIREMENTS.

 

Subdivision 1.  Requirements.  (a) The following are required for all assisted living facilities:

 

(1) public utilities must be available, and working or inspected and approved water and septic systems must be in place;

 

(2) the location must be publicly accessible to fire department services and emergency medical services;

 

(3) the location's topography must provide sufficient natural drainage and is not subject to flooding;

 

(4) all-weather roads and walks must be provided within the lot lines to the primary entrance and the service entrance, including employees' and visitors' parking at the site; and

 

(5) the location must include space for outdoor activities for residents.


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(b) An assisted living facility with dementia care that has a secured dementia care unit must also meet the following requirements:

 

(1) a hazard vulnerability assessment or safety risk must be performed on and around the property.  The hazards indicated on the assessment must be assessed and mitigated to protect the residents from harm; and

 

(2) the facility shall be protected throughout by an approved supervised automatic sprinkler system by August 1, 2029.

 

Subd. 2.  Fire protection and physical environment.  (a) Each assisted living facility must have a comprehensive fire protection system that includes:

 

(1) protection throughout by an approved supervised automatic sprinkler system according to building code requirements established in Minnesota Rules, part 1305.0903, or smoke detectors in each occupied room installed and maintained in accordance with the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Standard 72;

 

(2) portable fire extinguishers installed and tested in accordance with the NFPA Standard 10; and

 

(3) the physical environment, including walls, floors, ceiling, all furnishings, grounds, systems, and equipment that is kept in a continuous state of good repair and operation with regard to the health, safety, comfort, and well-being of the residents in accordance with a maintenance and repair program.

 

(b) Fire drills in assisted living facilities shall be conducted in accordance with the residential board and care requirements in the Life Safety Code, except that fire drills in secured dementia care units shall be conducted in accordance with the healthcare (limited care) chapter of the Life Safety Code.

 

(c) Existing construction or elements, including assisted living facilities that were registered as housing with services establishments under chapter 144D prior to August 1, 2021, shall be permitted to be continued in use provided such use does not constitute a distinct hazard to life.  Any existing elements that an authority having jurisdiction deems a distinct hazard to life must be corrected.  The facility must document in the facility's records any actions taken to comply with a correction order, and must submit to the commissioner for review and approval prior to correction.

 

Subd. 3.  Local laws apply.  Assisted living facilities shall comply with all applicable state and local governing laws, regulations, standards, ordinances, and codes for fire safety, building, and zoning requirements.

 

Subd. 4.  Design requirements.  (a) All assisted living facilities with six or more residents must meet the provisions relevant to assisted living facilities in the most current edition of the Facility Guidelines Institute "Guidelines for Design and Construction of Residential Health, Care and Support Facilities" and of adopted rules.  This minimum design standard must be met for all new licenses, new construction, modifications, renovations, alterations, changes of use, or additions.  In addition to the guidelines, assisted living facilities shall provide the option of a bath in addition to a shower for all residents.

 

(b) If the commissioner decides to update the edition of the guidelines specified in paragraph (a) for purposes of this subdivision, the commissioner must notify the chairs and ranking minority members of the legislative committees and divisions with jurisdiction over health care and public safety of the planned update by January 15 of the year in which the new edition will become effective.  Following notice from the commissioner, the new edition shall become effective for assisted living facilities beginning August 1 of that year, unless provided otherwise in law.  The commissioner shall, by publication in the State Register, specify a date by which facilities must comply with the updated edition.  The date by which facilities must comply shall not be sooner than six months after publication of the commissioner's notice in the State Register.


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Subd. 5.  Assisted living facilities; life safety code.  (a) All assisted living facilities with six or more residents must meet the applicable provisions of the most current edition of the NFPA Standard 101, Life Safety Code, Residential Board and Care Occupancies chapter.  The minimum design standard shall be met for all new licenses, new construction, modifications, renovations, alterations, changes of use, or additions.

 

(b) If the commissioner decides to update the Life Safety Code for purposes of this subdivision, the commissioner must notify the chairs and ranking minority members of the legislative committees and divisions with jurisdiction over health care and public safety of the planned update by January 15 of the year in which the new Life Safety Code will become effective.  Following notice from the commissioner, the new edition shall become effective for assisted living facilities beginning August 1 of that year, unless provided otherwise in law.  The commissioner shall, by publication in the State Register, specify a date by which facilities must comply with the updated Life Safety Code.  The date by which facilities must comply shall not be sooner than six months after publication of the commissioner's notice in the State Register.

 

Subd. 6.  Assisted living facilities with dementia care and secured dementia care unit; Life Safety Code.  (a) All assisted living facilities with dementia care and a secured dementia care unit must meet the applicable provisions of the most current edition of the NFPA Standard 101, Life Safety Code, Healthcare (limited care) chapter.  The minimum design standards shall be met for all new licenses, new construction, modifications, renovations, alterations, changes of use, or additions.

