The E-12 education budget is the largest expenditure in Gov. Tim Walz’s “Budget for One Minnesota” proposal, totaling 41.1 percent of the $49.5 billion recommendation.
The House Education Finance Division received a high-level overview of the education portion of that proposal Wednesday from Education Commissioner Mary Cathryn Ricker.
In total, the proposal would invest $733 million in additional pre-K through grade 12 education funding over the next two years with a goal of stabilizing education funding, making investments in data collection and analytics, and helping address racial and socioeconomic achievement gaps.
The bulk of that funding, $523 million, would be used to increase the general education basic formula by 3 percent, or $189 per student in Fiscal Year 2020, and 2 percent, or an additional $130 per student in Fiscal Year 2021. The general funding formula is the biggest source of state aid to schools and offers districts the most flexibility and local control.
The gap between school districts' special education costs, and the state and federal funding they receive, is projected to hit $793 million statewide by Fiscal Year 2021. The budget would appropriate $77 million to prevent the cross subsidy from increasing.
“By freezing the cross subsidy and keeping it from growing that means an investment in general education revenue—our proposal of 3 percent and 2 percent—can really mean 3 percent and 2 percent,” Ricker said, “which means we have preserved the buying power of that general education revenue investment.”
Rep. Ron Kresha (R-Little Falls) asked if Walz had indicated any appropriations that were aspirational and could be reduced or eliminated depending on the February budget forecast, scheduled to be released Thursday.
Ricker indicated that Walz intends for the proposal to be passed as a comprehensive package, which she supports.
Other components of the E-12 proposal include:
In additional to fiscal appropriations, the proposal would make several policy changes, including:
Rep. Julie Sandstede (DFL-Hibbing), applauded the recommendation to create a school finance task force to address the state’s current funding formula.
“I think we’re at a time we really need to look at some monumental changes, that we may have to do incrementally,” she said.