 

(b) If the commissioner decides to update the Life Safety Code for purposes of this subdivision, the commissioner must notify the chairs and ranking minority members of the legislative committees and divisions with jurisdiction over health care and public safety of the planned update by January 15 of the year in which the new Life Safety Code will become effective.  Following notice from the commissioner, the new edition shall become effective for assisted living facilities with dementia care and a secured dementia care unit beginning August 1 of that year, unless provided otherwise in law.  The commissioner shall, by publication in the State Register, specify a date by which these facilities must comply with the updated Life Safety Code.  The date by which these facilities must comply shall not be sooner than six months after publication of the commissioner's notice in the State Register.

 

Subd. 7.  New construction; plans.  (a) For all new licensure and construction beginning on or after August 1, 2021, the following must be provided to the commissioner:

 

(1) architectural and engineering plans and specifications for new construction must be prepared and signed by architects and engineers who are registered in Minnesota.  Final working drawings and specifications for proposed construction must be submitted to the commissioner for review and approval;

 

(2) final architectural plans and specifications must include elevations and sections through the building showing types of construction, and must indicate dimensions and assignments of rooms and areas, room finishes, door types and hardware, elevations and details of nurses' work areas, utility rooms, toilet and bathing areas, and large-scale layouts of dietary and laundry areas.  Plans must show the location of fixed equipment and sections and details of elevators, chutes, and other conveying systems.  Fire walls and smoke partitions must be indicated.  The roof plan must show all mechanical installations.  The site plan must indicate the proposed and existing buildings, topography, roadways, walks and utility service lines; and

 

(3) final mechanical and electrical plans and specifications must address the complete layout and type of all installations, systems, and equipment to be provided.  Heating plans must include heating elements, piping, thermostatic controls, pumps, tanks, heat exchangers, boilers, breeching, and accessories.  Ventilation plans must include room air quantities, ducts, fire and smoke dampers, exhaust fans, humidifiers, and air handling units.  Plumbing plans must include the fixtures and equipment fixture schedule; water supply and circulating piping,


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pumps, tanks, riser diagrams, and building drains; the size, location, and elevation of water and sewer services; and the building fire protection systems.  Electrical plans must include fixtures and equipment, receptacles, switches, power outlets, circuits, power and light panels, transformers, and service feeders.  Plans must show location of nurse call signals, cable lines, fire alarm stations, and fire detectors and emergency lighting.

 

(b) Unless construction is begun within one year after approval of the final working drawing and specifications, the drawings must be resubmitted for review and approval.

 

(c) The commissioner must be notified within 30 days before completion of construction so that the commissioner can make arrangements for a final inspection by the commissioner.

 

(d) At least one set of complete life safety plans, including changes resulting from remodeling or alterations, must be kept on file in the facility.

 

Subd. 8.  Variances or waivers.  (a) A facility may request that the commissioner grant a variance or waiver from the provisions of this section.  A request for a waiver must be submitted to the commissioner in writing.  Each request must contain:

 

(1) the specific requirement for which the variance or waiver is requested;

 

(2) the reasons for the request;

 

(3) the alternative measures that will be taken if a variance or waiver is granted;

 

(4) the length of time for which the variance or waiver is requested; and

 

(5) other relevant information deemed necessary by the commissioner to properly evaluate the request for the waiver.

 

(b) The decision to grant or deny a variance or waiver must be based on the commissioner's evaluation of the following criteria:

 

(1) whether the waiver will adversely affect the health, treatment, comfort, safety, or well-being of a resident;

 

(2) whether the alternative measures to be taken, if any, are equivalent to or superior to those prescribed in this section; and

 

(3) whether compliance with the requirements would impose an undue burden on the facility.

 

(c) The commissioner must notify the facility in writing of the decision.  If a variance or waiver is granted, the notification must specify the period of time for which the variance or waiver is effective and the alternative measures or conditions, if any, to be met by the facility.

 

(d) Alternative measures or conditions attached to a variance or waiver have the force and effect of this chapter and are subject to the issuance of correction orders and fines in accordance with sections 144I.30, subdivision 7, and 144I.31.  The amount of fines for a violation of this subdivision is that specified for the specific requirement for which the variance or waiver was requested.

 

(e) A request for renewal of a variance or waiver must be submitted in writing at least 45 days before its expiration date.  Renewal requests must contain the information specified in paragraph (b).  A variance or waiver must be renewed by the commissioner if the facility continues to satisfy the criteria in paragraph (a) and demonstrates compliance with the alternative measures or conditions imposed at the time the original variance or waiver was granted.


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(f) The commissioner must deny, revoke, or refuse to renew a variance or waiver if it is determined that the criteria in paragraph (a) are not met.  The facility must be notified in writing of the reasons for the decision and informed of the right to appeal the decision. 

 

(g) A facility may contest the denial, revocation, or refusal to renew a variance or waiver by requesting a contested case hearing under chapter 14.  The facility must submit, within 15 days of the receipt of the commissioner's decision, a written request for a hearing.  The request for hearing must set forth in detail the reasons why the facility contends the decision of the commissioner should be reversed or modified.  At the hearing, the facility has the burden of proving by a preponderance of the evidence that the facility satisfied the criteria specified in paragraph (b), except in a proceeding challenging the revocation of a variance or waiver.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 26.  [144I.25] ASSISTED LIVING CONTRACT REQUIREMENTS.

 

Subdivision 1.  Contract required.  (a) An assisted living facility may not offer or provide housing or assisted living services to a resident unless it has executed a written contract with the resident.

 

(b) The contract must contain all the terms concerning the provision of:

 

(1) housing;

 

(2) assisted living services, whether provided directly by the facility or by management agreement or other agreement; and

 

(3) the resident's service plan, if applicable.

 

(c) A facility must:

 

(1) offer to prospective residents and provide to the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care a complete unsigned copy of its contract; and

 

(2) give a complete copy of any signed contract and any addendums, and all supporting documents and attachments, to the resident or the designated representative promptly after a contract and any addendum has been signed by the resident and the legal representative.

 

(d) A contract under this section is a consumer contract under sections 325G.29 to 325G.37.

 

(e) Before or at the time of execution of the contract, the facility must offer the resident the opportunity to identify a designated representative according to subdivision 3.

 

(f) The resident must agree in writing to any additions or amendments to the contract.  Upon agreement between the resident and the facility, a new contract or an addendum to the existing contract must be executed and signed.

 

Subd. 2.  Contents and contract; contact information.  (a) The contract must include in a conspicuous place and manner on the contract the legal name and the license number of the facility.

 

(b) The contract must include the name, telephone number, and physical mailing address, which may not be a public or private post office box, of:

 

(1) the facility and contracted service provider when applicable;


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(2) the licensee of the facility;

 

(3) the managing agent of the facility, if applicable; and

 

(4) the authorized agent for the facility.

 

(c) The contract must include:

 

(1) a disclosure of the category of assisted living facility license held by the facility and, if the facility is not an assisted living facility with dementia care, a disclosure that it does not hold an assisted living facility with dementia care license;

 

(2) a description of all the terms and conditions of the contract, including a description of and any limitations to the housing or assisted living services to be provided for the contracted amount;

 

(3) a delineation of the cost and nature of any other services to be provided for an additional fee;

 

(4) a delineation and description of any additional fees the resident may be required to pay if the resident's condition changes during the term of the contract;

 

(5) a delineation of the grounds under which the resident may be discharged, evicted, or transferred or have services terminated;

 

(6) billing and payment procedures and requirements; and

 

(7) disclosure of the facility's ability to provide specialized diets.

 

(d) The contract must include a description of the facility's complaint resolution process available to residents, including the name and contact information of the person representing the facility who is designated to handle and resolve complaints.

 

(e) The contract must include a clear and conspicuous notice of:

 

(1) the right under section 144J.09 to challenge a discharge, eviction, refusal to readmit, or service termination;

 

(2) the facility's policy regarding transfer of residents within the facility, under what circumstances a transfer may occur, and whether or not consent of the resident being asked to transfer is required;

 

(3) contact information for the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care, the Ombudsman for Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities, and the Office of Health Facility Complaints;

 

(4) the resident's right to obtain services from an unaffiliated service provider;

 

(5) a description of the facility's policies related to medical assistance waivers under sections 256B.0915 and 256B.49 and the housing support program under chapter 256I, including:

 

(i) whether the facility is enrolled with the commissioner of human services to provide customized living services under medical assistance waivers;

 

(ii) whether the facility has an agreement to provide housing support under section 256I.04, subdivision 2, paragraph (b);


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(iii) whether there is a limit on the number of people residing at the facility who can receive customized living services or participate in the housing support program at any point in time.  If so, the limit must be provided;

 

(iv) whether the facility requires a resident to pay privately for a period of time prior to accepting payment under medical assistance waivers or the housing support program, and if so, the length of time that private payment is required;

 

(v) a statement that medical assistance waivers provide payment for services, but do not cover the cost of rent;

 

(vi) a statement that residents may be eligible for assistance with rent through the housing support program; and

 

(vii) a description of the rent requirements for people who are eligible for medical assistance waivers but who are not eligible for assistance through the housing support program;

 

(6) the contact information to obtain long-term care consulting services under section 256B.0911; and

 

(7) the toll-free phone number for the Minnesota Adult Abuse Reporting Center.

 

(f) The contract must include a description of the facility's complaint resolution process available to residents, including the name and contact information of the person representing the facility who is designated to handle and resolve complaints.

 

Subd. 3.  Designation of representative.  (a) Before or at the time of execution of an assisted living contract, an assisted living facility must offer the resident the opportunity to identify a designated representative in writing in the contract and must provide the following verbatim notice on a document separate from the contract:

 

RIGHT TO DESIGNATE A REPRESENTATIVE FOR CERTAIN PURPOSES.

 

You have the right to name anyone as your "Designated Representative" to assist you or, if you are unable, advocate on your behalf.  A "Designated Representative" does not take the place of your guardian, conservator, power of attorney ("attorney-in-fact"), or health care power of attorney ("health care agent"), if applicable.

 

(b) The contract must contain a page or space for the name and contact information of the designated representative and a box the resident must initial if the resident declines to name a designated representative.  Notwithstanding subdivision 1, paragraph (f), the resident has the right at any time to add or change the name and contact information of the designated representative.

 

Subd. 4.  Filing.  The contract and related documents must be maintained by the facility in files from the date of execution until five years after the contract is terminated or expires.  The contracts and all associated documents must be available for on-site inspection by the commissioner at any time.  The documents shall be available for viewing or copies shall be made available to the resident and the legal or designated representative at any time.

 

Subd. 5.  Waivers of liability prohibited.  The contract must not include a waiver of facility liability for the health and safety or personal property of a resident.  The contract must not include any provision that the facility knows or should know to be deceptive, unlawful, or unenforceable under state or federal law, nor include any provision that requires or implies a lesser standard of care or responsibility than is required by law.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.


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Sec. 27.  [144I.265] OFFICE OF OMBUDSMAN FOR LONG-TERM CARE.

 

Subdivision 1.  Immunity from liability.  The Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care and representatives of the office are immune from liability for conduct described in section 256.9742, subdivision 2.

 

Subd. 2.  Data classification.  All forms and notices received by the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care under this chapter are classified under section 256.9744.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 28.  [144I.27] PLANNED CLOSURES.

 

Subdivision 1.  Closure plan required.  In the event that an assisted living facility elects to voluntarily close the facility, the facility must notify the commissioner and the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care in writing by submitting a proposed closure plan.

 

Subd. 2.  Content of closure plan.  The facility's proposed closure plan must include:

 

(1) the procedures and actions the facility will implement to notify residents of the closure, including a copy of the written notice to be given to residents, designated representatives, legal representatives, and family;

 

(2) the procedures and actions the facility will implement to ensure all residents receive appropriate termination planning in accordance with section 144J.10, subdivisions 1 to 6, and final accountings and returns under section 144I.13, subdivision 5;

 

(3) assessments of the needs and preferences of individual residents; and

 

(4) procedures and actions the facility will implement to maintain compliance with this chapter until all residents have relocated.

 

Subd. 3.  Commissioner's approval required prior to implementation.  (a) The plan shall be subject to the commissioner's approval and subdivision 6.  The facility shall take no action to close the residence prior to the commissioner's approval of the plan.  The commissioner shall approve or otherwise respond to the plan as soon as practicable.

 

(b) The commissioner may require the facility to work with a transitional team comprised of department staff, staff of the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care, and other professionals the commissioner deems necessary to assist in the proper relocation of residents.

 

Subd. 4.  Termination planning and final accounting requirements.  Prior to termination, the facility must follow the termination planning requirements under section 144J.10, subdivisions 1 to 6, and final accounting and return requirements under section 144I.13, subdivision 5, for residents.  The facility must implement the plan approved by the commissioner and ensure that arrangements for relocation and continued care that meet each resident's social, emotional, and health needs are effectuated prior to closure.

 

Subd. 5.  Notice to residents.  After the commissioner has approved the relocation plan and at least 60 calendar days before closing, except as provided under subdivision 6, the facility must notify residents, designated representatives, and legal representatives or, if a resident has no designated representative or legal representative, a family member, if known, of the closure, the proposed date of closure, the contact information of the ombudsman for long-term care, and that the facility will follow the termination planning requirements under section 144J.10,


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subdivisions 1 to 6, and final accounting and return requirements under section 144I.13, subdivision 5.  For residents who receive home and community-based waiver services under sections 256B.0915 and 256B.49, the facility must also provide this information to the resident's case manager.

 

Subd. 6.  Emergency closures.  (a) In the event the facility must close because the commissioner deems the facility can no longer remain open, the facility must meet all requirements in subdivisions 1 to 5, except for any requirements the commissioner finds would endanger the health and safety of residents.  In the event the commissioner determines a closure must occur with less than 60 calendar days' notice, the facility shall provide notice to residents as soon as practicable or as directed by the commissioner.

 

(b) Upon request from the commissioner, the facility must provide the commissioner with any documentation related to the appropriateness of its relocation plan, or to any assertion that the facility lacks the funds to comply with subdivision 1 to 5, or that remaining open would otherwise endanger the health and safety of residents pursuant to paragraph (a).

 

Subd. 7.  Other rights.  Nothing in this section or section 144J.08, 144J.09, or 144J.10 affects the rights and remedies available under chapter 504B.

 

Subd. 8.  Fine.  The commissioner may impose a fine for failure to follow the requirements of this section.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 29.  [144I.29] COMMISSIONER OVERSIGHT AND AUTHORITY.

 

Subdivision 1.  Regulations.  The commissioner shall regulate assisted living facilities pursuant to this chapter.  The regulations shall include the following:

 

(1) provisions to assure, to the extent possible, the health, safety, well-being, and appropriate treatment of residents while respecting individual autonomy and choice;

 

(2) requirements that facilities furnish the commissioner with specified information necessary to implement this chapter;

 

(3) standards of training of facility personnel;

 

(4) standards for the provision of assisted living services;

 

(5) standards for medication management;

 

(6) standards for supervision of assisted living services;

 

(7) standards for resident evaluation or assessment;

 

(8) standards for treatments and therapies;

 

(9) requirements for the involvement of a resident's health care provider, the documentation of the health care provider's orders, if required, and the resident's service plan;

 

(10) standards for the maintenance of accurate, current resident records;

 

(11) the establishment of levels of licenses based on services provided; and


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(12) provisions to enforce these regulations and the assisted living bill of rights.

 

Subd. 2.  Regulatory functions.  (a) The commissioner shall:

 

(1) license, survey, and monitor without advance notice assisted living facilities in accordance with this chapter and rules;

 

(2) survey every provisional licensee within one year of the provisional license issuance date subject to the provisional licensee providing assisted living services to residents;

 

(3) survey assisted living facility licensees annually;

 

(4) investigate complaints of assisted living facilities;

 

(5) issue correction orders and assess civil penalties under sections 144I.30 and 144I.31;

 

(6) take action as authorized in section 144I.33; and

 

(7) take other action reasonably required to accomplish the purposes of this chapter.

 

(b) The commissioner shall review blueprints for all new facility construction and must approve the plans before construction may be commenced.

 

(c) The commissioner shall provide on-site review of the construction to ensure that all physical environment standards are met before the facility license is complete.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 30.  [144I.30] SURVEYS AND INVESTIGATIONS.

 

Subdivision 1.  Regulatory powers.  (a) The Department of Health is the exclusive state agency charged with the responsibility and duty of surveying and investigating all assisted living facilities required to be licensed under this chapter.  The commissioner of health shall enforce all sections of this chapter and the rules adopted under this chapter.

 

(b) The commissioner, upon request to the facility, must be given access to relevant information, records, incident reports, and other documents in the possession of the facility if the commissioner considers them necessary for the discharge of responsibilities.  For purposes of surveys and investigations and securing information to determine compliance with licensure laws and rules, the commissioner need not present a release, waiver, or consent to the individual.  The identities of residents must be kept private as defined in section 13.02, subdivision 12.

 

Subd. 2.  Surveys.  The commissioner shall conduct a survey of each assisted living facility on a frequency of at least once each year.  The commissioner may conduct surveys more frequently than once a year based on the license category, the facility's compliance history, the number of residents served, or other factors as determined by the commissioner deemed necessary to ensure the health, safety, and welfare of residents and compliance with the law.

 

Subd. 3.  Follow-up surveys.  The commissioner may conduct follow-up surveys to determine if the facility has corrected deficient issues and systems identified during a survey or complaint investigation.  Follow-up surveys may be conducted via phone, e­mail, fax, mail, or on-site reviews.  Follow-up surveys, other than complaint investigations, shall be concluded with an exit conference and written information provided on the process for requesting a reconsideration of the survey results.


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Subd. 4.  Scheduling surveys.  Surveys and investigations shall be conducted without advance notice to the facilities.  Surveyors may contact the facility on the day of a survey to arrange for someone to be available at the survey site.  The contact does not constitute advance notice.  The surveyor must provide presurvey notification to the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care.

 

Subd. 5.  Information provided by facility.  The assisted living facility shall provide accurate and truthful information to the department during a survey, investigation, or other licensing activities.

 

Subd. 6.  Providing resident records.  Upon request of a surveyor, assisted living facilities shall provide a list of current and past residents or designated representatives that includes addresses and telephone numbers and any other information requested about the services to residents within a reasonable period of time.

 

Subd. 7.  Correction orders.  (a) A correction order may be issued whenever the commissioner finds upon survey or during a complaint investigation that a facility, a managerial official, or an employee of the facility is not in compliance with this chapter.  The correction order shall cite the specific statute and document areas of noncompliance and the time allowed for correction.

 

(b) The commissioner shall mail or e­mail copies of any correction order to the facility within 30 calendar days after the survey exit date.  A copy of each correction order and copies of any documentation supplied to the commissioner shall be kept on file by the facility and public documents shall be made available for viewing by any person upon request.  Copies may be kept electronically.

 

(c) By the correction order date, the facility must document in the facility's records any action taken to comply with the correction order.  The commissioner may request a copy of this documentation and the facility's action to respond to the correction order in future surveys, upon a complaint investigation, and as otherwise needed.

 

Subd. 8.  Required follow-up surveys.  For assisted living facilities that have Level 3 or Level 4 violations under section 144I.31, the commissioner shall conduct a follow-up survey within 90 calendar days of the survey.  When conducting a follow-up survey, the surveyor shall focus on whether the previous violations have been corrected and may also address any new violations that are observed while evaluating the corrections that have been made.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 31.  [144I.31] VIOLATIONS AND FINES.

 

Subdivision 1.  Fine amounts.  (a) Fines and enforcement actions under this subdivision may be assessed based on the level and scope of the violations described in subdivision 2 as follows and may be imposed immediately with no opportunity to correct the violation prior to imposition:

 

(1) Level 1, no fines or enforcement;

 

(2) Level 2, a fine of $500 per violation, in addition to any enforcement mechanism authorized in section 144I.33 for widespread violations;

 

(3) Level 3, a fine of $3,000 per violation per incident, in addition to any enforcement mechanism authorized in section 144I.33;

 

(4) Level 4, a fine of $5,000 per incident, in addition to any enforcement mechanism authorized in section 144I.33; and


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(5) for maltreatment violations for which the licensee was determined to be responsible for the maltreatment under section 626.557, subdivision 9c, paragraph (c), a fine of $1,000.  A fine of $5,000 may be imposed if the commissioner determines the licensee is responsible for maltreatment consisting of sexual assault, death, or abuse resulting in serious injury.

 

(b) When a fine is assessed against a facility for substantiated maltreatment, the commissioner shall not also impose an immediate fine under this chapter for the same circumstance.

 

Subd. 2.  Level and scope of violation.  Correction orders for violations are categorized by both level and scope:

 

(1) level of violation:

 

(i) Level 1 is a violation that has no potential to cause more than a minimal impact on the resident and does not affect health or safety;

 

(ii) Level 2 is a violation that did not harm a resident's health or safety but had the potential to have harmed a resident's health or safety, but was not likely to cause serious injury, impairment, or death;

 

(iii) Level 3 is a violation that harmed a resident's health or safety, not including serious injury, impairment, or death, or a violation that has the potential to lead to serious injury, impairment, or death; and

 

(iv) Level 4 is a violation that results in serious injury, impairment, or death; and

 

(2) scope of violation:

 

(i) isolated, when one or a limited number of residents are affected or one or a limited number of staff are involved or the situation has occurred only occasionally;

 

(ii) pattern, when more than a limited number of residents are affected, more than a limited number of staff are involved, or the situation has occurred repeatedly but is not found to be pervasive; and

 

(iii) widespread, when problems are pervasive or represent a systemic failure that has affected or has the potential to affect a large portion or all of the residents.

 

Subd. 3.  Notice of noncompliance.  If the commissioner finds that the applicant or a facility has not corrected violations by the date specified in the correction order or conditional license resulting from a survey or complaint investigation, the commissioner shall provide a notice of noncompliance with a correction order by e­mailing the notice of noncompliance to the facility.  The noncompliance notice must list the violations not corrected.

 

Subd. 4.  Immediate fine; payment.  (a) For every Level 3 or Level 4 violation, the commissioner may issue an immediate fine.  The licensee must still correct the violation in the time specified.  The issuance of an immediate fine may occur in addition to any enforcement mechanism authorized under section 144I.33.  The immediate fine may be appealed as allowed under this section.

 

(b) The licensee must pay the fines assessed on or before the payment date specified.  If the licensee fails to fully comply with the order, the commissioner may issue a second fine or suspend the license until the licensee complies by paying the fine.  A timely appeal shall stay payment of the fine until the commissioner issues a final order.


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(c) A licensee shall promptly notify the commissioner in writing when a violation specified in the order is corrected.  If upon reinspection the commissioner determines that a violation has not been corrected as indicated by the order, the commissioner may issue an additional fine.  The commissioner shall notify the licensee by mail to the last known address in the licensing record that a second fine has been assessed.  The licensee may appeal the second fine as provided under this subdivision.

 

(d) A facility that has been assessed a fine under this section has a right to a reconsideration or hearing under this section and chapter 14.

 

Subd. 5.  Payment of fines required.  When a fine has been assessed, the licensee may not avoid payment by closing, selling, or otherwise transferring the license to a third party.  In such an event, the licensee shall be liable for payment of the fine.

 

Subd. 6.  Additional penalties.  In addition to any fine imposed under this section, the commissioner may assess a penalty amount based on costs related to an investigation that results in a final order assessing a fine or other enforcement action authorized by this chapter.

 

Subd. 7.  Deposit of fines.  Fines collected under this section shall be deposited in the state government special revenue fund and credited to an account separate from the revenue collected under section 144A.472.  Subject to an appropriation by the legislature, the revenue from the fines collected must be used by the commissioner for special projects to improve home care in Minnesota as recommended by the advisory council established in section 144A.4799.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 32.  [144I.32] RECONSIDERATION OF CORRECTION ORDERS AND FINES.

 

Subdivision 1.  Reconsideration process required.  The commissioner shall make available to assisted living facilities a correction order reconsideration process.  This process may be used to challenge the correction order issued, including the level and scope described in section 144I.31, and any fine assessed.  When a licensee requests reconsideration of a correction order, the correction order is not stayed while it is under reconsideration.  The commissioner shall post information on its website that the licensee requested reconsideration of the correction order and that the review is pending.

 

Subd. 2.  Reconsideration process.  An assisted living facility may request from the commissioner, in writing, a correction order reconsideration regarding any correction order issued to the facility.  The written request for reconsideration must be received by the commissioner within 15 calendar days of the correction order receipt date.  The correction order reconsideration shall not be reviewed by any surveyor, investigator, or supervisor that participated in writing or reviewing the correction order being disputed.  The correction order reconsiderations may be conducted in person, by telephone, by another electronic form, or in writing, as determined by the commissioner.  The commissioner shall respond in writing to the request from a facility for a correction order reconsideration within 60 days of the date the facility requests a reconsideration.  The commissioner's response shall identify the commissioner's decision regarding each citation challenged by the facility.

 

Subd. 3.  Findings.  The findings of a correction order reconsideration process shall be one or more of the following:

 

(1) supported in full:  the correction order is supported in full, with no deletion of findings to the citation;

 

(2) supported in substance:  the correction order is supported, but one or more findings are deleted or modified without any change in the citation;


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(3) correction order cited an incorrect licensing requirement:  the correction order is amended by changing the correction order to the appropriate statute or rule;

 

(4) correction order was issued under an incorrect citation:  the correction order is amended to be issued under the more appropriate correction order citation;

 

(5) the correction order is rescinded;

 

(6) fine is amended:  it is determined that the fine assigned to the correction order was applied incorrectly; or

 

(7) the level or scope of the citation is modified based on the reconsideration.

 

Subd. 4.  Updating the correction order website.  If the correction order findings are changed by the commissioner, the commissioner shall update the correction order website.

 

Subd. 5.  Provisional licensees.  This section does not apply to provisional licensees.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE.  This section is effective August 1, 2021.

 

Sec. 33.  [144I.33] ENFORCEMENT.

 

Subdivision 1.  Conditions.  (a) The commissioner may refuse to grant a provisional license, refuse to grant a license as a result of a change in ownership, refuse to renew a license, suspend or revoke a license, or impose a conditional license if the owner, controlling individual, or employee of an assisted living facility:

 

(1) is in violation of, or during the term of the license has violated, any of the requirements in this chapter or adopted rules;

 

(2) permits, aids, or abets the commission of any illegal act in the provision of assisted living services;

 

(3) performs any act detrimental to the health, safety, and welfare of a resident;

 

(4) obtains the license by fraud or misrepresentation;

 

(5) knowingly makes a false statement of a material fact in the application for a license or in any other record or report required by this chapter;

 

(6) denies representatives of the department access to any part of the facility's books, records, files, or employees;

 

(7) interferes with or impedes a representative of the department in contacting the facility's residents;

 

(8) interferes with or impedes ombudsman access according to section 256.9742, subdivision 4;

 

(9) interferes with or impedes a representative of the department in the enforcement of this chapter or fails to fully cooperate with an inspection, survey, or investigation by the department;

 

(10) destroys or makes unavailable any records or other evidence relating to the assisted living facility's compliance with this chapter;

 

(11) refuses to initiate a background study under section 144.057 or 245A.04;


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(12) fails to timely pay any fines assessed by the commissioner;

 

(13) violates any local, city, or township ordinance relating to housing or assisted living services;

 

(14) has repeated incidents of personnel performing services beyond their competency level; or

 

(15) has operated beyond the scope of the assisted living facility's license category.

 

(b) A violation by a contractor providing the assisted living services of the facility is a violation by facility.

 

Subd. 2.  Terms to suspension or conditional license.  (a) A suspension or conditional license designation may include terms that must be completed or met before a suspension or conditional license designation is lifted.  A conditional license designation may include restrictions or conditions that are imposed on the assisted living facility.  Terms for a suspension or conditional license may include one or more of the following and the scope of each will be determined by the commissioner:

 

(1) requiring a consultant to review, evaluate, and make recommended changes to the facility's practices and submit reports to the commissioner at the cost of the facility;

 

(2) requiring supervision of the facility or staff practices at the cost of the facility by an unrelated person who has sufficient knowledge and qualifications to oversee the practices and who will submit reports to the commissioner;

 

(3) requiring the facility or employees to obtain training at the cost of the facility;

 

(4) requiring the facility to submit reports to the commissioner;

 

(5) prohibiting the facility from admitting any new residents for a specified period of time; or

 

(6) any other action reasonably required to accomplish the purpose of this subdivision and subdivision 1.

 

(b) A facility subject to this subdivision may continue operating during the period of time residents are being transferred to another service provider.

 

Subd. 3.  Immediate temporary suspension.  (a) In addition to any other remedies provided by law, the commissioner may, without a prior contested case hearing, immediately temporarily suspend a license or prohibit delivery of housing or services by a facility for not more than 90 calendar days or issue a conditional license, if the commissioner determines that there are:

 

(1) Level 4 violations; or

 

(2) violations that pose an imminent risk of harm to the health or safety of residents.

 

(b) For purposes of this subdivision, "Level 4" has the meaning given in section 144I.31.

 

(c) A notice stating the reasons for the immediate temporary suspension or conditional license and informing the licensee of the right to an expedited hearing under subdivision 11 must be delivered by personal service to the address shown on the application or the last known address of the licensee.  The licensee may appeal an order immediately temporarily suspending a license or issuing a conditional license.  The appeal must be made in writing


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by certified mail or personal service.  If mailed, the appeal must be postmarked and sent to the commissioner within five calendar days after the licensee receives notice.  If an appeal is made by personal service, it must be received by the commissioner within five calendar days after the licensee received the order.

 

(d) A licensee whose license is immediately temporarily suspended must comply with the requirements for notification and transfer of residents in subdivision 9.  The requirements in subdivision 9 remain if an appeal is requested.

 

Subd. 4.  Mandatory revocation.  Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision 7, paragraph (a), the commissioner must revoke a license if a controlling individual of the facility is convicted of a felony or gross misdemeanor that relates to operation of the facility or directly affects resident safety or care.  The commissioner shall notify the facility and the Office of Ombudsman for Long-Term Care 30 calendar days in advance of the date of revocation.

 

Subd. 5.  Mandatory proceedings.  (a) The commissioner must initiate proceedings within 60 calendar days of notification to suspend or revoke a facility's license or must refuse to renew a facility's license if within the preceding two years the facility has incurred the following number of uncorrected or repeated violations:

 

(1) two or more uncorrected violations or one or more repeated violations that created an imminent risk to direct resident care or safety; or

 

(2) four or more uncorrected violations or two or more repeated violations of any nature for which the fines are in the four highest daily fine categories prescribed in rule.

 

(b) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), the commissioner is not required to revoke, suspend, or refuse to renew a facility's license if the facility corrects the violation.

 

Subd. 6.  Notice to residents.  (a) Within five business days after proceedings are initiated by the commissioner to revoke or suspend a facility's license, or a decision by the commissioner not to renew a living facility's license, the controlling individual of the facility or a designee must provide to the commissioner and the ombudsman for long‑term care the names of residents and the names and addresses of the residents' guardians, designated representatives, and family contacts.

 

(b) The controlling individual or designees of the facility must provide updated information each month until the proceeding is concluded.  If the controlling individual or designee of the facility fails to provide the information within this time, the facility is subject to the issuance of:

 

(1) a correction order; and

 

(2) a penalty assessment by the commissioner in rule.

 

(c) Notwithstanding subdivisions 16 and 17, any correction order issued under this subdivision must require that the facility immediately comply with the request for information and that, as of the date of the issuance of the correction order, the facility shall forfeit to the state a $500 fine the first day of noncompliance and an increase in the $500 fine by $100 increments for each day the noncompliance continues.

 

(d) Information provided under this subdivision may be used by the commissioner or the ombudsman for long‑term care only for the purpose of providing affected consumers information about the status of the proceedings.


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(e) Within ten business days after the commissioner initiates proceedings to revoke, suspend, or not renew a facility license, the commissioner must send a written notice of the action and the process involved to each resident of the facility and the resident's designated representative or, if there is no designated representative and if known, a family member or interested person.

 

(f) The commissioner shall provide the ombudsman for long-term care with monthly information on the department's actions and the status of the proceedings.

 

Subd. 7.  Notice to facility.  (a) Prior to any suspension, revocation, or refusal to renew a license, the facility shall be entitled to notice and a hearing as provided by sections 14.57 to 14.69.  The hearing must commence within 60 calendar days after the proceedings are initiated.  In addition to any other remedy provided by law, the commissioner may, without a prior contested case hearing, temporarily suspend a license or prohibit delivery of services by a provider for not more than 90 calendar days, or issue a conditional license if the commissioner determines that there are Level 3 violations that do not pose an imminent risk of harm to the health or safety of the facility residents, provided:

 

(1) advance notice is given to the facility;